Zephaniah 1

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1 λογος κυριου ος εγενηθη προς σοφονιαν τον του χουσι υιον γοδολιου του αμαριου του εζεκιου εν ημεραις ιωσιου υιου αμων βασιλεως ιουδα

2 εκλειψει εκλιπετω παντα απο προσωπου της γης λεγει κυριος

3 εκλιπετω ανθρωπος και κτηνη εκλιπετω τα πετεινα του ουρανου και οι ιχθυες της θαλασσης και εξαρω τους ανθρωπους απο προσωπου της γης λεγει κυριος

4 και εκτενω την χειρα μου επι ιουδαν και επι παντας τους κατοικουντας ιερουσαλημ και εξαρω εκ του τοπου τουτου τα ονοματα της βααλ και τα ονοματα των ιερεων

5 και τους προσκυνουντας επι τα δωματα τη στρατια του ουρανου και τους ομνυοντας κατα του κυριου και τους ομνυοντας κατα του βασιλεως αυτων

6 και τους εκκλινοντας απο του κυριου και τους μη ζητησαντας τον κυριον και τους μη αντεχομενους του κυριου

7 ευλαβεισθε απο προσωπου κυριου του θεου διοτι εγγυς η ημερα του κυριου οτι ητοιμακεν κυριος την θυσιαν αυτου ηγιακεν τους κλητους αυτου

8 και εσται εν ημερα θυσιας κυριου και εκδικησω επι τους αρχοντας και επι τον οικον του βασιλεως και επι παντας τους ενδεδυμενους ενδυματα αλλοτρια

9 και εκδικησω επι παντας εμφανως επι τα προπυλα εν εκεινη τη ημερα τους πληρουντας τον οικον κυριου του θεου αυτων ασεβειας και δολου

10 και εσται εν εκεινη τη ημερα λεγει κυριος φωνη κραυγης απο πυλης αποκεντουντων και ολολυγμος απο της δευτερας και συντριμμος μεγας απο των βουνων

11 θρηνησατε οι κατοικουντες την κατακεκομμενην οτι ωμοιωθη πας ο λαος χανααν εξωλεθρευθησαν παντες οι επηρμενοι αργυριω

12 και εσται εν εκεινη τη ημερα εξερευνησω την ιερουσαλημ μετα λυχνου και εκδικησω επι τους ανδρας τους καταφρονουντας επι τα φυλαγματα αυτων οι λεγοντες εν ταις καρδιαις αυτων ου μη αγαθοποιηση κυριος ουδ' ου μη κακωση

13 και εσται η δυναμις αυτων εις διαρπαγην και οι οικοι αυτων εις αφανισμον και οικοδομησουσιν οικιας και ου μη κατοικησουσιν εν αυταις και καταφυτευσουσιν αμπελωνας και ου μη πιωσιν τον οινον αυτων

14 οτι εγγυς η ημερα κυριου η μεγαλη εγγυς και ταχεια σφοδρα φωνη ημερας κυριου πικρα και σκληρα τετακται δυνατη

15 ημερα οργης η ημερα εκεινη ημερα θλιψεως και αναγκης ημερα αωριας και αφανισμου ημερα σκοτους και γνοφου ημερα νεφελης και ομιχλης

16 ημερα σαλπιγγος και κραυγης επι τας πολεις τας οχυρας και επι τας γωνιας τας υψηλας

17 και εκθλιψω τους ανθρωπους και πορευσονται ως τυφλοι οτι τω κυριω εξημαρτον και εκχεει το αιμα αυτων ως χουν και τας σαρκας αυτων ως βολβιτα

18 και το αργυριον αυτων και το χρυσιον αυτων ου μη δυνηται εξελεσθαι αυτους εν ημερα οργης κυριου και εν πυρι ζηλους αυτου καταναλωθησεται πασα η γη διοτι συντελειαν και σπουδην ποιησει επι παντας τους κατοικουντας την γην



Exploring the Meaning of Zephaniah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Zephaniah’s prophecy is said to have taken place in the days of Josiah, the king of Judah. Josiah was a good king, walking in the all ways of the Lord, but both his sons were evil. He was the last king of Judah before Nebuchadnezzar's army conquered Jerusalem, and took many of the Jews captive to exile in Babylon for 70 years. (See the last four chapters of 2 Kings for Josiah’s story.)

The first chapter of the book of Zephaniah, in Zephaniah 1:1-3, begins with a prophecy that God will consume all things. We know that this isn't literally what was going to happen; consuming is not something that God does. Instead, it's something we do to ourselves when we depend only on our understanding of truth and ignore what is said in the Word. It means the perishing of our understanding of that truth.

The people who lived at that time were becoming totally external; there was no more affection for truths. Random thoughts about truths were gone, even the most outward truths of the stories were not considered worthy of thought, and any difficult truths were ignored. The church was becoming only a matter of rote external motions.

In Zephaniah 1:4-6, Baal, the stars and moon and sun, and Malcam, are false gods. Again it seems as though the Lord will punish Judah, but actually, by having “turned back from following the Lord,” the people of Judah has turned to false gods have no real power.

In Zephaniah 1:7-8, nevertheless the lord will have mercy on those that turn back to Him and can sit at His feast. But as in the parable of the wedding supper, (Matthew 22:11-13) only those who have the right clothing are welcome. Why this rule?

