Judges 2

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Unaccented Roots & Parsing         

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1 και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S αγγελος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM απο-P *γαλγαλ-N---GSF επι-P ο- A--ASM *κλαυθμων-N3W-ASM και-C επι-P *βαιθηλ-N---AS και-C επι-P ο- A--ASM οικος-N2--ASM *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S προς-P αυτος- D--APM οδε- D--APN λεγω-V1--PAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM αναβιβαζω-VAI-AAI1S συ- P--AP εκ-P *αιγυπτος-N2--GSF και-C ειςαγω-VBI-AAI1S συ- P--AP εις-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF ος- --ASF ομνυμι-VAI-AAI1S ο- A--DPM πατηρ-N3--DPM συ- P--GP και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI1S ου-D διασκεδαζω-VF--FAI1S ο- A--ASF διαθηκη-N1--ASF εγω- P--GS ο- A--ASF μετα-P συ- P--GP εις-P ο- A--ASM αιων-N3W-ASM

2 και-C συ- P--NP ου-D διατιθημι-VF--FMI2P διαθηκη-N1--ASF ο- A--DPM εν καταημαι-V5--PMPDPM εις-P ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF ουτος- D--ASF ουδε-C ο- A--DPM θεος-N2--DPM αυτος- D--GPM προςκυνεω-VF--FAI2P αλλα-C ο- A--APN γλυπτος-A1--APN αυτος- D--GPM συντριβω-VF--FAI2P και-C ο- A--APN θυσιαστηριον-N2N-APN αυτος- D--GPM κατααιρεω-VF2-FAI2P και-C ου-D ειςακουω-VAI-AAI2P ο- A--GSF φωνη-N1--GSF εγω- P--GS οτι-C ουτος- D--APN ποιεω-VAI-AAI2P

3 καιεγω-C+ PNS ειπον-VBI-AAI1S ου-D μη-D εκαιρω-VF2-FAI1S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN συ- P--GP και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3P συ- P--DP εις-P συνοχη-N1--APF και-C ο- A--NPM θεος-N2--NPM αυτος- D--GPM ειμι-VF--FMI3P συ- P--DP εις-P σκανδαλον-N2N-ASN

4 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C λαλεω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM αγγελος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM ο- A--APM λογος-N2--APM ουτος- D--APM προς-P πας-A3--APM υιος-N2--APM *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C επιαιρω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM ο- A--ASF φωνη-N1--ASF αυτος- D--GPM και-C κλαιω-VAI-AAI3P

5 και-C επιονομαζω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--ASN ονομα-N3M-ASN ο- A--GSM τοπος-N2--GSM εκεινος- D--GSM *κλαυθμων-N3W-NPM και-C θυσιαζω-VAI-AAI3P εκει-D ο- A--DSM κυριος-N2--DSM

6 και-C εκ αποστελλω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM ο- A--ASM λαος-N2--ASM και-C ερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S ανηρ-N3--NSM εις-P ο- A--ASF κληρονομια-N1A-ASF αυτος- D--GSM κατακληρονομεω-VA--AAN ο- A--ASF γη-N1--ASF

7 και-C δουλευω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM κυριος-N2--DSM πας-A1S-APF ο- A--APF ημερα-N1A-APF *ιησους-N---GSM και-C πας-A1S-APF ο- A--APF ημερα-N1A-APF ο- A--GPM πρεσβυτερος-A1B-GPMC οσος-A1--NPM μακροημερευω-VAI-AAI3P μετα-P *ιησους-N---GSM οσος-A1--NPM γιγνωσκω-VZI-AAI3P πας-A3--ASN ο- A--ASN εργον-N2N-ASN κυριος-N2--GSM ο- A--ASN μεγας-A1P-ASN ος- --ASN ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S εν-P ο- A--DSM *ισραηλ-N---DSM

8 και-C τελευταω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM υιος-N2--NSM *ναυη-N---GSM δουλος-N2--NSM κυριος-N2--GSM υιος-N2--NSM εκατον-M δεκα-M ετος-N3E-GPN

