1 Samuel 5

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1 καί-C ἀλλόφυλος-N2--NPM λαμβάνω-VBI-AAI3P ὁ- A--ASF κιβωτός-N2--ASF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM καί-C εἰςφέρω-VAI-AAI3P αὐτός- D--ASF ἐκ-P *αβεννεζερ-N---GSM εἰς-P *ἄζωτος-N2--AS

2 καί-C λαμβάνω-VBI-AAI3P ἀλλόφυλος-N2--NPM ὁ- A--ASF κιβωτός-N2--ASF κύριος-N2--GSM καί-C εἰςφέρω-VAI-AAI3P αὐτός- D--ASF εἰς-P οἶκος-N2--ASM *δαγων-N---GSM καί-C παραἵστημι-VHI-AAI3P αὐτός- D--ASF παρά-P *δαγων-N---GSM

3 καί-C ὀρθρίζω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM *ἀζώτιος-N2--NPM καί-C εἰςἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3P εἰς-P οἶκος-N2--ASM *δαγων-N---GSM καί-C ὁράω-VBI-AAI3P καί-C ἰδού-I *δαγων-N---NSM πίπτω-VX--XAPNSM ἐπί-P πρόσωπον-N2N-ASN αὐτός- D--GSM ἐνώπιον-P κιβωτός-N2--GSF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM καί-C ἀγείρω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--ASM *δαγων-N---ASM καί-C καταἵστημι-VHI-AAI3P εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM τόπος-N2--ASM αὐτός- D--GSM καί-C βαρύνω-VCI-API3S χείρ-N3--NSF κύριος-N2--GSM ἐπί-P ὁ- A--APM *ἀζώτιος-N2--APM καί-C βασανίζω-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--APM καί-C πατάσσω-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--APM εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF ἕδρα-N1A-APF αὐτός- D--GPM ὁ- A--ASF *ἄζωτος-N2--ASF καί-C ὁ- A--APN ὅριον-N2N-APN αὐτός- D--GSF

4 καί-C γίγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S ὅτε-D ὀρθρίζω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--ASN πρωΐ-D καί-C ἰδού-I *δαγων-N---NSM πίπτω-VX--XAPNSM ἐπί-P πρόσωπον-N2N-ASN αὐτός- D--GSM ἐνώπιον-P κιβωτός-N2--GSF διαθήκη-N1--GSF κύριος-N2--GSM καί-C ὁ- A--NSF κεφαλή-N1--NSF *δαγων-N---GSM καί-C ἀμφότεροι-A1A-APN ὁ- A--APN ἴχνος-N3E-APN χείρ-N3--GPF αὐτός- D--GSM ἀποαἱρέω-VM--XMPAPN ἐπί-P ὁ- A--APN ἐμπρόσθιον-N2N-APN αμαφεθ-N---AS ἕκαστος-A1--ASM καί-C ἀμφότεροι-A1A-NPM ὁ- A--NPM καρπός-N2--NPM ὁ- A--GPM χείρ-N3--GPF αὐτός- D--GSM πίπτω-VX--XAPNPM ἐπί-P ὁ- A--ASN πρόθυρον-N2N-ASN πλήν-D ὁ- A--NSF ῥάχις-N3I-NSF *δαγων-N---GSM ὑπολείπω-VVI-API3S

5 διά-P οὗτος- D--ASN οὐ-D ἐπιβαίνω-V1--PAI3P ὁ- A--NPM ἱερεύς-N3V-NPM *δαγων-N---GSM καί-C πᾶς-A3--NSM ὁ- A--NSM εἰςπορεύομαι-V1--PMPNSM εἰς-P οἶκος-N2--ASM *δαγων-N---GSM ἐπί-P βαθμός-N2--ASM οἶκος-N2--GSM *δαγων-N---GSM ἐν-P *ἄζωτος-N2--DSF ἕως-P ὁ- A--GSF ἡμέρα-N1A-GSF οὗτος- D--GSF ὅτι-C ὑπερβαίνω-V1--PAPNPM ὑπερβαίνω-V1--PAI3P

6 καί-C βαρύνω-VCI-API3S χείρ-N3--NSF κύριος-N2--GSM ἐπί-P *ἄζωτος-N2--AS καί-C ἐπιἄγω-VBI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--DPM καί-C ἐκζέω-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--DPM εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF ναῦς-N3--APF καί-C μέσος-A1--ASM ὁ- A--GSF χώρα-N1A-GSF αὐτός- D--GSF ἀναφύω-VAI-AAI3P μῦς-N3--NPM καί-C γίγνομαι-VBI-AMI3S σύγχυσις-N3I-NSF θάνατος-N2--GSM μέγας-A1--NSF ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF πόλις-N3I-DSF

