Judges 15



1 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S μετα-P ημερα-N1A-APF εν-P ημερα-N1A-DPF θερισμος-N2--GSM πυρα-N1A-GPF και-C επισκεπτομαι-VAI-AMI3S *σαμψων-N---NSM ο- A--ASF γυνη-N3K-ASF αυτος- D--GSM εν-P εριφος-N2--DSM αιξ-N3G-GPM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S ειςερχομαι-VF--FMI1S προς-P ο- A--ASF γυνη-N3K-ASF εγω- P--GS εις-P ο- A--ASN ταμιειον-N2N-ASN και-C ου-D διδωμι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASM ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSF ειςερχομαι-VB--AAN

2 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSF λεγω-V1--PAPNSM ειπον-VAI-AAI1S οτι-C μισεω-V2--PAPNSM μισεω-VAI-AAI2S αυτος- D--ASF και-C διδωμι-VAI-AAI1S αυτος- D--ASF εις-A3--DSM ο- A--GPM εκ-P ο- A--GPM φιλος-A1--GPM συ- P--GS μη-D ου-D ο- A--NSF αδελφη-N1--NSF αυτος- D--GSF ο- A--NSF νεος-A1A-APNC αυτος- D--GSF αγαθος-A1--APNC υπερ-P αυτος- D--ASF ειμι-V9--PAD3S δη-X συ- P--DS αντι-P αυτος- D--GSF

3 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM αθωοω-VXI-XMI1S και-C ο- A--ASN απαξ-D απο-P αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM οτι-C ποιεω-V2--PAI1S εγω- P--NS μετα-P αυτος- D--GPM πονηρια-N1A-ASF

4 και-C πορευομαι-VCI-API3S *σαμψων-N---NSM και-C συνλαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S τριακοσιοι-A1A-APF αλωπηξ-N3K-APF και-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S λαμπας-N3D-APF και-C επιστρεφω-VAI-AAI3S κερκος-N2--ASF προς-P κερκος-N2--ASF και-C τιθημι-VAI-AAI3S λαμπας-N3D-ASF εις-A1A-ASF ανα-P μεσος-A1--ASM ο- A--GPM δυο-M κερκος-N2--GPF και-C δεω-VAI-AAI3S

5 και-C εκκαιω-VAI-AAI3S πυρ-N3--ASN εν-P ο- A--DPF λαμπας-N3D-DPF και-C εκ αποστελλω-VAI-AAI3S εν-P ο- A--DPM σταχυς-N3U-DPM ο- A--GPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM και-C καιω-VAI-AAI3P απο-P αλων-N3W-GSF και-C εως-P σταχυς-N3U-GPM ορθος-A1--GPM και-C εως-P αμπελων-N3W-GSM και-C ελαια-N1A-GSF

6 και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM τις- I--NSM ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S ουτος- D--APN και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P *σαμψων-N---NSM ο- A--NSM νυμφιος-N2--NSM ο- A--GSM *θαμνι-N---GSM οτι-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--ASF γυνη-N3K-ASF αυτος- D--GSM και-C διδωμι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASF ο- A--DSM εκ-P ο- A--GPM φιλος-A1--GPM αυτος- D--GSM και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM και-C ενπιμπρημι-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASF και-C ο- A--ASM πατηρ-N3--ASM αυτος- D--GSF εν-P πυρ-N3--DSN

7 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM εαν-C ποιεω-VA--AAS2P ουτως-D ουτος- D--ASF οτι-C ει-X μην-X εκδικεω-VF--FAI1S εν-P συ- P--DP και-C εσχατος-A1--ASM κοπαζω-VF--FAI1S

8 και-C πατασσω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--APM κνημη-N1--ASF επι-P μηρος-N2--ASM πληγη-N1--ASF μεγας-A1--ASF και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S και-C καταιζω-VAI-AAI3S εν-P τρυμαλια-N1A-DSF ο- A--GSF πετρα-N1A-GSF *ηταμ-N---GS

9 και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM και-C παρα ενβαλλω-VBI-AAI3P εν-P *ιουδα-N---DSM και-C εκριπτω-VAI-AAI3P εν-P *λευι-N---DSM

