Judges 2

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented         

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1 και ανεβη αγγελος κυριου απο γαλγαλ επι τον κλαυθμωνα και επι βαιθηλ και επι τον οικον ισραηλ και ειπεν προς αυτους ταδε λεγει κυριος ανεβιβασα υμας εξ αιγυπτου και εισηγαγον υμας εις την γην ην ωμοσα τοις πατρασιν υμων και ειπα ου διασκεδασω την διαθηκην μου την μεθ' υμων εις τον αιωνα

2 και υμεις ου διαθησεσθε διαθηκην τοις εγκαθημενοις εις την γην ταυτην ουδε τοις θεοις αυτων προσκυνησετε αλλα τα γλυπτα αυτων συντριψετε και τα θυσιαστηρια αυτων καθελειτε και ουκ εισηκουσατε της φωνης μου οτι ταυτα εποιησατε

3 καγω ειπον ου μη εξαρω αυτους εκ προσωπου υμων και εσονται υμιν εις συνοχας και οι θεοι αυτων εσονται υμιν εις σκανδαλον

4 και εγενετο ως ελαλησεν ο αγγελος κυριου τους λογους τουτους προς παντας υιους ισραηλ και επηραν ο λαος την φωνην αυτων και εκλαυσαν

5 και επωνομασαν το ονομα του τοπου εκεινου κλαυθμωνες και εθυσιασαν εκει τω κυριω

6 και εξαπεστειλεν ιησους τον λαον και ηλθεν ανηρ εις την κληρονομιαν αυτου κατακληρονομησαι την γην

7 και εδουλευσεν ο λαος τω κυριω πασας τας ημερας ιησου και πασας τας ημερας των πρεσβυτερων οσοι εμακροημερευσαν μετα ιησου οσοι εγνωσαν παν το εργον κυριου το μεγα ο εποιησεν εν τω ισραηλ

8 και ετελευτησεν ιησους υιος ναυη δουλος κυριου υιος εκατον δεκα ετων

9 και εθαψαν αυτον εν οριω της κληρονομιας αυτου εν θαμναθαρες εν ορει εφραιμ απο βορρα του ορους γαας

10 και γε πασα η γενεα εκεινη προσετεθησαν προς τους πατερας αυτων και ανεστη γενεα ετερα μετ' αυτους οι ουκ εγνωσαν τον κυριον και γε το εργον ο εποιησεν εν τω ισραηλ

11 και εποιησαν οι υιοι ισραηλ το πονηρον ενωπιον κυριου και ελατρευσαν τοις βααλιμ

12 και εγκατελιπον τον κυριον τον θεον των πατερων αυτων τον εξαγαγοντα αυτους εκ γης αιγυπτου και επορευθησαν οπισω θεων ετερων απο των θεων των εθνων των περικυκλω αυτων και προσεκυνησαν αυτοις και παρωργισαν τον κυριον

13 και εγκατελιπον αυτον και ελατρευσαν τω βααλ και ταις ασταρταις

14 και ωργισθη θυμω κυριος εν τω ισραηλ και παρεδωκεν αυτους εις χειρας προνομευοντων και κατεπρονομευσαν αυτους και απεδοτο αυτους εν χερσι των εχθρων αυτων κυκλοθεν και ουκ ηδυνηθησαν ετι αντιστηναι κατα προσωπον των εχθρων αυτων

15 εν πασιν οις εξεπορευοντο και χειρ κυριου ην επ' αυτους εις κακα καθως ελαλησεν κυριος και καθως ωμοσεν κυριος αυτοις και εξεθλιψεν αυτους σφοδρα

16 και ηγειρεν κυριος κριτας και εσωσεν αυτους κυριος εκ χειρος των προνομευοντων αυτους

17 και γε των κριτων ουχ υπηκουσαν οτι εξεπορνευσαν οπισω θεων ετερων και προσεκυνησαν αυτοις και εξεκλιναν ταχυ εκ της οδου ης επορευθησαν οι πατερες αυτων του εισακουειν των λογων κυριου ουκ εποιησαν ουτως

18 και οτι ηγειρεν κυριος κριτας αυτοις και ην κυριος μετα του κριτου και εσωσεν αυτους εκ χειρος εχθρων αυτων πασας τας ημερας του κριτου οτι παρεκληθη κυριος απο του στεναγμου αυτων απο προσωπου των πολιορκουντων αυτους και εκθλιβοντων αυτους

19 και εγενετο ως απεθνησκεν ο κριτης και απεστρεψαν και παλιν διεφθειραν υπερ τους πατερας αυτων πορευεσθαι οπισω θεων ετερων λατρευειν αυτοις και προσκυνειν αυτοις ουκ απερριψαν τα επιτηδευματα αυτων και τας οδους αυτων τας σκληρας

20 και ωργισθη θυμω κυριος εν τω ισραηλ και ειπεν ανθ' ων οσα εγκατελιπον το εθνος τουτο την διαθηκην μου ην ενετειλαμην τοις πατρασιν αυτων και ουκ εισηκουσαν της φωνης μου

21 και γε εγω ου προσθησω του εξαραι ανδρα εκ προσωπου αυτων απο των εθνων ων κατελιπεν ιησους υιος ναυη εν τη γη και αφηκεν

22 του πειρασαι εν αυτοις τον ισραηλ ει φυλασσονται την οδον κυριου πορευεσθαι εν αυτη ον τροπον εφυλαξαν οι πατερες αυτων η ου

23 και αφηκεν κυριος τα εθνη ταυτα του μη εξαραι αυτα το ταχος και ου παρεδωκεν αυτα εν χειρι ιησου

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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