7 καί-C ὁράω-VBI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM ἀνήρ-N3--NPM *ἄζωτος-N2--GSF ὅτι-C οὕτως-D καί-C λέγω-V1--PAI3P ὅτι-C οὐ-D καταἵημι-VF--FMI3S κιβωτός-N2--NSF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM μετά-P ἐγώ- P--GP ὅτι-C σκληρός-A1A-APN χείρ-N3--NSF αὐτός- D--GSM ἐπί-P ἐγώ- P--AP καί-C ἐπί-P *δαγων-N---ASM θεός-N2--ASM ἐγώ- P--GP

8 καί-C ἀποστέλλω-V1--PAI3P καί-C συνἄγω-V1--PAI3P ὁ- A--APM σατράπης-N1M-APM ὁ- A--GPM ἀλλόφυλος-N2--GPM πρός-P αὐτός- D--APM καί-C λέγω-V1--PAI3P τίς- I--ASN ποιέω-VA--AAS1P κιβωτός-N2--DSF θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM καί-C λέγω-V1--PAI3P ὁ- A--NPM *γεθθαῖος-N2--NPM μεταἔρχομαι-VC--APD3S κιβωτός-N2--NSF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM πρός-P ἐγώ- P--AP καί-C μεταἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3S κιβωτός-N2--NSF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM εἰς-P *γεθθα-N---AS

9 καί-C γίγνομαι-VCI-API3S μετά-P ὁ- A--ASN μεταἔρχομαι-VB--AAN αὐτός- D--ASF καί-C γίγνομαι-V1--PMI3S χείρ-N3--NSF κύριος-N2--GSM ἐν-P ὁ- A--DSF πόλις-N3I-DSF τάραχος-N2--NSM μέγας-A1P-NSM σφόδρα-D καί-C πατάσσω-VAI-AAI3S ὁ- A--APM ἀνήρ-N3--APM ὁ- A--GSF πόλις-N3I-GSF ἀπό-P μικρός-A1A-GSM ἕως-P μέγας-A1--GSM καί-C πατάσσω-VAI-AAI3S αὐτός- D--APM εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF ἕδρα-N1A-APF αὐτός- D--GPM καί-C ποιέω-VAI-AAI3P ἑαυτοῦ- D--DPM ὁ- A--NPM *γεθθαῖος-N2--NPM ἕδρα-N1A-GSF

10 καί-C ἐκ ἀποστέλλω-V1--PAI3P ὁ- A--ASF κιβωτός-N2--ASF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM εἰς-P *ἀσκαλών-N3W-ASF καί-C γίγνομαι-VCI-API3S ὡς-C εἰςἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3S κιβωτός-N2--NSF θεός-N2--GSM εἰς-P *ἀσκαλών-N3W-ASF καί-C βοάω-VAI-AAI3P ὁ- A--NPM *ἀσκαλωνίτης-N1M-NPM λέγω-V1--PAPNPM τίς- I--ASN ἀποστρέφω-VAI-AAI2P πρός-P ἐγώ- P--AP ὁ- A--ASF κιβωτός-N2--ASF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM θανατόω-VA--AAN ἐγώ- P--AP καί-C ὁ- A--ASM λαός-N2--ASM ἐγώ- P--GP

11 καί-C ἐκ ἀποστέλλω-V1--PAI3P καί-C συνἄγω-V1--PAI3P ὁ- A--APM σατράπης-N1M-APM ὁ- A--GPM ἀλλόφυλος-N2--GPM καί-C εἶπον-VBI-AAI3P ἐκ ἀποστέλλω-VA--AAD2P ὁ- A--ASF κιβωτός-N2--ASF ὁ- A--GSM θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM καί-C καταἵζω-VA--AAD3S εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM τόπος-N2--ASM αὐτός- D--GSF καί-C οὐ-D μή-D θανατόω-VA--AAS3S ἐγώ- P--AP καί-C ὁ- A--ASM λαός-N2--ASM ἐγώ- P--GP ὅτι-C γίγνομαι-VCI-API3S σύγχυσις-N3I-NSF θάνατος-N2--GSM ἐν-P ὅλος-A1--DSF ὁ- A--DSF πόλις-N3I-DSF βαρύς-A3U-NSF σφόδρα-D ὡς-C εἰςἔρχομαι-VBI-AAI3S κιβωτός-N2--NSF θεός-N2--GSM *ἰσραήλ-N---GSM ἐκεῖ-D

12 καί-C ὁ- A--NPM ζάω-V3--PAPNPM καί-C οὐ-D ἀποθνήσκω-VB--AAPNPM πλήσσω-VDI-API3P εἰς-P ὁ- A--APF ἕδρα-N1A-APF καί-C ἀναβαίνω-VZI-AAI3S ὁ- A--NSF κραυγή-N1--NSF ὁ- A--GSF πόλις-N3I-GSF εἰς-P ὁ- A--ASM οὐρανός-N2--ASM

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 23

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Deuteronomy 28:27

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1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

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1 Chronicles 7:21, 10:10

Psalms 97:7, 115:7

Isaiah 20:1, 46:7

Jeremiah 10:11, 14, 15

Amos 6:2

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