Judges 14



1 και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S *σαμψων-N---NSM εις-P *θαμναθα-N---AS και-C οραω-VBI-AAI3S γυνη-N3K-ASF εις-P *θαμναθα-N---AS απο-P ο- A--GPF θυγατηρ-N3--GPF ο- A--GPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM

2 και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S και-C αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--DSM πατηρ-N3--DSM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--DSF μητηρ-N3--DSF αυτος- D--GSM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S γυνη-N3K-ASF οραω-VX--XAI1S εν-P *θαμναθα-N---DS απο-P ο- A--GPF θυγατηρ-N3--GPF *φυλιστιιμ-N---GPM και-C νυν-D λαμβανω-VB--AAD2P αυτος- D--ASF εγω- P--DS εις-P γυνη-N3K-ASF

3 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DSM ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--NSF μητηρ-N3--NSF αυτος- D--GSM μη-D ου-D ειμι-V9--PAI3P θυγατηρ-N3--NPF ο- A--GPM αδελφος-N2--GPM συ- P--GS και-C εκ-P πας-A3--GSM ο- A--GSM λαος-N2--GSM εγω- P--GS γυνη-N3K-NSF οτι-C συ- P--NS πορευομαι-V1--PAS3S λαμβανω-VB--AAN γυνη-N3K-ASF απο-P ο- A--GPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM ο- A--GPM απεριτμητος-A1B-GPM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S *σαμψων-N---NSM προς-P ο- A--ASM πατηρ-N3--ASM αυτος- D--GSM ουτος- D--ASF λαμβανω-VB--AAD2S εγω- P--DS οτι-C ουτος- D--NSF ευθυς-A3U-NSF εν-P οφθαλμος-N2--DPM εγω- P--GS

4 και-C ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--NSF μητηρ-N3--NSF αυτος- D--GSM ου-D γιγνωσκω-VZI-AAI3P οτι-C παρα-P κυριος-N2--GSM ειμι-V9--PAI3S οτι-C εκδικησις-N3I-ASF αυτος- D--NSM ζητεω-V2--PAI3S εκ-P ο- A--GPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-GPM και-C εν-P ο- A--DSM καιρος-N2--DSM εκεινος- D--DSM ο- A--NPM αλλοφυλος-A1B-NPM κυριευω-V1--PAPNPM εν-P *ισραηλ-N---DSM

5 και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S *σαμψων-N---NSM και-C ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--NSF μητηρ-N3--NSF αυτος- D--GSM εις-P *θαμναθα-N---AS και-C ερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S εως-P ο- A--GSM αμπελων-N3W-GSM *θαμναθα-N---GS και-C ιδου-I σκυμνος-N2--NSM λεων-N3--GSM ωρυομαι-V1--PMPNSM εις-P συναντησις-N3I-ASF αυτος- D--GSM

6 και-C αλλομαι-VAI-AMI3S επι-P αυτος- D--ASM πνευμα-N3M-ASN κυριος-N2--GSM και-C συντριβω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASM ωσει-D συντριβω-VF--FAI3S εριφος-N2--ASM και-C ουδεις-A3--ASN ειμι-V9--IAI3S εν-P ο- A--DPF χειρ-N3--DPF αυτος- D--GSM και-C ου-D αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--DSM πατηρ-N3--DSM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--DSF μητηρ-N3--DSF αυτος- D--GSM ος- --ASN ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S

7 και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3P και-C λαλεω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--DSF γυνη-N3K-DSF και-C ευθυνω-VCI-API3S εν-P οφθαλμος-N2--DPM *σαμψων-N---GSM

8 και-C υποστρεφω-VAI-AAI3S μετα-P ημερα-N1A-APF λαμβανω-VB--AAN αυτος- D--ASF και-C εκκλινω-V1I-IAI3S οραω-VB--AAN ο- A--ASN πτωμα-N3M-ASN ο- A--GSM λεων-N3--GSM και-C ιδου-I συναγωγη-N1--NSF μελισσα-N1S-GPF εν-P ο- A--DSN στομα-N3M-DSN ο- A--GSM λεων-N3--GSM και-C μελι-N3--NSN

9 και-C εκαιρεω-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--ASN εις-P χειρ-N3--APF αυτος- D--GSM και-C πορευομαι-V1I-IMI3S πορευομαι-V1--PMPNSM και-C εσθιω-V1--PAPNSM και-C πορευομαι-VCI-API3S προς-P ο- A--ASM πατηρ-N3--ASM αυτος- D--GSM και-C ο- A--ASF μητηρ-N3--ASF αυτος- D--GSM και-C διδωμι-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM και-C εσθιω-VBI-AAI3P και-C ου-D αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM οτι-C απο-P ο- A--GSN στομα-N3M-GSN ο- A--GSM λεων-N3--GSM εκαιρεω-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--ASN μελι-N3--ASN

10 και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM πατηρ-N3--NSM αυτος- D--GSM προς-P ο- A--ASF γυνη-N3K-ASF και-C ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S εκει-D *σαμψων-N---NSM ποτος-N2--ASM επτα-M ημερα-N1A-APF οτι-C ουτως-D ποιεω-V2--PAI3P ο- A--NPM νεανισκος-N2--NPM

11 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S οτε-D οραω-VBI-AAI3P αυτος- D--ASM και-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3P τριακοντα-M κλητος-A1--APM και-C ειμι-V9--IAI3P μετα-P αυτος- D--GSM

