Joshua 14



1 καί-C οὗτος- D--NPM ὁ- A--NPM κατακληρονομέω-VA--AAPNPM υἱός-N2--GPM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF γῆ-N1--DSF *χανααν-N---GS ὅς- --DPM κατακληρονομέω-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--DPM *ελεαζαρ-N---NS ὁ- A--NSM ἱερεύς-N3V-NSM καί-C *ἰησοῦς-N---NSM ὁ- A--NSM ὁ- A--GSM *ναυη-N---GS καί-C ὁ- A--NPM ἄρχων-N3--NPM πατριά-N1A-GPF φυλή-N1--GPF ὁ- A--GPM υἱός-N2--GPM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM

2 κατά-P κλῆρος-N2--APM κληρονομέω-VAI-AAI3P ὅς- --ASM τρόπος-N2--ASM ἐντέλλομαι-VAI-AMI3S κύριος-N2--NSM ἐν-P χείρ-N3--DSF *ἰησοῦς-N---GSM ὁ- A--DPF ἐννέα-M φυλή-N1--DPF καί-C ὁ- A--DSN ἥμισυς-A3U-DSN φυλή-N1--GSF

3 ἀπό-P ὁ- A--GSN πέραν-D ὁ- A--GSM *ἰορδάνης-N1M-GSM καί-C ὁ- A--DPM *λευίτης-N1M-DPM οὐ-D δίδωμι-VAI-AAI3S κλῆρος-N2--ASM ἐν-P αὐτός- D--DPM

4 ὅτι-C εἰμί-V9--IAI3P ὁ- A--NPM υἱός-N2--NPM *ιωσηφ-N---GS δύο-M φυλή-N1--NPF *μανασσή-N---NS καί-C *ἐφράιμ-N---NS καί-C οὐ-D δίδωμι-VCI-API3S μερίς-N3D-NSF ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF γῆ-N1--DSF ὁ- A--DPM *λευίτης-N1M-DPM ἀλλά-C ἤ-C πόλις-N3I-NPF καταοἰκέω-V2--PAN καί-C ὁ- A--NPN ἀποὁρίζω-VT--XMPNPN αὐτός- D--GPM ὁ- A--DPN κτῆνος-N3E-DPN καί-C ὁ- A--NPN κτῆνος-N3E-NPN αὐτός- D--GPM

5 ὅς- --ASM τρόπος-N2--ASM ἐντέλλομαι-VAI-AMI3S κύριος-N2--NSM ὁ- A--DSM *μωυσῆς-N1M-DSM οὕτως-D ποιέω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM υἱός-N2--NPM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM καί-C μερίζω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--ASF γῆ-N1--ASF

6 καί-C προςἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM υἱός-N2--NPM *ιουδα-N---GSM πρός-P *ἰησοῦς-N---ASM ἐν-P *γαλγαλ-N---DS καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S πρός-P αὐτός- D--ASM *χαλεβ-N---NS ὁ- A--NSM ὁ- A--GSM *ιεφοννη-N---GSM ὁ- A--NSM *κενεζαῖος-N2--NSM σύ- P--NS ἐπίσταμαι-V6--PMS2S ὁ- A--ASN ῥῆμα-N3M-ASN ὅς- --ASN λαλέω-VAI-AAI3S κύριος-N2--NSM πρός-P *μωυσῆς-N1M-ASM ἄνθρωπος-N2--ASM ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM περί-P ἐγώ- P--GS καί-C σύ- P--GS ἐν-P *καδης-N---DS *βαρνη-N---GS

7 τεσσαράκοντα-M γάρ-X ἔτος-N3E-GPN εἰμί-V9--IMI1S ὅτε-D ἀποστέλλω-VAI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--AS *μωυσῆς-N1M-NSM ὁ- A--NSM παῖς-N3D-NSM ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM ἐκ-P *καδης-N---GS *βαρνη-N---GS κατασκοπεύω-VA--AAN ὁ- A--ASF γῆ-N1--ASF καί-C ἀποκρίνω-VCI-API1S αὐτός- D--DSM λόγος-N2--ASM κατά-P ὁ- A--ASM νοῦς-N2C-ASM αὐτός- D--GSM

8 ὁ- A--NPM δέ-X ἀδελφός-N2--NPM ἐγώ- P--GS ὁ- A--NPM ἀναβαίνω-VZ--AAPNPM μετά-P ἐγώ- P--GS μεταἵστημι-VHI-AAI3P ὁ- A--ASF καρδία-N1A-ASF ὁ- A--GSM λαός-N2--GSM ἐγώ- P--NS δέ-X προςτίθημι-VCI-API1S ἐπιἀκολουθέω-VA--AAN κύριος-N2--DSM ὁ- A--DSM θεός-N2--DSM ἐγώ- P--GS