9 και-C θαπτω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM εν-P οριον-N2N-DSN ο- A--GSF κληρονομια-N1A-GSF αυτος- D--GSM εν-P *θαμναθαρες-N---DS εν-P ορος-N3E-DSN *εφραιμ-N---GSM απο-P βορεας-N1T-GSM ο- A--GSN ορος-N3E-GSN *γαας-N---GS

10 και-C γε-X πας-A1S-NSF ο- A--NSF γενεα-N1A-NSF εκεινος- D--NSF προςτιθημι-VCI-API3P προς-P ο- A--APM πατηρ-N3--APM αυτος- D--GPM και-C αναιστημι-VHI-AAI3S γενεα-N1A-NSF ετερος-A1A-NSF μετα-P αυτος- D--APM ος- --NPM ου-D γιγνωσκω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--ASM κυριος-N2--ASM και-C γε-X ο- A--ASN εργον-N2N-ASN ος- --ASN ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S εν-P ο- A--DSM *ισραηλ-N---DSM

11 και-C ποιεω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM ο- A--ASN πονηρος-A1A-ASN ενωπιον-P κυριος-N2--GSM και-C λατρευω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--DPM *βααλιμ-N---DPM

12 και-C εν καταλειπω-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--ASM κυριος-N2--ASM ο- A--ASM θεος-N2--ASM ο- A--GPM πατηρ-N3--GPM αυτος- D--GPM ο- A--ASM εκαγω-VB--AAPASM αυτος- D--APM εκ-P γη-N1--GSF *αιγυπτος-N2--GSF και-C πορευομαι-VCI-API3P οπισω-P θεος-N2--GPM ετερος-A1A-GPM απο-P ο- A--GPM θεος-N2--GPM ο- A--GPN εθνος-N3E-GPN ο- A--GPN περικυκλω-D αυτος- D--GPM και-C προςκυνεω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DPM και-C παραοργιζω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--ASM κυριος-N2--ASM

13 και-C εν καταλειπω-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM και-C λατρευω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--DSM *βααλ-N---DSM και-C ο- A--DPF *ασταρτη-N1--DPF

14 και-C οργιζω-VSI-API3S θυμος-N2--DSM κυριος-N2--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSM *ισραηλ-N---DSM και-C παραδιδωμι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM εις-P χειρ-N3--APF προνομευω-V1--PAPGPM και-C κατα προνομευω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--APM και-C αποδιδωμι-VOI-AMI3S αυτος- D--APM εν-P χειρ-N3--DPF ο- A--GPM εχθρος-N2--GPM αυτος- D--GPM κυκλοθεν-D και-C ου-D δυναμαι-VCI-API3P ετι-D αντιιστημι-VH--AAN κατα-P προσωπον-N2N-ASN ο- A--GPM εχθρος-N2--GPM αυτος- D--GPM

15 εν-P πας-A3--DPM ος- --DPM εκπορευομαι-V1I-IMI3P και-C χειρ-N3--NSF κυριος-N2--GSM ειμι-V9--IAI3S επι-P αυτος- D--APM εις-P κακος-A1--APN καθως-D λαλεω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM και-C καθως-D ομνυμι-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM αυτος- D--DPM και-C εκθλιβω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM σφοδρα-D

16 και-C αγειρω-V1I-IAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κριτης-N1M-APM και-C σωζω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM κυριος-N2--NSM εκ-P χειρ-N3--GSF ο- A--GPM προνομευω-V1--PAPGPM αυτος- D--APM

