Daniel 7

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1 ἔτος-N3E-GSN πρῶτος-A1--GSNS βασιλεύω-V1--PAPGSM *βαλτασαρ-N---GSM χώρα-N1A-GSF *βαβυλωνία-N1A-GSF *δανιηλ-N---NSM ὅραμα-N3M-ASN ὁράω-VBI-AAI3S παρά-P κεφαλή-N1--ASF ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSF κοίτη-N1--GSF αὐτός- D--GSM τότε-D *δανιηλ-N---NSM ὁ- A--ASN ὅραμα-N3M-ASN ὅς- --ASN ὁράω-VBI-AAI3S γράφω-VAI-AAI3S εἰς-P κεφάλαιον-N2N-APN λόγος-N2--GPM

2 ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSF κοίτη-N1--GSF ἐγώ- P--GS θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S κατά-P ὕπνος-N2--APM νύξ-N3--GSF καί-C ἰδού-I τέσσαρες-A3--NPM ἄνεμος-N2--NPM ὁ- A--GSM οὐρανός-N2--GSM ἐνπίπτω-VBI-AAI3P εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASF θάλασσα-N1S-ASF ὁ- A--ASF μέγας-A1--ASF

3 καί-C τέσσαρες-A3--NPN θηρίον-N2N-NPN ἀναβαίνω-V1I-IAI3P ἐκ-P ὁ- A--GSF θάλασσα-N1S-GSF διαφέρω-V1--PAPNPN εἷς-A3--ASN παρά-P ὁ- A--ASN εἷς-A3--ASN

4 ὁ- A--NSN πρῶτος-A1--NSNS ὡσεί-D λέαινα-N1A-NSF ἔχω-V1--PAPNSF πτερόν-N2N-APN ὡσεί-D ἀετός-N2--GSM θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S ἕως-P ὅστις- X--GSN τίλλω-VBI-API3S ὁ- A--NPN πτερόν-N2N-NPN αὐτός- D--GSF καί-C αἴρω-VCI-API3S ἀπό-P ὁ- A--GSF γῆ-N1--GSF καί-C ἐπί-P πούς-N3D-GPM ἀνθρώπινος-A1--GPM ἵστημι-VCI-API3S καί-C ἀνθρώπινος-A1--NSF καρδία-N1A-NSF δίδωμι-VCI-API3S αὐτός- D--DSF

5 καί-C ἰδού-I μετά-P αὐτός- D--ASF ἄλλος- D--ASN θηρίον-N2N-ASN ὁμοίωσις-N3I-ASF ἔχω-V1--PAPASN ἄρκος-N2--GSM καί-C ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSN εἷς-A3--GSN πλευρόν-N2N-GSN ἵστημι-VCI-API3S καί-C τρεῖς-A3--NPN πλευρόν-N2N-NPN εἰμί-V9I-IAI3S ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSN στόμα-N3M-DSN αὐτός- D--GSF καί-C οὕτως-D εἶπον-VBI-AAI3S ἀναἵστημι-VH--AAD2S καταἐσθίω-VB--AAD2S σάρξ-N3K-APF πολύς-A1--APF

6 καί-C μετά-P οὗτος- D--APN θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S θηρίον-N2N-ASN ἄλλος- D--ASN ὡσεί-D πάρδαλις-N3I-ASF καί-C πτερόν-N2N-NPN τέσσαρες-A3--NPN ἐπιτεινώ-V1--IAI3P ἐπάνω-P αὐτός- D--GSN καί-C τέσσαρες-A3--NPF κεφαλή-N1--NPF ὁ- A--DSN θηρίον-N2N-DSN καί-C γλῶσσα-N1S-NSF δίδωμι-VCI-API3S αὐτός- D--DSN

7 μετά-P δέ-X οὗτος- D--APN θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S ἐν-P ὅραμα-N3M-DSN ὁ- A--GSF νύξ-N3--GSF θηρίον-N2N-ASN τέταρτος-A1--ASN φοβερός-A1A-ASN καί-C ὁ- A--NSM φόβος-N2--NSM αὐτός- D--GSN ὑπερφέρω-V1--PAPNSM ἰσχύς-N3U-DSF ἔχω-V1--PAPASN ὀδούς-N3--APM σιδηροῦς-A1C-APM μέγας-A1--APM ἐσθίω-V1--PAPASN καί-C κοπανίζω-V1--PAPASN κύκλος-N2--DSM ὁ- A--DPM πούς-N3D-DPM καταπατέω-V2--PAPASN διαφόρως-D χράομαι-V3--PMPASN παρά-P πᾶς-A3--APN ὁ- A--APN πρό-P αὐτός- D--GSN θηρίον-N2N-APN ἔχω-V1I-IAI3S δέ-X κέρας-N3T-APN δέκα-M