Garments mean evident truths that a person “wears”. Princes and kings mean ruling truths or falsities that a person believes and uses to guide ones actions. When these are not from the Lord’s Word they lead one astray.

In Zephaniah 1:9-11, the text refers to areas of Jerusalem, where of all places God’s Word should be revered and believed and used to gain wisdom. Yet even there, there is mourning and wailing.

Maktesh means a mortar for grinding flour, and so perhaps a neighborhood of bakers. Merchants are traders, and are used to mean those who trade news of truths that they have heard. The whole idea here is that known truths are being defiled in the very place they should be honored.

In Zephaniah 1:12, 13, the idea has come about that either there is no God or that He doesn’t care. The houses and vineyards, the truths they live with and the new truths that they can drink in are gone, there is no more truth in the church.

In Zephaniah 1:14-17, there first is a prophecy of the Lord’s coming, “The great day of the Lord is near”.

We need to realize that words in the story that regard quickness or haste mostly mean sureness and importance. God doesn’t have a calendar; all time is the present with Him.

Then comes the reaction for those who have falsified His truth and turned away from his commandments -- ignored Him. They will be judged, and they won’t be happy about it.

In Zephaniah 1:18, the “truth” they honor -- the silver -- will be seen to have no value, and the appearance of good they put on -- the gold -- to be only paint.

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Exploring the Meaning of Zephaniah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Zephaniah’s prophecy is said to have taken place in the days of Josiah, the king of Judah. Josiah was a good king, walking in the all ways of the Lord, but both his sons were evil. He was the last king of Judah before Nebuchadnezzar's army conquered Jerusalem, and took many of the Jews captive to exile in Babylon for 70 years. (See the last four chapters of 2 Kings for Josiah’s story.)

The first chapter of the book of Zephaniah, in Zephaniah 1:1-3, begins with a prophecy that God will consume all things. We know that this isn't literally what was going to happen; consuming is not something that God does. Instead, it's something we do to ourselves when we depend only on our understanding of truth and ignore what is said in the Word. It means the perishing of our understanding of that truth.

The people who lived at that time were becoming totally external; there was no more affection for truths. Random thoughts about truths were gone, even the most outward truths of the stories were not considered worthy of thought, and any difficult truths were ignored. The church was becoming only a matter of rote external motions.

In Zephaniah 1:4-6, Baal, the stars and moon and sun, and Malcam, are false gods. Again it seems as though the Lord will punish Judah, but actually, by having “turned back from following the Lord,” the people of Judah has turned to false gods have no real power.

In Zephaniah 1:7-8, nevertheless the lord will have mercy on those that turn back to Him and can sit at His feast. But as in the parable of the wedding supper, (Matthew 22:11-13) only those who have the right clothing are welcome. Why this rule?

Garments mean evident truths that a person “wears”. Princes and kings mean ruling truths or falsities that a person believes and uses to guide ones actions. When these are not from the Lord’s Word they lead one astray.

In Zephaniah 1:9-11, the text refers to areas of Jerusalem, where of all places God’s Word should be revered and believed and used to gain wisdom. Yet even there, there is mourning and wailing.

Maktesh means a mortar for grinding flour, and so perhaps a neighborhood of bakers. Merchants are traders, and are used to mean those who trade news of truths that they have heard. The whole idea here is that known truths are being defiled in the very place they should be honored.

In Zephaniah 1:12, 13, the idea has come about that either there is no God or that He doesn’t care. The houses and vineyards, the truths they live with and the new truths that they can drink in are gone, there is no more truth in the church.

In Zephaniah 1:14-17, there first is a prophecy of the Lord’s coming, “The great day of the Lord is near”.

We need to realize that words in the story that regard quickness or haste mostly mean sureness and importance. God doesn’t have a calendar; all time is the present with Him.

Then comes the reaction for those who have falsified His truth and turned away from his commandments -- ignored Him. They will be judged, and they won’t be happy about it.

In Zephaniah 1:18, the “truth” they honor -- the silver -- will be seen to have no value, and the appearance of good they put on -- the gold -- to be only paint.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 411

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 228


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 375, 776, 991, 1071, 1488, 1839, 1860, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 166, 216, 290, 316, 340, 342, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 14, 38

True Christian Religion 82, 689, 755, 761


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 195, 280, 342, 376, 397, 417, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 58, 77

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Genesis 6:7

Deuteronomy 4:19, 28:29, 30, 32:22

Joshua 6:20, 23:7, 12

2 Kings 21:26, 23:4, 5, 12

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Nehemiah 3:3

Psalms 10:4, 79:2, 3

Proverbs 11:4

Isaiah 1:4, 2:15, 9:12, 10:3, 17, 13:9, 22:1, 5, 34:5, 6, 48:1

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Lamentations 2:17, 4:14

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Hosea 4:3, 15, 7:10, 10:5

Joel 1:15, 2:1, 2

Amos 6:1, 8:3

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Habakkuk 2:20

Zephaniah 3:2, 8

Zechariah 5:6, 14:1, 21

Matthew 6:24, 13:41

Luke 21:25

Romans 2:17

Hebrews 12:29

James 5:8

Revelation 1:1, 6:15

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