Genesis 18

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1 ὁράω-VVI-API3S δέ-X αὐτός- D--DSM ὁ- A--NSM θεός-N2--NSM πρός-P ὁ- A--DSF δρῦς-N3U-DSF ὁ- A--DSF *μαμβρη-N---DSF καταἧμαι-V5--PMPGSM αὐτός- D--GSM ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSF θύρα-N1A-GSF ὁ- A--GSF σκηνή-N1--GSF αὐτός- D--GSM μεσημβρία-N1A-GSF

2 ἀναβλέπω-VA--AAPNSM δέ-X ὁ- A--DPM ὀφθαλμός-N2--DPM αὐτός- D--GSM ὁράω-VBI-AAI3S καί-C ἰδού-I τρεῖς-A3--NPM ἀνήρ-N3--NPM ἵστημι-VXI-YAI3P ἐπάνω-P αὐτός- D--GSM καί-C ὁράω-VB--AAPNSM προςτρέχω-VBI-AAI3S εἰς-P συνάντησις-N3I-ASF αὐτός- D--DPM ἀπό-P ὁ- A--GSF θύρα-N1A-GSF ὁ- A--GSF σκηνή-N1--GSF αὐτός- D--GSM καί-C προςκυνέω-VAI-AAI3S ἐπί-P ὁ- A--ASF γῆ-N1--ASF

3 καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S κύριος-N2--VSM εἰ-C ἄρα-X εὑρίσκω-VB--AAI1S χάρις-N3--ASF ἐναντίον-P σύ- P--GS μή-D παραἔρχομαι-VB--AAS2S ὁ- A--ASM παῖς-N3D-ASM σύ- P--GS

4 λαμβάνω-VV--APD3S δή-X ὕδωρ-N3--NSN καί-C νίπτω-VA--AAD3P ὁ- A--APM πούς-N3D-APM σύ- P--GP καί-C καταψύχω-VA--AAD2P ὑπό-P ὁ- A--ASN δένδρον-N2N-ASN

5 καί-C λαμβάνω-VF--FMI1S ἄρτος-N2--ASM καί-C ἐσθίω-VA--AMD2P καί-C μετά-P οὗτος- D--ASN παραἔρχομαι-VF--FMI2P εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASF ὁδός-N2--ASF σύ- P--GP ὅς- --GSM εἵνεκεν-P ἐκκλίνω-VAI-AAI2P πρός-P ὁ- A--ASM παῖς-N3D-ASM σύ- P--GP καί-C εἶπον-VAI-AAI3P οὕτως-D ποιέω-VA--AAD2S καθώς-D εἶπον-VX--XAI2S

6 καί-C σπεύδω-VAI-AAI3S *αβρααμ-N---NSM ἐπί-P ὁ- A--ASF σκηνή-N1--ASF πρός-P *σαρρα-N---ASF καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--DSF σπεύδω-VA--AAD2S καί-C φυράω-VA--AAD2S τρεῖς-A3--APN μέτρον-N2N-APN σεμίδαλις-N3I-GSF καί-C ποιέω-VA--AAD2S ἐγκρυφίας-N1T-APM

7 καί-C εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF βοῦς-N3--APF τρέχω-VBI-AAI3S *αβρααμ-N---NSM καί-C λαμβάνω-VBI-AAI3S μοσχάριον-N2N-ASN ἁπαλός-A1--ASN καί-C καλός-A1--ASN καί-C δίδωμι-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--DSM παῖς-N3D-DSM καί-C ταχύνω-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--GSN ποιέω-VA--AAN αὐτός- D--ASN

8 λαμβάνω-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X βούτυρον-N2N-ASN καί-C γάλα-N3--ASN καί-C ὁ- A--ASN μοσχάριον-N2N-ASN ὅς- --ASN ποιέω-VAI-AAI3S καί-C παρατίθημι-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--DPM καί-C ἐσθίω-VBI-AAI3P αὐτός- D--NSM δέ-X παραἵστημι-VXI-YAI3S αὐτός- D--DPM ὑπό-P ὁ- A--ASN δένδρον-N2N-ASN