8 καί-C βουλή-N1--NPF πολύς-A1--NPF ἐν-P ὁ- A--DPN κέρας-N3T-DPN αὐτός- D--GSN καί-C ἰδού-I ἄλλος- D--NSN εἷς-A3--NSN κέρας-N3T-NSN ἀναφύω-VDI-API3S ἀνά-P μέσος-A1--ASM αὐτός- D--GPN μικρός-A1A-NSN ἐν-P ὁ- A--DPN κέρας-N3T-DPN αὐτός- D--GSN καί-C τρεῖς-A3--NPN ὁ- A--GPN κέρας-N3T-GPN ὁ- A--GPN πρῶτος-A1--GPNS ξηραίνω-VCI-API3P διά-P αὐτός- D--GSN καί-C ἰδού-I ὀφθαλμός-N2--NPM ὥσπερ-D ὀφθαλμός-N2--NPM ἀνθρώπινος-A1--NPM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSN κέρας-N3T-DSN οὗτος- D--DSN καί-C στόμα-N3M-NSN λαλέω-V2--PAPNSN μέγας-A1--APN καί-C ποιέω-V2I-IAI3S πόλεμος-N2--ASM πρός-P ὁ- A--APM ἅγιος-A1A-APM

9 θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S ἕως-C ὅτε-D θρόνος-N2--NPM τίθημι-VCI-API3P καί-C παλαιός-A1A-NSM ἡμέρα-N1A-GPF καταἧμαι-V1I-IMI3S ἔχω-V1--PAPNSM περιβολή-N1--ASF ὡσεί-D χιών-N3N-ASF καί-C ὁ- A--ASN τρίχωμα-N3M-ASN ὁ- A--GSF κεφαλή-N1--GSF αὐτός- D--GSM ὡσεί-D ἔριον-N2N-NSN λευκός-A1--NSN καθαρός-A1A-NSN ὁ- A--NSM θρόνος-N2--NSM ὡσεί-D φλόξ-N3G-NSF πῦρ-N3--GSN

10 καί-C ἐκπορεύομαι-V1I-IMI3S κατά-P πρόσωπον-N2N-ASN αὐτός- D--GSM ποταμός-N2--NSM πῦρ-N3--GSN χίλιοι-A1A-NPF χιλιάς-N3D-NPF θεραπεύω-V1I-IAI3P αὐτός- D--ASM καί-C μύριοι-A1A-NPF μυριάς-N3D-NPF παραἵστημι-VXI-YAI3P αὐτός- D--DSM καί-C κριτήριον-N2N-NSN καταἵζω-VAI-AAI3S καί-C βίβλος-N2--NPF ἀναοἴγω-VQI-API3P

11 θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S τότε-D ὁ- A--ASF φωνή-N1--ASF ὁ- A--GPM λόγος-N2--GPM ὁ- A--GPM μέγας-A1--GPM ὅς- --GPM ὁ- A--NSN κέρας-N3T-NSN λαλέω-V2I-IAI3S καί-C ἀποτυμπανίζω-VSI-API3S ὁ- A--NSN θηρίον-N2N-NSN καί-C ἀποὀλλύω-VBI-AMI3S ὁ- A--NSN σῶμα-N3M-NSN αὐτός- D--GSN καί-C δίδωμι-VCI-API3S εἰς-P καῦσις-N3I-ASF πῦρ-N3--GSN

12 καί-C ὁ- A--APM κύκλος-N2--DSM αὐτός- D--GSN ἀποἵστημι-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--GSF ἐξουσία-N1A-GSF αὐτός- D--GPN καί-C χρόνος-N2--NSM ζωή-N1--GSF δίδωμι-VCI-API3S αὐτός- D--DPN ἕως-P χρόνος-N2--GSM καί-C καιρός-N2--GSM

13 θεωρέω-V2I-IAI1S ἐν-P ὅραμα-N3M-DSN ὁ- A--GSF νύξ-N3--GSF καί-C ἰδού-I ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GPF νεφέλη-N1--GPF ὁ- A--GSM οὐρανός-N2--GSM ὡς-C υἱός-N2--NSM ἄνθρωπος-N2--GSM ἔρχομαι-V1I-IMI3S καί-C ὡς-C παλαιός-A1A-NSM ἡμέρα-N1A-GPF παραεἰμί-V9--IAI3S καί-C ὁ- A--NPM παραἵστημι-VXI-XAPNPM παραεἰμί-V9--IAI3P αὐτός- D--DSM

14 καί-C δίδωμι-VCI-API3S αὐτός- D--DSM ἐξουσία-N1A-NSF καί-C πᾶς-A3--NPN ὁ- A--NPN ἔθνος-N3E-NPN ὁ- A--GSF γῆ-N1--GSF κατά-P γένος-N3E-APN καί-C πᾶς-A1S-NSF δόξα-N1S-NSF αὐτός- D--DSM λατρεύω-V1--PAPNSF καί-C ὁ- A--NSF ἐξουσία-N1A-NSF αὐτός- D--GSM ἐξουσία-N1A-NSF αἰώνιος-A1B-NSF ὅστις- X--NSF οὐ-D μή-D αἴρω-VC--APS3S καί-C ὁ- A--NSF βασιλεία-N1A-NSF αὐτός- D--GSM ὅστις- X--NSF οὐ-D μή-D φθείρω-VD--APS3S

15 καί-C ἀκηδιάω-VA--AAPNSM ἐγώ- P--NS *δανιηλ-N---NSM ἐν-P οὗτος- D--DPN ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSN ὅραμα-N3M-DSN ὁ- A--GSF νύξ-N3--GSF

16 προςἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI1S πρός-P εἷς-A3--ASM ὁ- A--GPM ἵστημι-VXI-XAPGPM καί-C ὁ- A--ASF ἀκρίβεια-N1A-ASF ζητέω-V2I-IAI1S παρά-P αὐτός- D--GSM ὑπέρ-P πᾶς-A3--GPN οὗτος- D--GPN ἀποκρίνω-VC--APPNSM δέ-X λέγω-V1--PAI3S ἐγώ- P--DS καί-C ὁ- A--ASF κρίσις-N3I-ASF ὁ- A--GPM λόγος-N2--GPM δηλόω-VAI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--DS

17 οὗτος- D--NPN ὁ- A--NPN θηρίον-N2N-NPN ὁ- A--NPN μέγας-A1--APN εἰμί-V9--PAI3P τέσσαρες-A3--NPM βασιλεία-N1A-NPF ὅς- --NPF ἀποὀλλύω-VF2-FMI3P ἀπό-P ὁ- A--GSF γῆ-N1--GSF

18 καί-C παραλαμβάνω-VF--FMI3P ὁ- A--ASF βασιλεία-N1A-ASF ἅγιος-A1A-NPM ὕψιστος-A1--GSM καί-C καταἔχω-VF--FAI3P ὁ- A--ASF βασιλεία-N1A-ASF ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSM αἰών-N3W-GSM καί-C ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSM αἰών-N3W-GSM ὁ- A--GPM αἰών-N3W-GPM

19 τότε-D θέλω-V1I-IAI1S ἐκἀκριβάζομαι-VC--AMN περί-P ὁ- A--GSN θηρίον-N2N-GSN ὁ- A--GSN τέταρτος-A1--GSN ὁ- A--GSN διαφθείρω-V1--PAPGSN πᾶς-A3--APN καί-C ὑπερφόβος-A1B-GSN καί-C ἰδού-I ὁ- A--NPM ὀδούς-N3--NPM αὐτός- D--GSN σιδηροῦς-A1C-NPM καί-C ὁ- A--NPM ὄνυξ-N3--NPM αὐτός- D--GSN χαλκοῦς-A1C-NPM καταεσθίω-V1--PAPNPM πᾶς-A3--APM κυκλόθεν-D καί-C καταπατέω-V2--PAPNPM ὁ- A--DPM πούς-N3D-DPM