9 καί-C ὄμνυμι-VAI-AAI3S *μωυσῆς-N1M-NSM ἐν-P ἐκεῖνος- D--DSF ὁ- A--DSF ἡμέρα-N1A-DSF λέγω-V1--PAPNSM ὁ- A--NSF γῆ-N1--NSF ἐπί-P ὅς- --ASF ἐπιβαίνω-VZI-AAI2S σύ- P--DS εἰμί-VF--FMI3S ἐν-P κλῆρος-N2--DSM καί-C ὁ- A--DPN τέκνον-N2N-DPN σύ- P--GS εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM αἰών-N3W-ASM ὅτι-C προςτίθημι-VCI-API2S ἐπιἀκολουθέω-VA--AAN ὀπίσω-P κύριος-N2--GSM ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM ἐγώ- P--GP

10 καί-C νῦν-D διατρέφω-VAI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--AS κύριος-N2--NSM ὅς- --ASM τρόπος-N2--ASM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὗτος- D--ASN τεσσαρακοστός-A1--ASN καί-C πέμπτος-A1--ASN ἔτος-N3E-ASN ἀπό-P ὅς- --GSN λαλέω-VAI-AAI3S κύριος-N2--NSM ὁ- A--ASN ῥῆμα-N3M-ASN οὗτος- D--ASN πρός-P *μωυσῆς-N1M-ASM καί-C πορεύομαι-VCI-API3S *ἰσραήλ-N---NSM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF ἔρημος-N2--DSF καί-C νῦν-D ἰδού-I ἐγώ- P--NS σήμερον-D ὀγδοήκοντα-M καί-C πέντε-M ἔτος-N3E-GPN

11 ἔτι-D εἰμί-V9--PAI1S σήμερον-D ἰσχύς-N3U-GPF ὡσεί-D ὅτε-D ἀποστέλλω-VAI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--AS *μωυσῆς-N1M-NSM ὡσαύτως-D ἰσχύω-V1--PAI1S νῦν-D ἐκἔρχομαι-VB--AAN καί-C εἰςἔρχομαι-VB--AAN εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM πόλεμος-N2--ASM

12 καί-C νῦν-D αἰτέω-V2--PMI1S σύ- P--AS ὁ- A--ASN ὄρος-N3E-ASN οὗτος- D--ASN καθά-D εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S κύριος-N2--NSM ὁ- A--DSF ἡμέρα-N1A-DSF ἐκεῖνος- D--DSF ὅτι-C σύ- P--NS ἀκούω-VX--XAI2S ὁ- A--ASN ῥῆμα-N3M-ASN οὗτος- D--ASN ὁ- A--DSF ἡμέρα-N1A-DSF ἐκεῖνος- D--DSF νυνί-D δέ-X ὁ- A--NPM *ενακιμ-N---NPM ἐκεῖ-D εἰμί-V9--PAI3P πόλις-N3I-NPF ὀχυρός-A1A-NPF καί-C μέγας-A1--NPF ἐάν-C οὖν-X κύριος-N2--NSM μετά-P ἐγώ- P--GS εἰμί-V9--PAS3S ἐκὀλεθρεύω-VF--FAI1S αὐτός- D--APM ὅς- --ASM τρόπος-N2--ASM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--DS κύριος-N2--NSM

13 καί-C εὐλογέω-VA--AAI3S αὐτός- D--ASM *ἰησοῦς-N---NSM καί-C δίδωμι-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--ASF *χεβρων-N---ASF ὁ- A--DSM *χαλεβ-N---DSM υἱός-N2--DSM *ιεφοννη-N---GSM υἱός-N2--GSM *κενεζ-N---GS ἐν-P κλῆρος-N2--DSM

14 διά-P οὗτος- D--ASN γίγνομαι-VCI-API3S ὁ- A--NSF *χεβρων-N---NSF ὁ- A--DSM *χαλεβ-N---DSM ὁ- A--DSM ὁ- A--GSM *ιεφοννη-N---GSM ὁ- A--GSM *κενεζαῖος-N2--GSM ἐν-P κλῆρος-N2--DSM ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSF ἡμέρα-N1A-GSF οὗτος- D--GSF διά-P ὁ- A--ASN αὐτός- D--ASM ἐπιἀκολουθέω-VA--AAN ὁ- A--DSN πρόσταγμα-N3M-DSN κύριος-N2--GSM θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM

15 ὁ- A--NSN δέ-X ὄνομα-N3M-NSN ὁ- A--GSF *χεβρων-N---GSF εἰμί-V9--IAI3S ὁ- A--ASN πρότερος-A1--ASN πόλις-N3I-NSF *αρβοκ-N---GS μητρόπολις-N3I-NSF ὁ- A--GPM *ενακιμ-N---GPM οὗτος- D--NSF καί-C ὁ- A--NSF γῆ-N1--NSF κοπάζω-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--GSM πόλεμος-N2--GSM

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

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