17 και-C γε-X ο- A--GPM κριτης-N1M-GPM ου-D υποακουω-VAI-AAI3P οτι-C εκπορνευω-VAI-AAI3P οπισω-P θεος-N2--GPM ετερος-A1A-GPM και-C προςκυνεω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DPM και-C εκκλινω-VAI-AAI3P ταχυς-A3U-ASN εκ-P ο- A--GSF οδος-N2--GSF ος- --GSF πορευομαι-VCI-API3P ο- A--NPM πατηρ-N3--NPM αυτος- D--GPM ο- A--GSN ειςακουω-V1--PAN ο- A--GPM λογος-N2--GPM κυριος-N2--GSM ου-D ποιεω-VAI-AAI3P ουτως-D

18 και-C οτι-C αγειρω-V1I-IAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM κριτης-N1M-APM αυτος- D--DPM και-C ειμι-V9--IAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM μετα-P ο- A--GSM κριτης-N1M-GSM και-C σωζω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM εκ-P χειρ-N3--GSF εχθρος-N2--GPM αυτος- D--GPM πας-A1S-APF ο- A--APF ημερα-N1A-APF ο- A--GSM κριτης-N1M-GSM οτι-C παρακαλεω-VCI-API3S κυριος-N2--NSM απο-P ο- A--GSM στεναγμος-N2--GSM αυτος- D--GPM απο-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN ο- A--GPM πολιορκεω-V2--PAPGPM αυτος- D--APM και-C εκθλιβω-V1--PAPGPM αυτος- D--APM

19 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C αποθνησκω-V1I-IAI3S ο- A--NSM κριτης-N1M-NSM και-C αποστρεφω-VAI-AAI3P και-C παλιν-D διαφθειρω-VAI-AAI3P υπερ-P ο- A--APM πατηρ-N3--APM αυτος- D--GPM πορευομαι-V1--PMN οπισω-P θεος-N2--GPM ετερος-A1A-GPM λατρευω-V1--PAN αυτος- D--DPM και-C προςκυνεω-V2--PAN αυτος- D--DPM ου-D αποριπτω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--APN επιτηδευμα-N3M-APN αυτος- D--GPM και-C ο- A--APF οδος-N2--APF αυτος- D--GPM ο- A--APF σκληρος-A1A-APF

20 και-C οργιζω-VSI-API3S θυμος-N2--DSM κυριος-N2--NSM εν-P ο- A--DSM *ισραηλ-N---DSM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αντι-P ος- --GPM οσος-A1--APN εν καταλειπω-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--NSN εθνος-N3E-NSN ουτος- D--NSN ο- A--ASF διαθηκη-N1--ASF εγω- P--GS ος- --ASF εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI1S ο- A--DPM πατηρ-N3--DPM αυτος- D--GPM και-C ου-D ειςακουω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--GSF φωνη-N1--GSF εγω- P--GS

21 και-C γε-X εγω- P--NS ου-D προςτιθημι-VF--FAI1S ο- A--GSN εκαιρω-VA--AAN ανηρ-N3--ASM εκ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN αυτος- D--GPM απο-P ο- A--GPN εθνος-N3E-GPN ος- --GPM καταλειπω-VBI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM υιος-N2--NSM *ναυη-N---GSM εν-P ο- A--DSF γη-N1--DSF και-C αποιημι-VAI-AAI3S

22 ο- A--GSN πειραζω-VA--AAN εν-P αυτος- D--DPM ο- A--ASM *ισραηλ-N---ASM ει-X φυλασσω-V1--PMI3P ο- A--ASF οδος-N2--ASF κυριος-N2--GSM πορευομαι-V1--PMN εν-P αυτος- D--DSF ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM φυλασσω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM πατηρ-N3--NPM αυτος- D--GPM η-C ου-D

23 και-C αποιημι-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--APN εθνος-N3E-APN ουτος- D--APN ο- A--GSN μη-D εκαιρω-VA--AAN αυτος- D--APN ο- A--ASN ταχος-N3E-ASN και-C ου-D παραδιδωμι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APN εν-P χειρ-N3--DSF *ιησους-N---GSM

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 12:18, 17:7, 22:11

Exodus 1:6, 8, 13:3, 9, 14, 16, 15:25, 23:33, 32:7, 8, 14

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