9 εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X πρός-P αὐτός- D--ASM ποῦ-D *σαρρα-N---NSF ὁ- A--NSF γυνή-N3K-NSF σύ- P--GS ὁ- A--NSM δέ-X ἀποκρίνω-VC--APPNSM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S ἰδού-I ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF σκηνή-N1--DSF

10 εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X ἐπι ἀναστρέφω-V1--PAPNSM ἥκω-VF--FAI1S πρός-P σύ- P--AS κατά-P ὁ- A--ASM καιρός-N2--ASM οὗτος- D--ASM εἰς-P ὥρα-N1A-APF καί-C ἔχω-VF--FAI3S υἱός-N2--ASM *σαρρα-N---NSF ὁ- A--NSF γυνή-N3K-NSF σύ- P--GS *σαρρα-N---NSF δέ-X ἀκούω-VAI-AAI3S πρός-P ὁ- A--DSF θύρα-N1A-DSF ὁ- A--GSF σκηνή-N1--GSF εἰμί-V9--PAPNSF ὄπισθε-D αὐτός- D--GSM

11 *αβρααμ-N---NSM δέ-X καί-C *σαρρα-N---NSF πρεσβύτερος-A1A-NPMC προβαίνω-VX--XAPNPM ἡμέρα-N1A-GPF ἐκλείπω-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X *σαρρα-N---NSF γίγνομαι-V1--PMN ὁ- A--APN γυναικεῖος-A1A-APN

12 γελάω-VAI-AAI3S δέ-X *σαρρα-N---NSF ἐν-P ἑαυτοῦ- D--DSF λέγω-V1--PAPNSF οὔπω-D μέν-X ἐγώ- P--DS γίγνομαι-VX--XAI3S ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSN νῦν-D ὁ- A--NSM δέ-X κύριος-N2--NSM ἐγώ- P--GS πρεσβύτερος-A1A-NSMC

13 καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S κύριος-N2--NSM πρός-P *αβρααμ-N---ASM τίς- I--ASN ὅτι-C γελάω-VAI-AAI3S *σαρρα-N---NSF ἐν-P ἑαυτοῦ- D--DSF λέγω-V1--PAPNSF ἆρα-X γέ-X ἀληθῶς-D τίκτω-VF--FMI1S ἐγώ- P--NS δέ-X γηράσκω-VX--XAI1S

14 μή-D ἀδυνατέω-V2--PAI3S παρά-P ὁ- A--DSM θεός-N2--DSM ῥῆμα-N3M-NSN εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM καιρός-N2--ASM οὗτος- D--ASM ἀναστρέφω-VF--FAI1S πρός-P σύ- P--AS εἰς-P ὥρα-N1A-APF καί-C εἰμί-VF--FMI3S ὁ- A--DSF *σαρρα-N---DSF υἱός-N2--NSM

15 ἀρνέομαι-VAI-AMI3S δέ-X *σαρρα-N---NSF λέγω-V1--PAPNSF οὐ-D γελάω-VAI-AAI1S φοβέω-VCI-API3S γάρ-X καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D ἀλλά-C γελάω-VAI-AAI2S

16 ἐκ ἀναἵστημι-VH--AAPNPM δέ-X ἐκεῖθεν-D ὁ- A--NPM ἀνήρ-N3--NPM καταβλέπω-VAI-AAI3P ἐπί-P πρόσωπον-N2N-ASN *σοδομα-N1--GS καί-C *γομορρα-N---GS *αβρααμ-N---NSM δέ-X συνπορεύομαι-V1I-IMI3S μετά-P αὐτός- D--GPM συν προπέμπω-V1--PAPNSM αὐτός- D--APM

17 ὁ- A--NSM δέ-X κύριος-N2--NSM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S μή-D κρύπτω-VF--FAI1S ἐγώ- P--NS ἀπό-P *αβρααμ-N---GSM ὁ- A--GSM παῖς-N3D-GSM ἐγώ- P--GS ὅς- --APN ἐγώ- P--NS ποιέω-V2--PAI1S

18 *αβρααμ-N---NSM δέ-X γίγνομαι-V1--PMPNSM εἰμί-VF--FMI3S εἰς-P ἔθνος-N3E-ASN μέγας-A1P-ASN καί-C πολύς-A1P-ASN καί-C ἐνεὐλογέω-VC--FPI3P ἐν-P αὐτός- D--DSM πᾶς-A3--NPN ὁ- A--NPN ἔθνος-N3E-NPN ὁ- A--GSF γῆ-N1--GSF

19 οἶδα-VXI-YAI3S γάρ-X ὅτι-C συντάσσω-VF--FAI3S ὁ- A--DPM υἱός-N2--DPM αὐτός- D--GSM καί-C ὁ- A--DSM οἶκος-N2--DSM αὐτός- D--GSM μετά-P αὐτός- D--ASM καί-C φυλάσσω-VF--FAI3P ὁ- A--APF ὁδός-N2--APF κύριος-N2--GSM ποιέω-V2--PAN δικαιοσύνη-N1--ASF καί-C κρίσις-N3I-ASF ὅπως-C ἄν-X ἐπιἄγω-VB--AAS3S κύριος-N2--NSM ἐπί-P *αβρααμ-N---ASM πᾶς-A3--APN ὅσος-A1--APN λαλέω-VAI-AAI3S πρός-P αὐτός- D--ASM

20 εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X κύριος-N2--NSM κραυγή-N1--NSF *σοδομα-N1--GS καί-C *γομορρα-N---GS πληθύνω-VM--XMI3S καί-C ὁ- A--NPF ἁμαρτία-N1A-NPF αὐτός- D--GPM μέγας-A1--NPF σφόδρα-D

21 καταβαίνω-VZ--AAPNSM οὖν-X ὁράω-VF--FMI1S εἰ-C κατά-P ὁ- A--ASF κραυγή-N1--ASF αὐτός- D--GPM ὁ- A--ASF ἔρχομαι-V1--PMPASF πρός-P ἐγώ- P--AS συντελέω-V2--PMI3P εἰ-C δέ-X μή-D ἵνα-C γιγνώσκω-VZ--AAS1S

22 καί-C ἀποστρέφω-VA--AAPNPM ἐκεῖθεν-D ὁ- A--NPM ἀνήρ-N3--NPM ἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3P εἰς-P *σοδομα-N1--AS *αβρααμ-N---NSM δέ-X εἰμί-V9--IAI3S ἵστημι-VXI-XAPNSM ἐναντίον-P κύριος-N2--GSM

23 καί-C ἐγγίζω-VA--AAPNSM *αβρααμ-N---NSM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S μή-D συν ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS2S δίκαιος-A1A-ASM μετά-P ἀσεβής-A3H-GSM καί-C εἰμί-VF--FMI3S ὁ- A--NSM δίκαιος-A1A-NSM ὡς-C ὁ- A--NSM ἀσεβής-A3H-NSM

24 ἐάν-C εἰμί-V9--PAS3P πεντήκοντα-M δίκαιος-A1A-NPM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF πόλις-N3I-DSF ἀποὀλλύω-VF2-FAI2S αὐτός- D--APM οὐ-D ἀναἵημι-VF--FAI2S πᾶς-A3--ASM ὁ- A--ASM τόπος-N2--ASM ἕνεκεν-P ὁ- A--GPM πεντήκοντα-M δίκαιος-A1A-GPM ἐάν-C εἰμί-V9--PAS3P ἐν-P αὐτός- D--DSF

25 μηδαμῶς-D σύ- P--NS ποιέω-VF--FAI2S ὡς-C ὁ- A--ASN ῥῆμα-N3M-ASN οὗτος- D--ASN ὁ- A--GSN ἀποκτείνω-VA--AAN δίκαιος-A1A-ASM μετά-P ἀσεβής-A3H-GSM καί-C εἰμί-VF--FMI3S ὁ- A--NSM δίκαιος-A1A-NSM ὡς-C ὁ- A--NSM ἀσεβής-A3H-NSM μηδαμῶς-D ὁ- A--NSM κρίνω-V1--PAPNSM πᾶς-A1S-ASF ὁ- A--ASF γῆ-N1--ASF οὐ-D ποιέω-VF--FAI2S κρίσις-N3I-ASF

26 εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X κύριος-N2--NSM ἐάν-C εὑρίσκω-VB--AAS1S ἐν-P *σοδομα-N1--DS πεντήκοντα-M δίκαιος-A1A-APM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF πόλις-N3I-DSF ἀποἵημι-VF--FAI1S πᾶς-A3--ASM ὁ- A--ASM τόπος-N2--ASM διά-P αὐτός- D--APM

27 καί-C ἀποκρίνω-VC--APPNSM *αβρααμ-N---NSM εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S νῦν-D ἄρχω-VAI-AMI1S λαλέω-VA--AAN πρός-P ὁ- A--ASM κύριος-N2--ASM ἐγώ- P--NS δέ-X εἰμί-V9--PAI1S γῆ-N1--NSF καί-C σποδός-N2--NSM

28 ἐάν-C δέ-X ἐλαττονόω-VC--APS3P ὁ- A--NPM πεντήκοντα-M δίκαιος-A1A-NPM πέντε-M ἀποὀλλύω-VF2-FAI2S ἕνεκεν-P ὁ- A--GPM πέντε-M πᾶς-A1S-ASF ὁ- A--ASF πόλις-N3I-ASF καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D μή-D ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS1S ἐάν-C εὑρίσκω-VB--AAS1S ἐκεῖ-D τεσσαράκοντα-M πέντε-M

29 καί-C προςτίθημι-VAI-AAI3S ἔτι-D λαλέω-VA--AAN πρός-P αὐτός- D--ASM καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S ἐάν-C δέ-X εὑρίσκω-VC--APS3P ἐκεῖ-D τεσσαράκοντα-M καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D μή-D ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS1S ἕνεκεν-P ὁ- A--GPM τεσσαράκοντα-M

30 καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S μή-D τις- I--NSN κύριος-N2--VSM ἐάν-C λαλέω-VA--AAS1S ἐάν-C δέ-X εὑρίσκω-VC--APS3P ἐκεῖ-D τριάκοντα-M καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D μή-D ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS1S ἐάν-C εὑρίσκω-VB--AAS1S ἐκεῖ-D τριάκοντα-M

31 καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S ἐπειδή-C ἔχω-V1--PAI1S λαλέω-VA--AAN πρός-P ὁ- A--ASM κύριος-N2--ASM ἐάν-C δέ-X εὑρίσκω-VC--APS3P ἐκεῖ-D εἴκοσι-M καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D μή-D ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS1S ἕνεκεν-P ὁ- A--GPM εἴκοσι-M

32 καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S μή-D τις- I--ASN κύριος-N2--VSM ἐάν-C λαλέω-VA--AAS1S ἔτι-D ἅπαξ-D ἐάν-C δέ-X εὑρίσκω-VC--APS3P ἐκεῖ-D δέκα-M καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S οὐ-D μή-D ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAS1S ἕνεκεν-P ὁ- A--GPM δέκα-M

33 ἀποἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3S δέ-X κύριος-N2--NSM ὡς-C παύω-VAI-AMI3S λαλέω-V2--PAPNSM ὁ- A--DSM *αβρααμ-N---DSM καί-C *αβρααμ-N---NSM ἀποστρέφω-VAI-AAI3S εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM τόπος-N2--ASM αὐτός- D--GSM

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.