20 καί-C περί-P ὁ- A--GPN δέκα-M κέρας-N3T-GPN αὐτός- D--GSN ὁ- A--GPN ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSF κεφαλή-N1--GSF καί-C ὁ- A--GSN εἷς-A3--GSN ὁ- A--GSN ἄλλος- D--GSN ὁ- A--GSN προςφύω-V1--PAPGSN καί-C ἐκπίπτω-VAI-AAI3P διά-P αὐτός- D--GSN τρεῖς-A3--NPN καί-C ὁ- A--NSN κέρας-N3T-NSN ἐκεῖνος- D--NSN ἔχω-V1I-IAI3S ὀφθαλμός-N2--APM καί-C στόμα-N3M-ASN λαλέω-V2--PAPASN μέγας-A1--APN καί-C ὁ- A--NSF πρόσοψις-N3I-NSF αὐτός- D--GSN ὑπερφέρω-V1I-IAI3S ὁ- A--APN ἄλλος-A1--APN

21 καί-C κατανοέω-V2I-IAI1S ὁ- A--ASN κέρας-N3T-ASN ἐκεῖνος- D--ASN πόλεμος-N2--ASM συνἵστημι-V6--PMPASN πρός-P ὁ- A--APM ἅγιος-A1A-APM καί-C τροπόω-V4--PAPASN αὐτός- D--APM

22 ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSN ἔρχομαι-VB--AAN ὁ- A--ASM παλαιός-A1A-ASM ἡμέρα-N1A-GPF καί-C ὁ- A--ASF κρίσις-N3I-ASF δίδωμι-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--DPM ἅγιος-A1A-DPM ὁ- A--GSM ὕψιστος-A1--GSM καί-C ὁ- A--NSM καιρός-N2--NSM δίδωμι-VCI-API3S καί-C ὁ- A--ASN βασίλειον-N2N-ASN καταἔχω-VBI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM ἅγιος-A1A-NPM

23 καί-C εἶπον-VCI-API3S ἐγώ- P--DS περί-P ὁ- A--GSN θηρίον-N2N-GSN ὁ- A--GSN τέταρτος-A1--GSN ὅτι-C βασιλεία-N1A-NSF τέταρτος-A1--NSF εἰμί-VF--FMI3S ἐπί-P ὁ- A--GSF γῆ-N1--GSF ὅστις- X--NSF διαφέρω-VF--FAI3S παρά-P πᾶς-A1S-ASF ὁ- A--ASF γῆ-N1--ASF καί-C ἀναστατόω-VF--FAI3S αὐτός- D--ASF καί-C καταλεαίνω-VF2-FAI3S αὐτός- D--ASF

24 καί-C ὁ- A--NPN δέκα-M κέρας-N3T-NPN ὁ- A--GSF βασιλεία-N1A-GSF δέκα-M βασιλεύς-N3V-NPM ἵστημι-VF--FMI3P καί-C ὁ- A--NSM ἄλλος- D--NSM βασιλεύς-N3V-NSM μετά-P οὗτος- D--APM ἵστημι-VF--FMI3S καί-C αὐτός- D--NSM διαφέρω-VF--FAI3S κακός-A1--DPN ὑπέρ-P ὁ- A--APM πρῶτος-A1--APMS καί-C τρεῖς-A3--APM βασιλεύς-N3V-APM ταπεινόω-VF--FAI3S

25 καί-C ῥῆμα-N3M-APN εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM ὕψιστος-A1--ASM λαλέω-VF--FAI3S καί-C ὁ- A--APM ἅγιος-A1A-APM ὁ- A--GSM ὕψιστος-A1--GSM κατατρίβω-VF--FAI3S καί-C προςδέχομαι-VF--FMI3S ἀλλοιόω-VA--AAN καιρός-N2--APM καί-C νόμος-N2--ASM καί-C παραδίδωμι-VC--FPI3S πᾶς-A3--APN εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF χείρ-N3--APF αὐτός- D--GSM ἕως-P καιρός-N2--GSM καί-C καιρός-N2--GPM καί-C ἕως-P ἥμισυς-A3U-GSM καιρός-N2--GSM

26 καί-C ὁ- A--NSF κρίσις-N3I-NSF καταἵζω-VF--FMI3S καί-C ὁ- A--ASF ἐξουσία-N1A-ASF ἀποὀλλύω-VF2-FAI3P καί-C βουλεύω-VF--FMI3P μιαίνω-VA--AAN καί-C ἀποὀλλύω-VA--AAN ἕως-P τέλος-N3E-GSN

