Judges 19

Studovat vnitřní smysl

Greek OT: LXX [A] Accented         

← Judges 18   Judges 20 →

1 καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις καὶ οὐκ ἦν βασιλεὺς ἐν ισραηλ καὶ ἐγένετο ἀνὴρ λευίτης παροικῶν ἐν μηροῖς ὄρους εφραιμ καὶ ἔλαβεν αὐτῷ γυναῖκα παλλακὴν ἀπὸ βηθλεεμ ιουδα

2 καὶ ἐπορεύθη ἀπ' αὐτοῦ ἡ παλλακὴ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀπῆλθεν παρ' αὐτοῦ εἰς οἶκον πατρὸς αὐτῆς εἰς βηθλεεμ ιουδα καὶ ἦν ἐκεῖ ἡμέρας τεσσάρων μηνῶν

3 καὶ ἀνέστη ὁ ἀνὴρ αὐτῆς καὶ ἐπορεύθη ὀπίσω αὐτῆς τοῦ λαλῆσαι ἐπὶ καρδίαν αὐτῆς τοῦ ἐπιστρέψαι αὐτὴν αὐτῷ καὶ νεανίας αὐτοῦ μετ' αὐτοῦ καὶ ζεῦγος ὄνων καὶ ἥδε εἰσήνεγκεν αὐτὸν εἰς οἶκον πατρὸς αὐτῆς καὶ εἶδεν αὐτὸν ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος καὶ ηὐφράνθη εἰς συνάντησιν αὐτοῦ

4 καὶ κατέσχεν αὐτὸν ὁ γαμβρὸς αὐτοῦ ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος καὶ ἐκάθισεν μετ' αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας καὶ ἔφαγον καὶ ἔπιον καὶ ηὐλίσθησαν ἐκεῖ

5 καὶ ἐγένετο τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τετάρτῃ καὶ ὤρθρισαν τὸ πρωί καὶ ἀνέστη τοῦ πορευθῆναι καὶ εἶπεν ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος πρὸς τὸν νυμφίον αὐτοῦ στήρισόν σου τὴν καρδίαν ψωμῷ ἄρτου καὶ μετὰ τοῦτο πορεύσεσθε

6 καὶ ἐκάθισεν καὶ ἔφαγον οἱ δύο ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ ἔπιον καὶ εἶπεν ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος πρὸς τὸν ἄνδρα ἄγε δὴ αὐλίσθητι καὶ ἀγαθυνθήσεται ἡ καρδία σου

7 καὶ ἀνέστη ὁ ