Joshua 4

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1 και-C επει-C συντελεω-VAI-AAI3S πας-A3--NSM ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM διαβαινω-V1--PAPNSM ο- A--ASM *ιορδανης-N1M-ASM και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM *ιησους-N---DSM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

2 παραλαμβανω-VB--AAPNSM ανηρ-N3--APM απο-P ο- A--GSM λαος-N2--GSM εις-A3--ASM απο-P εκαστος-A1--GSF φυλη-N1--GSF

3 συντασσω-VA--AAD2S αυτος- D--DPM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM ανααιρεω-VB--AMD2P εκ-P μεσος-A1--GSN ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM ετοιμος-A1--APM δωδεκα-M λιθος-N2--APM και-C ουτος- D--APM διακομιζω-VA--AAPNPM αμα-P συ- P--DP αυτος- D--DPM τιθημι-VE--AAD2P αυτος- D--APM εν-P ο- A--DSF στρατοπεδεια-N1A-DSF συ- P--GP ου-D εαν-C παρα ενβαλλω-VB--AAS2P εκει-D ο- A--ASF νυξ-N3--ASF

4 και-C ανακαλεω-VA--AMPNSM *ιησους-N---NSM δωδεκα-M ανηρ-N3--APM ο- A--GPM ενδοξος-A1B-GPM απο-P ο- A--GPM υιος-N2--GPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM εις-A3--ASM απο-P εκαστος-A1--GSF φυλη-N1--GSF

5 ειπον-VBI-AAI3S αυτος- D--DPM προςαγω-VB--AAD2P εμπροσθεν-P εγω- P--GS προ-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN κυριος-N2--GSM εις-P μεσος-A1--ASN ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM και-C ανααιρεω-VB--AMPNSM εκειθεν-D εκαστος-A1--NSM λιθος-N2--ASM αιρω-VA--AAD3S επι-P ο- A--GPM ωμος-N2--GPM αυτος- D--GSM κατα-P ο- A--ASM αριθμος-N2--ASM ο- A--GPF δωδεκα-M φυλη-N1--GPF ο- A--GSM *ισραηλ-N---GSM

6 ινα-C υποαρχω-V1--PAS3P συ- P--DP ουτος- D--NPM εις-P σημειον-N2--ASN κειμαι-V5--PMPASN δια-P πας-A3--GSM ινα-C οταν-D ερωταω-V3--PAS3S συ- P--AS ο- A--NSM υιος-N2--NSM συ- P--GS αυριον-D λεγω-V1--PAPNSM τις- I--NSN ειμι-V9--PAI3P ο- A--NPM λιθος-N2--NPM ουτος- D--NPM συ- P--DP

7 και-C συ- P--NS δηλοω-VF--FAI2S ο- A--DSM υιος-N2--DSM συ- P--GS λεγω-V1--PAPNSM οτι-C εκλειπω-VBI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM *ιορδανης-N1M-NSM ποταμος-N2--NSM απο-P προσωπον-N2N-GSN κιβωτος-N2--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF κυριος-N2--GSM πας-A1S-GSF ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF ως-C διαβαινω-V1I-IAI3S αυτος- D--ASM και-C ειμι-VF--FMI3P ο- A--NPM λιθος-N2--NPM ουτος- D--NPM συ- P--DP μνημοσυνον-N2N-NSN ο- A--DPM υιος-N2--DPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM εως-P ο- A--GSM αιων-N3W-GSM

8 και-C ποιεω-VAI-AAI3P ουτως-D ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM καθοτι-D εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM *ιησους-N---DSM και-C λαμβανω-VB--AAPNPM δωδεκα-M λιθος-N2--APM εκ-P μεσος-A1--GSN ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM καθαπερ-D συντασσω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM *ιησους-N---DSM εν-P ο- A--DSF συντελεια-N1A-DSF ο- A--GSF διαβασις-N3I-GSF ο- A--GPM υιος-N2--GPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C διακομιζω-VAI-AAI3P αμα-P εαυτου- D--DPM εις-P ο- A--ASF παρεμβολη-N1--ASF και-C αποτιθημι-VHI-AAI3P εκει-D

9 ιστημι-VAI-AAI3S δε-X *ιησους-N---NSM και-D αλλος- D--APM δωδεκα-M λιθος-N2--APM εν-P αυτος- D--DSM ο- A--DSM *ιορδανης-N1M-DSM εν-P ο- A--DSM γιγνομαι-VB--AMPDSM τοπος-N2--DSM υπο-P ο- A--APM πους-N3D-APM ο- A--GPM ιερευς-N3V-GPM ο- A--GPM αιρω-V1--PAPGPM ο- A--ASF κιβωτος-N2--ASF ο- A--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF κυριος-N2--GSM και-C ειμι-V9--PAI3P εκει-D εως-P ο- A--GSF σημερον-D ημερα-N1A-GSF

10 ιστημι-VXI-YAI3P δε-X ο- A--NPM ιερευς-N3V-NPM ο- A--NPM αιρω-V1--PAPNPM ο- A--ASF κιβωτος-N2--ASF ο- A--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF εν-P ο- A--DSM *ιορδανης-N1M-DSM εως-P ος- --GSM συντελεω-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM πας-A3--APN ος- --APN εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ανααγγελλω-VA--AAN ο- A--DSM λαος-N2--DSM και-C σπευδω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM και-C διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3P

11 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C συντελεω-VAI-AAI3S πας-A3--NSM ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM διαβαινω-VZ--AAN και-C διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3S ο- A--NSF κιβωτος-N2--NSF ο- A--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF κυριος-N2--GSM και-C ο- A--NPM λιθος-N2--NPM εμπροσθεν-P αυτος- D--GPM

12 και-C διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ρουβην-N---GS και-C ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *γαδ-N---GS και-C ο- A--NPM ημισυς-A3U-NPM φυλη-N1--GSF *μανασση-N---GS διασκευαζω-VT--XMPNPM εμπροσθεν-P ο- A--GPM υιος-N2--GPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM καθαπερ-D εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI3S αυτος- D--DPM *μωυσης-N1M-NSM

13 τετρακισμυριοι-A1A-NPM ευζωνος-A1B-NPM εις-P μαχη-N1--ASF διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3P εναντιον-P κυριος-N2--GSM εις-P πολεμος-N2--ASM προς-P ο- A--ASF *ιεριχω-N---GSF πολις-N3I-ASF

14 εν-P εκεινος- D--DSF ο- A--DSF ημερα-N1A-DSF αυξανω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--ASM *ιησους-N---ASM εναντιον-P πας-A3--GSN ο- A--GSN γενος-N3E-GSN *ισραηλ-N---GSM και-C φοβεω-V2I-IMI3P αυτος- D--ASM ωσπερ-D *μωυσης-N1M-ASM οσος-A1--ASM χρονος-N2--ASM ζαω-V3I-IAI3S

15 και-C ειπον-VBI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--DSM *ιησους-N---DSM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM

16 εντελλομαι-VA--AMD2S ο- A--DPM ιερευς-N3V-DPM ο- A--DPM αιρω-V1--PAPDPM ο- A--ASF κιβωτος-N2--ASF ο- A--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF ο- A--GSN μαρτυριον-N2N-GSN κυριος-N2--GSM εκβαινω-VZ--AAN εκ-P ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM

17 και-C εντελλομαι-VAI-AMI3S *ιησους-N---NSM ο- A--DPM ιερευς-N3V-DPM λεγω-V1--PAPNSM εκβαινω-VZ--AAD2P εκ-P ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM

18 και-C γιγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ως-C εκβαινω-VZI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM ιερευς-N3V-NPM ο- A--NPM αιρω-V1--PAPNPM ο- A--ASF κιβωτος-N2--ASF ο- A--GSF διαθηκη-N1--GSF κυριος-N2--GSM εκ-P ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM και-C τιθημι-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--APM πους-N3D-APM επι-P ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF ορμαω-VAI-AAI3S ο- A--NSN υδωρ-N3--NSN ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM κατα-P χωρα-N1A-ASF και-C πορευομαι-V1I-IMI3S καθα-D χθες-D και-C τριτος-A1--ASF ημερα-N1A-ASF δια-P ολος-A1--GSF ο- A--GSF κρηπις-N3D-GSF

19 και-C ο- A--NSM λαος-N2--NSM αναβαινω-VZI-AAI3S εκ-P ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM δεκατος-A1--DSF ο- A--GSM μην-N3--GSM ο- A--GSM πρωτος-A1--GSMS και-C καταστρατοπεδευω-VAI-AAI3P ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM *ισραηλ-N---GSM εν-P *γαλγαλα-N---DPF κατα-P μερος-N3E-ASN ο- A--ASN προς-P ηλιος-N2--GSM ανατολη-N1--APF απο-P ο- A--GSF *ιεριχω-N---GSF

20 και-C ο- A--APM δωδεκα-M λιθος-N2--APM ουτος- D--APM ος- --APM λαμβανω-VBI-AAI3S εκ-P ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM ιστημι-VAI-AAI3S *ιησους-N---NSM εν-P *γαλγαλα-N---DPF

21 λεγω-V1--PAPNSM οταν-D ερωταω-V3--PAS3P συ- P--AP ο- A--NPM υιος-N2--NPM συ- P--GP λεγω-V1--PAPNPM τις- I--NSN ειμι-V9--PAI3P ο- A--NPM λιθος-N2--NPM ουτος- D--NPM

22 ανααγγελλω-VA--AAD2P ο- A--DPM υιος-N2--DPM συ- P--GP οτι-C επι-P ξηρος-A1A-GSF διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3S *ισραηλ-N---NSM ο- A--ASM *ιορδανης-N1M-ASM

23 αποξηραινω-VA--AAPGSM κυριος-N2--GSM ο- A--GSM θεος-N2--GSM εγω- P--GP ο- A--ASN υδωρ-N3--ASN ο- A--GSM *ιορδανης-N1M-GSM εκ-P ο- A--GSN εμπροσθεν-P αυτος- D--GPM μεχρι-P ος- --GSM διαβαινω-VZI-AAI3P καθαπερ-D ποιεω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM εγω- P--GP ο- A--ASF ερυθρος-A1A-ASF θαλασσα-N1S-ASF ος- --ASF αποξηραινω-VAI-AAI3S κυριος-N2--NSM ο- A--NSM θεος-N2--NSM εγω- P--GP εμπροσθεν-P εγω- P--GP εως-C παραερχομαι-VBI-AAI1P

24 οπως-C γιγνωσκω-VZ--AAS3P πας-A3--NPN ο- A--NPN εθνος-N3E-NPN ο- A--GSF γη-N1--GSF οτι-C ο- A--NSF δυναμις-N3I-NSF ο- A--GSM κυριος-N2--GSM ισχυρος-A1A-NSF ειμι-V9--PAI3S και-C ινα-C συ- P--NP σεβω-V1--PMS2P κυριος-N2--ASM ο- A--ASM θεος-N2--ASM συ- P--GP εν-P πας-A3--DSM χρονος-N2--DSM


Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

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