27 καί-C ὁ- A--ASF βασιλεία-N1A-ASF καί-C ὁ- A--ASF ἐξουσία-N1A-ASF καί-C ὁ- A--ASF μεγαλειότης-N3T-ASF αὐτός- D--GPM καί-C ὁ- A--ASF ἀρχή-N1--ASF πᾶς-A1S-GPF ὁ- A--GPF ὑπό-P ὁ- A--ASM οὐρανός-N2--ASM βασιλεία-N1A-GPF δίδωμι-VAI-AAI3S λαός-N2--DSM ἅγιος-A1A-DSM ὕψιστος-A1--GSM βασιλεύω-VA--AAN βασιλεία-N1A-ASF αἰώνιος-A1B-ASF καί-C πᾶς-A1S-NPF ὁ- A--NPF ἐξουσία-N1A-NPF αὐτός- D--DSM ὑποτάσσω-VD--FPI3P καί-C πειθαρχέω-VF--FAI3P αὐτός- D--DSM

28 ἕως-P καταστροφή-N1--GSF ὁ- A--GSM λόγος-N2--GSM ἐγώ- P--NS *δανιηλ-N---NSM σφόδρα-D ἔκστασις-N3I-DSF περιἔχω-V1I-IMI1S καί-C ὁ- A--NSF ἕξις-N3I-NSF ἐγώ- P--GS διαφέρω-VAI-AAI3S ἐγώ- P--DS καί-C ὁ- A--ASN ῥῆμα-N3M-ASN ἐν-P καρδία-N1A-DSF ἐγώ- P--GS στηρίζω-VAI-AAI1S

  
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Daniel's First Vision: 4 Beasts and the Little Horn      

Napsal(a) Rev. Dr. Andrew M. T. Dibb

Woodcut

This opening verse of the prophecies of Daniel has a resounding similarity to the opening verses of most of the preceding chapters of the book of Daniel. Like them, it places the vision in a context, we are shown the point of our regeneration at which the Lord is directing us: the first year of Belshazzar, king of Babylon.

In the internal sense, time is an indication of state. This means that the events and prophecies of Daniel do not follow in a strict chronological order, but rather happen on different levels at the same time. While Nebuchadnezzar is king of Babylon, representing selfishness in our inner self, Belshazzar rules our outer self. The work of overcoming selfish motives has to go hand in hand with the removal of that very selfishness in our external—otherwise the exercise is purely intellectual. Daniel’s visions in the last six chapters of the book, indicate the process by which we become aware of the effects of selfishness in our daily lives: when Belshazzar is king.

In spiritual development, we sometimes delude ourselves that change follows effort without delay. Nothing could be further from the truth. Our habits are very powerful—often we are not even aware that we have them. Yet "regeneration" literally means "re-birth," which entails casting out each and every obstacle in the path of our spiritual development. This can only be done by examining the exterior motives in our lives, and getting to the very bottom or root of our behaviors.

Daniel’s vision traces this exploration for us. Each of the four beasts he saw rising up from the sea depict the states of an evil life in us, with the added twist in their relationship to the religious principles a person purports to hold. Each must be examined and rejected. Every detail of the vision, therefore is important.

As with all numbers in the Word, the number "four" has a special meaning vitally important to the exposition. "Four" represents a joining together, and so has the same meaning as the number "two," (Arcana Coelestia 1686, 9103, 9601) which is obvious since "four" is the result of two multiplied into itself.

In a general sense, when the term "four winds" is mentioned in the Word, it means "all things of good and of truth, thus all things of heaven and of the church" (Arcana Coelestia 9642:10) flowing into a person, for "wind" means the influx of life from the Lord (Apocalypse Revealed 343). Thus the Lord breathed life into Adam in the Garden of Eden, and again on His disciples, filling them with the Holy Spirit. In an ideal situation, the presence of the Lord, both in our will and our understanding, in equal measure, indicates a state of regeneration. In that state, we are as "four-square" as the New Jerusalem.

As in so many cases in the book of Daniel, the symbolism needs to be reversed in order to see its full meaning. Daniel is in Babylon, a servant to the king, and thus anything usually relating to the Lord is inverted to relate to the king of Babylon, as selfishness: the opposite of love to the Lord.

The influx then is not goodness and truth, but evil and falsity, specifically love of self and control over others. The "sea" in this vision depicts the great restless tide of selfishness controlling our external being. The book of Daniel is a picture of a person whose conscience is restricted to thoughts and feelings, yet whose behavior, attitudes, and habits still reflect the old states of selfishness (Apocalypse Explained 316). Babylon reigns. In the vision that follows, the states and their effects are revealed.

