Joshua 11

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1 ως δε ηκουσεν ιαβιν βασιλευς ασωρ απεστειλεν προς ιωβαβ βασιλεα μαρρων και προς βασιλεα συμοων και προς βασιλεα αζιφ

2 και προς τους βασιλεις τους κατα σιδωνα την μεγαλην εις την ορεινην και εις την ραβα απεναντι κενερωθ και εις το πεδιον και εις ναφεδδωρ

3 και εις τους παραλιους χαναναιους απο ανατολων και εις τους παραλιους αμορραιους και ευαιους και ιεβουσαιους και φερεζαιους τους εν τω ορει και τους χετταιους τους υπο την αερμων εις γην μασσηφα

4 και εξηλθον αυτοι και οι βασιλεις αυτων μετ' αυτων ωσπερ η αμμος της θαλασσης τω πληθει και ιπποι και αρματα πολλα σφοδρα

5 και συνηλθον παντες οι βασιλεις ουτοι και παρεγενοντο επι το αυτο και παρενεβαλον επι του υδατος μαρρων πολεμησαι τον ισραηλ

6 και ειπεν κυριος προς ιησουν μη φοβηθης απο προσωπου αυτων οτι αυριον ταυτην την ωραν εγω παραδιδωμι τετροπωμενους αυτους εναντιον του ισραηλ τους ιππους αυτων νευροκοπησεις και τα αρματα αυτων κατακαυσεις εν πυρι

7 και ηλθεν ιησους και πας ο λαος ο πολεμιστης επ' αυτους επι το υδωρ μαρρων εξαπινα και επεπεσαν επ' αυτους εν τη ορεινη

8 και παρεδωκεν αυτους κυριος υποχειριους ισραηλ και κοπτοντες αυτους κατεδιωκον εως σιδωνος της μεγαλης και εως μασερων και εως των πεδιων μασσωχ κατ' ανατολας και κατεκοψαν αυτους εως του μη καταλειφθηναι αυτων διασεσωσμενον

9 και εποιησεν αυτοις ιησους ον τροπον ενετειλατο αυτω κυριος τους ιππους αυτων ενευροκοπησεν και τα αρματα αυτων ενεπρησεν εν πυρι

10 και απεστραφη ιησους εν τω καιρω εκεινω και κατελαβετο ασωρ και τον βασιλεα αυτης ην δε ασωρ το προτερον αρχουσα πασων των βασιλειων τουτων

11 και απεκτειναν παν εμπνεον εν αυτη εν ξιφει και εξωλεθρευσαν παντας και ου κατελειφθη εν αυτη εμπνεον και την ασωρ ενεπρησαν εν πυρι

12 και πασας τας πολεις των βασιλεων και τους βασιλεις αυτων ελαβεν ιησους και ανειλεν αυτους εν στοματι ξιφους και εξωλεθρευσαν αυτους ον τροπον συνεταξεν μωυσης ο παις κυριου

13 αλλα πασας τας πολεις τας κεχωματισμενας ουκ ενεπρησεν ισραηλ πλην ασωρ μονην ενεπρησεν ιησους

14 και παντα τα σκυλα αυτης επρονομευσαν εαυτοις οι υιοι ισραηλ αυτους δε παντας εξωλεθρευσαν εν στοματι ξιφους εως απωλεσεν αυτους ου κατελιπον εξ αυτων ουδε εν εμπνεον

15 ον τροπον συνεταξεν κυριος τω μωυση τω παιδι αυτου και μωυσης ωσαυτως ενετειλατο τω ιησοι και ουτως εποιησεν ιησους ου παρεβη ουδεν απο παντων ων συνεταξεν αυτω μωυσης

16 και ελαβεν ιησους πασαν την γην την ορεινην και πασαν την ναγεβ και πασαν την γην γοσομ και την πεδινην και την προς δυσμαις και το ορος ισραηλ και τα ταπεινα

17 τα προς τω ορει απο ορους αχελ και ο προσαναβαινει εις σηιρ και εως βααλγαδ και τα πεδια του λιβανου υπο το ορος το αερμων και παντας τους βασιλεις αυτων ελαβεν και ανειλεν αυτους και απεκτεινεν

18 και πλειους ημερας εποιησεν ιησους προς τους βασιλεις τουτους τον πολεμον

19 και ουκ ην πολις ην ουκ ελαβεν ισραηλ παντα ελαβοσαν εν πολεμω

20 οτι δια κυριου εγενετο κατισχυσαι αυτων την καρδιαν συνανταν εις πολεμον προς ισραηλ ινα εξολεθρευθωσιν οπως μη δοθη αυτοις ελεος αλλ' ινα εξολεθρευθωσιν ον τροπον ειπεν κυριος προς μωυσην

21 και ηλθεν ιησους εν τω καιρω εκεινω και εξωλεθρευσεν τους ενακιμ εκ της ορεινης εκ χεβρων και εκ δαβιρ και εξ αναβωθ και εκ παντος γενους ισραηλ και εκ παντος ορους ιουδα συν ταις πολεσιν αυτων και εξωλεθρευσεν αυτους ιησους

22 ου κατελειφθη των ενακιμ απο των υιων ισραηλ αλλα πλην εν γαζη και εν γεθ και εν ασεδωθ κατελειφθη

23 και ελαβεν ιησους πασαν την γην καθοτι ενετειλατο κυριος τω μωυση και εδωκεν αυτους ιησους εν κληρονομια ισραηλ εν μερισμω κατα φυλας αυτων και η γη κατεπαυσεν πολεμουμενη

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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