Joshua 23

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1 και εγενετο μεθ' ημερας πλειους μετα το καταπαυσαι κυριον τον ισραηλ απο παντων των εχθρων αυτων κυκλοθεν και ιησους πρεσβυτερος προβεβηκως ταις ημεραις

2 και συνεκαλεσεν ιησους παντας τους υιους ισραηλ και την γερουσιαν αυτων και τους αρχοντας αυτων και τους γραμματεις αυτων και τους δικαστας αυτων και ειπεν προς αυτους εγω γεγηρακα και προβεβηκα ταις ημεραις

3 υμεις δε εωρακατε οσα εποιησεν κυριος ο θεος υμων πασιν τοις εθνεσιν τουτοις απο προσωπου υμων οτι κυριος ο θεος υμων ο εκπολεμησας υμιν

4 ιδετε οτι επερριφα υμιν τα εθνη τα καταλελειμμενα υμιν ταυτα εν τοις κληροις εις τας φυλας υμων απο του ιορδανου παντα τα εθνη α εξωλεθρευσα και απο της θαλασσης της μεγαλης οριει επι δυσμας ηλιου

5 κυριος δε ο θεος υμων ουτος εξολεθρευσει αυτους απο προσωπου υμων εως αν απολωνται και αποστελει αυτοις τα θηρια τα αγρια εως αν εξολεθρευση αυτους και τους βασιλεις αυτων απο προσωπου υμων και κατακληρονομησατε την γην αυτων καθα ελαλησεν κυριος ο θεος υμων υμιν

6 κατισχυσατε ουν σφοδρα φυλασσειν και ποιειν παντα τα γεγραμμενα εν τω βιβλιω του νομου μωυση ινα μη εκκλινητε εις δεξιαν η ευωνυμα

7 οπως μη εισελθητε εις τα εθνη τα καταλελειμμενα ταυτα και τα ονοματα των θεων αυτων ουκ ονομασθησεται εν υμιν ουδε μη προσκυνησητε αυτοις ουδε μη λατρευσητε αυτοις

8 αλλα κυριω τω θεω υμων προσκολληθησεσθε καθαπερ εποιησατε εως της ημερας ταυτης

9 και εξωλεθρευσεν αυτους κυριος απο προσωπου υμων εθνη μεγαλα και ισχυρα και υμιν ουθεις αντεστη κατενωπιον υμων εως της ημερας ταυτης

10 εις υμων εδιωξεν χιλιους οτι κυριος ο θεος υμων εξεπολεμει υμιν καθαπερ ειπεν υμιν

11 και φυλαξασθε σφοδρα του αγαπαν κυριον τον θεον υμων

12 εαν γαρ αποστραφητε και προσθησθε τοις υπολειφθεισιν εθνεσιν τουτοις τοις μεθ' υμων και επιγαμιας ποιησητε προς αυτους και συγκαταμιγητε αυτοις και αυτοι υμιν

13 γινωσκετε οτι ου μη προσθη κυριος του εξολεθρευσαι τα εθνη ταυτα απο προσωπου υμων και εσονται υμιν εις παγιδας και εις σκανδαλα και εις ηλους εν ταις πτερναις υμων και εις βολιδας εν τοις οφθαλμοις υμων εως αν απολησθε απο της γης της αγαθης ταυτης ην εδωκεν υμιν κυριος ο θεος υμων

14 εγω δε αποτρεχω την οδον καθα και παντες οι επι της γης και γνωσεσθε τη καρδια υμων και τη ψυχη υμων διοτι ου διεπεσεν εις λογος απο παντων των λογων ων ειπεν κυριος ο θεος υμων προς παντα τα ανηκοντα υμιν ου διεφωνησεν εξ αυτων

15 και εσται ον τροπον ηκει εφ' υμας παντα τα ρηματα τα καλα α ελαλησεν κυριος προς υμας ουτως επαξει κυριος ο θεος εφ' υμας παντα τα ρηματα τα πονηρα εως αν εξολεθρευση υμας απο της γης της αγαθης ταυτης ης εδωκεν κυριος υμιν

16 εν τω παραβηναι υμας την διαθηκην κυριου του θεου υμων ην ενετειλατο υμιν και πορευθεντες λατρευσητε θεοις ετεροις και προσκυνησητε αυτοις

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 2575

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 47:29

Exodus 19:4, 20:5, 23:13, 33, 34:11, 16

Leviticus 26:3, 7, 8, 14

Numbers 33:53, 55, 56

Deuteronomy 3:22, 4:4, 9, 15, 26, 6:13, 14, 15, 7:17, 24, 8:20, 11:23, 13:5, 17:3, 20:4, 28:15, 30:16, 20, 32:30

Joshua 1:7, 10:14, 13:1, 6, 18:10, 21:44, 45, 22:5, 24:1, 18

Judges 2:3, 14, 20, 21, 14:3

1 Samuel 12:2, 25

1 Kings 1:1, 2:2, 3, 8:1, 9:6, 7, 14:15, 21:26

2 Kings 5:18, 17:12, 18, 20, 23

1 Chronicles 5:20, 22, 23:2, 25, 27:1, 27

2 Chronicles 7:19, 14:1, 5, 20:7

Ezra 9:1

Job 30:23

Isaiah 24:5

Jeremiah 5:7, 32:23, 42

Zephaniah 1:5, 6, 3:6

Acts of the Apostles 20:28

2 Corinthians 6:14

Ephesians 5:11

2 Thessalonians 2:15

Hebrews 6:6, 9:27

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