The vision of the four beasts coming up from the sea tells our story when we cynically misuse truth to live selfishly, until evil completely takes over and would destroy us (Apocalypse Explained 556, Apocalypse Revealed 574). Evil will succeed unless the power of the truth, in our conscience, overcomes evil and allows us to reject it.

The first of these beasts was like a lion with eagle’s wings. Lions are mentioned many times in the Word, and usually describe the power of truth to destroy falsity and evil (Apocalypse Explained 556). But in this vision, describing Babylon, the lion takes on the opposite meaning: the lion represents the power of the love of self (Arcana Coelestia 6367), and the power of falsity to destroy truths.

The eagle's wings, representing human reason, were taken away from the lion, and he was made to stand on his two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to him. A person engrossed in selfishness loses their ability to appreciate religion, and weighted down by their own contrary thoughts, find themselves alienated from the truth.

Next, Daniel saw a bear raised up on one side. This posture indicates our eagerness to misinterpret the Word to suit our own means (Arcana Coelestia 781). This a vision of the human state when self love (Nebuchadnezzar) rules our internal being, and the expression of that selfishness (Belshazzar) controls our daily actions. The bear is the pleasure of justifying evil with our own 'superior' reasoning.

It is easy to be kind, while manipulating other people for our own benefit. It is easy to present oneself as a spiritual being in order to deceive other people. In such a life, charity is a dead form. Thus the bear had three ribs hanging from its mouth.

Daniel never tells who commanded the bear to 'arise, and devour more flesh,' but perhaps the urging comes from deeper states of selfishness which control our external actions. Whatever its origin, these words give voice to the heart of a person misusing the Word for his or her own gain.

A leopard is "a ferocious beast" which loves to "kill harmless animals." Its very appearance, black spots on white, illustrates the effect of falsity on truth (Apocalypse Revealed 57). But the leopard in Daniel also had four wings like a bird. As in the case of the lion which had the wings of an eagle, the wings here also signify our intellect destroying the truth. The four wings on the leopard depict "confirmations of what is false" (Apocalypse Revealed 574).

The leopard not only had four wings, but also four heads. This is a depiction of human degradation when falsity rules. It is a state of spiritual insanity, for when a selfish internal acts with a falsified external, there is nothing to prevent a person engaging in all kinds evil (Arcana Coelestia 1944:3). In this state, the conscience is enslaved, powerless to stop the madness.

The fourth beast, whose appearance is not described, signifies the "destruction of truth and good" (Apocalypse Revealed 574). Once a person reaches this state of degeneration, they stop at nothing to destroy any restraining influences. Falsity is used to destroy truth through denial or twisting it to suit one’s own ends. This process is described as "teeth like iron" devouring and breaking in pieces (see 1 explanation of Daniel 2 for a description of 'iron')(Apocalypse Revealed 556).

'A horn' is usually a symbol of power, and in the highest sense, the power of truth against falsity. But again, in this story the opposite sense applies, and the power here is of falsity for evil (Apocalypse Explained 316). These ten horns depict the complete power falsity has over the way we act.

The whole sordid description of the four beasts culminates on a little horn. This is the complete perversion of anything good and true drawn from the Word, and so represents the final profanation. If there was no counter-balancing conscience, a person would be irrevocably in hell.

The casting out of the three horns depicts the power of evil and falsity to destroy and remove the truths of the Word (Apocalypse Explained 316). The number "three" represents fullness or completeness, and thus the power of evil when brought into action to destroy all truths. Hence, the old saying 'when you break one of the Commandments, you break them all,' takes on a more powerful meaning.

The next image shifts: we see the thrones "cast down" signifying the falsities (Arcana Coelestia 8215) from the beasts, judged by the truths of the Word forming our conscience. All judgment begins with truth, for truth provides the balances upon which our lives are measured.

In the image of God’s throne, symbolizing judgment, it is important to remember that His judgment is always a product of love and mercy. But the Lord’s love should not be confused with license: just because He loves the human race, individually and collectively, this does not mean evil is permissible. Evil interferes with a person’s reception of the Lord, putting barriers between Him and ourselves. For the most part, the Lord permits evils, but does not will them, because they are useful reminding us to turn away from them (Divine Providence 275, 278). Yet there are times when human beings overstep the mark.