10 και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P ανηρ-N3--NSM *ιουδα-N---GSM εις-P τις- I--ASN αναβαινω-VZI-AAI2P επι-P εγω- P--AP και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM δεω-VA--AAN ο- A--ASM *σαμψων-N---ASM αναβαινω-VZI-AAI1P και-C ποιεω-VA--AAN αυτος- D--DSM ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S εγω- P--DP

11 και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3P τρισχιλιοι-A1A-NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM απο-P *ιουδα-N---GSM εις-P τρυμαλια-N1A-ASF πετρα-N1A-GSF *ηταμ-N---GS και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--DSM *σαμψων-N---DSM ου-D οιδα-VX--XAI2S οτι-C κυριευω-V1--PAI3P ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM εγω- P--GP και-C τις- I--ASN ουτος- D--ASN ποιεω-VAI-AAI2S εγω- P--DP και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM ος- --ASM τροπος-N2--ASM ποιεω-VAI-AAI3P εγω- P--DS ουτως-D ποιεω-VAI-AAI1S αυτος- D--DPM

12 και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DSM δεω-VA--AAN συ- P--AS καταβαινω-VZI-AAI1P ο- A--GSN διδωμι-VO--AAN συ- P--AS εν-P χειρ-N3--DSF αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM ομνυμι-VA--AAI2P εγω- P--DS μηποτε-D συνανταω-VA--AAS2P εν-P εγω- P--DS συ- P--NP

13 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DSM λεγω-V1--PAPNPM ου-D οτι-C αλλα-C η-C δεσμος-N2--DSM δεω-VF--FAI1P συ- P--AS και-C παραδιδωμι-VF--FAI1P συ- P--AS εν-P χειρ-N3--DSF αυτος- D--GPM και-C θανατος-N2--DSM ου-D θανατοω-VF--FAI1P συ- P--AS και-C δεω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM εν-P δυο-M---DPN καλωδιον-N2N-DPN καινος-A1--DPN και-C αναφερω-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM απο-P ο- A--GSF πετρα-N1A-GSF εκεινος- D--GSF

14 και-C ερχομαι-VBI-AAI3P εως-P σιαγων-N3N-GSF και-C ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM αλαλαζω-VAI-AAI3P και-C τρεχω-VBI-AAI3P εις-P συναντησις-N3I-ASF αυτος- D--GSM και-C αλλομαι-VAI-AMI3S επι-P αυτος- D--ASM πνευμα-N3M-NSN κυριος-N2--GSM και-C γιγνομαι-VCI-API3S ο- A--NPN καλωδιον-N2N-NPN ο- A--NPN επι-P βραχιων-N3N-DPM αυτος- D--GSM ωσει-D στιππυον-N2N-NSN ος- --ASN εκκαιω-VCI-API3S εν-P πυρ-N3--DSN και-C τηκω-VAI-AAI3P δεσμος-N2--NPM αυτος- D--GSM απο-P χειρ-N3--GPF αυτος- D--GSM

15 και-C ευρισκω-VB--AAI3S σιαγων-N3N-ASF ονος-N2--GSM εκριπτω-VXI-XMPASF και-C εκτεινω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASF χειρ-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSM και-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASF και-C πατασσω-VAI-AAI3S εν-P αυτος- D--DSF χιλιοι-A1A-APM ανηρ-N3--APM

16 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S *σαμψων-N---NSM εν-P σιαγων-N3N-DSF ονος-N2--GSM εκαλειφω-V1--PAPNSM εκαλειφω-VAI-AAI1S αυτος- D--APM οτι-C εν-P ο- A--DSF σιαγων-N3N-DSF ο- A--GSM ονος-N2--GSM πατασσω-VAI-AAI1S χιλιοι-A1A-APM ανηρ-N3--APM

17 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C παυω-VAI-AMI3S λαλεω-V2--PAPNSM και-C ριπτω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASF σιαγων-N3N-ASF εκ-P ο- A--GSF χειρ-N3--GSF αυτος- D--GSM και-C καλεω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASM τοπος-N2--ASM εκεινος- D--ASM αναιρεσις-N3I-NSF σιαγων-N3N-GSF