12 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM προβλημα-N3M-NSN συ- P--DP προβαλλω-V1--PMI1S εαν-C αποαγγελλω-V1--PAPNPM αποαγγελλω-VA--AAS2P αυτος- D--ASN εν-P ο- A--DPF επτα-M ημερα-N1A-DPF ο- A--GSM ποτος-N2--GSM και-C ευρισκω-VB--AAS2P διδωμι-VF--FAI1S συ- P--DP τριακοντα-M σινδων-N3N-APF και-C τριακοντα-M στολη-N1--APF ιματιον-N2N-GPN

13 και-C εαν-C μη-D δυναμαι-V6--PMS2P αποαγγελλω-VA--AAN εγω- P--DS διδωμι-VF--FAI2P συ- P--NP εγω- P--DS τριακοντα-M οθονιον-N2N-APN και-C τριακοντα-M αλλασσω-V1--PMPAPF στολη-N1--APF ιματιον-N2N-GPN και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DSM προβαλλω-V1--PMD2S ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN και-C ακουω-VF--FMI1P αυτος- D--ASN

14 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM τις- I--NSN βρωτος-A1--NSN εκερχομαι-VBI-AAI3S εκ-P βιβρωσκω-V1--PAPGSM και-C απο-P ισχυρος-A1A-GSM γλυκυς-A3U-NSN και-C ου-D δυναμαι-V6I-IMI3P αποαγγελλω-VA--AAN ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN επι-P τρεις-A3--APF ημερα-N1A-APF

15 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S εν-P ο- A--DSF ημερα-N1A-DSF ο- A--DSF τεταρτος-A1--DSF και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--DSF γυνη-N3K-DSF *σαμψων-N---NSM απαταω-VA--AAD2S δη-X ο- A--ASM ανηρ-N3--ASM συ- P--GS και-C αποαγγελλω-VA--AAD3S συ- P--DS ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN μηποτε-D κατακαιω-VA--AAS1P συ- P--AS και-C ο- A--ASM οικος-N2--ASM ο- A--GSM πατηρ-N3--GSM συ- P--GS εν-P πυρ-N3--DSN η-X εκβιαζω-VA--AAN εγω- P--AP καλεω-VX--XAI2P

16 και-C κλαιω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSF γυνη-N3K-NSF *σαμψων-N---GSM προς-P αυτος- D--ASM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S πλην-D μισεω-VX--XAI2S εγω- P--AS και-C ου-D αγαπαω-VAI-AAI2S εγω- P--AS οτι-C ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN ος- --ASN προβαλλω-VBI-AMI2S ο- A--DPM υιος-N2--DPM ο- A--GSM λαος-N2--GSM εγω- P--GS ου-D αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI2S εγω- P--DS και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DSF *σαμψων-N---NSM ει-X ο- A--DSM πατηρ-N3--DSM εγω- P--GS και-C ο- A--DSF μητηρ-N3--DSF εγω- P--GS ου-D αποαγγελλω-VXI-XAI1S συ- P--DS αποαγγελλω-VA--AAS1S

17 και-C κλαιω-VAI-AAI3S προς-P αυτος- D--ASM επι-P ο- A--APF επτα-M ημερα-N1A-APF ος- --APF ειμι-V9--IAI3S αυτος- D--DPM ο- A--NSM ποτος-N2--NSM και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S εν-P ο- A--DSF ημερα-N1A-DSF ο- A--DSF εβδομος-A1--DSF και-C αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DSF οτι-C παρα ενοχλεω-VAI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DSM και-C αυτος- D--NSF αποαγγελλω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--DPM υιος-N2--DPM ο- A--GSM λαος-N2--GSM αυτος- D--GSF

18 και-C ειπον-VAI-AAI3P αυτος- D--DSM ο- A--NPM ανηρ-N3--NPM ο- A--GSF πολις-N3I-GSF εν-P ο- A--DSF ημερα-N1A-DSF ο- A--DSF εβδομος-A1--DSF προ-P ο- A--GSN ανατελλω-VA--AAN ο- A--ASM ηλιος-N2--ASM τις- I--NSN γλυκυς-A3U-NSNC μελι-N3T-GSN και-C τις- I--ASN ισχυρος-A1A-ASNC λεων-N3--GSM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM *σαμψων-N---NSM ει-X μη-D αροτριαω-VAI-AAI2P εν-P ο- A--DSF δαμαλις-N3I-DSF εγω- P--GS ου-D αν-X γιγνωσκω-VZI-AAI2P ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN εγω- P--GS

19 και-C αλλομαι-VAI-AMI3S επι-P αυτος- D--ASM πνευμα-N3M-ASN κυριος-N2--GSM και-C καταβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εις-P *ασκαλων-N3W-ASM και-C πατασσω-VAI-AAI3S εκ-P αυτος- D--GPM τριακοντα-M ανηρ-N3--APM και-C λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--APN ιματιον-N2N-APN αυτος- D--GPM και-C διδωμι-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--APF στολη-N1--APF ο- A--DPM αποαγγελλω-VA--AAPDPM ο- A--ASN προβλημα-N3M-ASN και-C οργιζω-VSI-API3S θυμος-N2--DSM *σαμψων-N---NSM και-C αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εις-P ο- A--ASM οικος-N2--ASM ο- A--GSM πατηρ-N3--GSM αυτος- D--GSM

20 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ο- A--NSF γυνη-N3K-NSF *σαμψων-N---GSM εις-A3--DSM ο- A--GPM φιλος-A1--GPM αυτος- D--GSM ος- --GPM φιλιαζω-VAI-AAI3S

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.


The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

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