The judgment in this chapter must be seen in its context, which is in the reign of Belshazzar. It is the story of both the beasts and the fact that Belshazzar was weighed in the balances, found wanting, and killed by Darius. That in essence is a judgment on the external’s of our lives, on our behavior. and attitudes which have their origin in the Nebuchadnezzar states of our inner being.

Here, however, we see the origin of truth as "the Ancient of Days," sitting on the throne of judgment, heralding the destruction of one state and the beginning of another (Apocalypse Revealed 574). The "Ancient of Days" is an image of the love of the Lord (Arcana Coelestia 9470), and in a sense is the Divine counterpart to the love we are led to by means of truth. The object of all truth is to lead one to a love of God, and a love of the neighbor, and a life expressive of both. Our love for God is a reflection of His love for us.

In the Word, a garment corresponds to truth one knows and which forms a part of a person’s mind. Thus the garment of the Ancient of Days represents the truth veiling over the Divine Good. This truth is truth in our minds, in our conscious minds (Arcana Coelestia 9470, Apocalypse Explained 67). These garments were as white as snow to show us the quality of the intelligence and wisdom we can have from the Lord (Apocalypse Explained 195:18).

'Hair' means the most external parts of our lives—the natural thoughts and feelings we have which prompt us into action, all perfectly conscious. While we are in this world, this very external part of us seems to be vitally important, but in fact it is only driven by the inner things. If these are from the Lord, then our external will also appear as virgin wool.

The fire of the throne is the appearance of the Lord's love. The wheels represents the wisdom and intelligence we have from the Lord, which are full of love and so are described as "burning."

All judgment is done by the Lord. The Lord’s birth in Bethlehem was the beginning of a last judgment on the ancient churches, and that judgment from love by means of wisdom, came about through the life and death of Jesus Christ, the Divine Human of the Lord.

In Daniel’s vision, there is a similar relationship between the Ancient of Days, seated on His throne, and the Son of Man to whom was given all power. The Ancient of Days represents the Lord, and in that vision we saw the unity of the Divine love and Divine wisdom in the fiery throne upon which He sat.

Once the presence of the Lord has been established in us by the overthrow of evil and falsity, we will continue to develop in goodness and truth. This spiritual growth is described in the words that 'the Son of Man was given an everlasting dominion,' a theme repeated in verses 18 and 27. The kingdom of the Son of Man extended over "all peoples, nations and tongues," representing the different states of the human mind which will be made subject to truth from the Word. "Peoples" are the truths of doctrine—in this case, the false ideas which affect our behavior to be judged against the truth introduced into our minds by the conscience. "Nations" mean the evils of life, overthrown in the process of judgment (Apocalypse Revealed 483, Apocalypse Explained 175, 455). Thus in the process of judgment, both our habitual thoughts and feelings will be confronted by truth, and replaced by feelings drawn from the goodness and truth of the Lord. Finally, "tongues" signify the actions drawn from evil feelings and false thoughts—these too will be brought down in our personal "last judgment."

The "time, times, and half a time" are the states of temptation and combat we need to go through in order to regenerate. Yet each minute of that combat is a temptation, and temptation only takes place within the framework or regeneration. Thus a person being tempted, who resists the evil, sits in judgment on that evil, and from the power of the Lord will eventually prevail over it.

These final verses are a vision of things yet to come. This is before our entrance into the Lord’s kingdom, before the power of falsity is broken. We still have growing to do. There are still states we need to face and overcome. Even with this marvelous promise of ultimate victory, Daniel found that his thoughts still troubled him.

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Footnotes:

http://newchristianbiblestudy.org/bible/story/daniel-interprets-nebuchadnezzars-dream/king-james-version

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1326, 10455

Apocalypse Revealed 748

De Verbo (The Word) 5

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 178

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 37


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 49, 934, 1066, 1607, 1990, 2547, 2832, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 24, 36, 47, 49, 101, 166, 229, ...

Conjugial Love 26, 81, 193

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 6, 10, 26, 42, 48, 52

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 49, 86

Doctrine of Life 61

Heaven and Hell 171

True Christian Religion 1, 113, 157, 223, 251, 262, 288, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 36, 63, 67, 70, 175, 195, 199, ...

On the Athanasian Creed 41

Canons of the New Church 37

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 15, 25

An Invitation to the New Church 10

Marriage 0, 1, 113

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