1 Samuels 8

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1 Da Samuel blev gammel, satte han sine sønner til dommere over Israel.

2 Hans førstefødte sønn hette Joel og hans annen sønn Abia; de dømte i Be'erseba.

3 Men hans sønner vandret ikke på hans veier, men søkte bare egen vinning og tok imot gaver og bøide retten.

4 Da samlet alle Israels eldste sig og kom til Samuel i ama.

5 Og de sa til ham: Nu er du blitt gammel, og dine sønner vandrer ikke på dine veier; så sett nu en konge over oss til å dømme oss, som alle folkene har!

6 Men det ord gjorde Samuel ondt, da de sa: Gi oss en konge til å dømme oss! Og Samuel bad til Herren.

7 Da sa Herren til Samuel: Lyd folket i alt hvad de sier til dig! For det er ikke dig de har forkastet, men det er mig de har forkastet, så jeg ikke skal være konge over dem.

8 Som de alltid har gjort fra den dag jeg førte dem op fra Egypten, til den dag idag, idet de forlot mig og tjente andre guder, således gjør de nu også mot dig.

9 Men lyd nu deres ord! Du må bare alvorlig vidne for dem og foreholde dem hvorledes han vil bære sig at den konge som kommer til å råde over dem.

10 sa Samuel alle Herrens ord til folket som krevde en konge av ham.

11 Han sa: Således vil han bære sig at den konge som kommer til å råde over eder: Eders sønner vil han ta og sette dem til å stelle med sin vogn og sine hester, og de skal løpe foran hans vogn,

12 Og han vil sette dem til høvdinger over tusen og høvdinger over femti og til å pløie hans akrer og høste hans avling og til å gjøre hans krigsredskaper og hans kjøretøi.

13 Eders døtre vil han ta og sette til å lage salver og til å koke og bake for ham.

14 Eders beste jorder og vingårder og oljehaver vil han ta og gi sine tjenere.

15 Og av eders akrer og eders vingårder vil han ta tiende og gi sine hoffmenn og sine tjenere.

16 Eders træler og eders trælkvinner og eders beste unge menn og eders asener vil han ta og bruke til sitt arbeid.

17 Av eders småfe vil han ta tiende, og I selv skal være hans træler.

18 Da skal I en dag rope til Herren for den konges skyld som I har kåret eder; men den dag skal Herren ikke svare eder.

19 Men folket vilde ikke høreSamuel, de sa: Nei, vi vil ha en konge over oss.

20 Vi vil være som alle de andre folk; vår konge skal dømme oss, og han skal dra ut foran oss og føre våre kriger.

21 Da Samuel hadde hørt alle folkets ord, bar han dem frem for Herren.

22 Og Herren sa til Samuel: Lyd deres ord og sett en konge over dem! Så sa Samuel til Israels menn: Gå hjem hver til sin by!

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mosebok 46:1

2 Mosebok 16:8, 23:6, 8

5 Mosebok 16:18, 17:14

Dommernes 8:22

1 Samuels 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2 Samuel 15:1

1 Kongebok 12:4

2 Kongebok 19:14, 21:9

1 Krønikebok 6:13, 27:1

Jobs 8

Salmenes 78:8, 81:12

Proverbs 1:25, 28

Esaias 23, 59:1

Jeremias 22:17, 44:16

Esekiel 8:18

Hoseas 13:10

Mika 3:4, 11

Matteus 20:25

Apostlenes-gjerninge 13:21

Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

gammel
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dommere
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

førstefødte
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

sønn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

veier
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

bare
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

vinning
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

eldste
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

ama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

sa
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

vandrer
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

sett
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

dømme
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

gi
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sier
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

guder
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

femti
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

høste
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

døtre
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

bake
In a broad sense, there are two things we get from our food. One is energy, in the form of carbohydrates and fats. The other...

vingårder
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

tjenere
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

trælkvinner
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

arbeid
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

en dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

høre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

kriger
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

hørt
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

menn
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

by
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

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