18 και-C διψαω-VAI-AAI3S σφοδρα-D και-C κλαιω-VAI-AAI3S προς-P κυριος-N2--ASM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S συ- P--NS ευδοκεω-VA--AAI2S εν-P χειρ-N3--DSF δουλος-N2--GSM συ- P--GS ο- A--ASF σωτηρια-N1A-ASF ο- A--ASF μεγας-A1--ASF ουτος- D--ASF και-C νυν-D αποθνησκω-VF2-FMI1S ο- A--DSN διψος-N3E-DSN και-C ενπιπτω-VF2-FMI1S εν-P χειρ-N3--DSF ο- A--GPM απεριτμητος-A1B-GPM

19 και-C ρηγνυμι-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM ο- A--ASM λακκος-N2--ASM ο- A--ASM εν-P ο- A--DSF σιαγων-N3N-DSF και-C εκερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S εκ-P αυτος- D--GSM υδωρ-N3--NSN και-C πινω-VBI-AAI3S και-C επιστρεφω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSN πνευμα-N3M-NSN αυτος- D--GSM και-C ζαω-VAI-AAI3S δια-P ουτος- D--ASN καλεω-VCI-API3S ο- A--NSN ονομα-N3M-NSN αυτος- D--GSF πηγη-N1--NSF ο- A--GSM επικαλεω-V2--PMPGSM ος- --NSF ειμι-V9--PAI3S εν-P σιαγων-N3N-DSF εως-P ο- A--GSF ημερα-N1A-GSF ουτος- D--GSF

20 και-C κρινω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--ASM *ισραηλ-N---ASM εν-P ημερα-N1A-DPF αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM εικοσι-M ετος-N3E-APN

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 15: Samson defeats the Philistines.

At the beginning of this chapter, we learn that the one who gave Samson’s wife to another man was his father-in-law, who thought that Samson truly hated her. He then offered Samson her younger sister instead, saying, “Is she not better? Take her.”

Samson, enraged, took three-hundred foxes and tied them tail-to-tail in pairs, with a lit torch between them. He then released them in the Philistines’ standing grain, vineyards and olive groves to burn up their crops, as revenge for the loss of his wife. In retaliation, the Philistines went and burned her and her father. In a final act of vengeance, Samson killed very many of the Philistines, then went to dwell in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Philistines went to Judah, stating their intent to arrest Samson, and the men of Judah passed on the message to him. Samson made the Judeans promise not to kill him themselves, but only to bind him with two new ropes before giving him to the Philistines as a prisoner.

When the Philistines came, Samson broke apart the ropes, and killed a thousand of them with the jawbone of a donkey. Then he threw the jawbone away, and complained to the Lord that he was thirsty. The Lord answered his cry for help by splitting the ground where the jawbone fell, so that Samson could drink the water that flowed from it.

The final verse of this chapter tells us that Samson judged Israel twenty years.


Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman speaks to the appealing, or even enticing, nature of ‘faith alone’ spirituality, represented by the Philistines. We must stay on our guard, to ensure that we are not caught up in thinking that faith alone will save us. The father offers Samson his wife’s younger sister, saying she is even better, but Samson had already learned to be wary by that point.

The foxes, tied together with their tails lit on fire, vividly describes the twisted and destructive nature of faith alone, and the way it consumes our potential to lead a fruitful life. The Word often depicts the state of a nation or religion through a story illustrating its true nature (True Christian Religion 130)

The cycle of revenge between Samson and the Philistines represents our personal struggles during temptation and our wish to regenerate. Our whole effort during regeneration is to resist sins that might lure us in, and to maintain our intention to live the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 83[6]). The men of Judah who bind Samson represent our love for the Lord and for everything of the Lord, although this seems contradictory on a surface level. In this case, being ‘bound up’ means to be bound in our commitment to the Lord, so that we are restrained from doing evil (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 577[4]).

Samson stands for the power of the Word acting in our lives to assert what is true, to protect what must be upheld, and to defend against evils. He uses the jawbone of a donkey because a jawbone allows us to eat food (spiritually, nourishment from the Word), and also to proclaim the Lord’s truths. This gives us the power to expose and reject the belief that spirituality consists of faith alone (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 9049[6]).

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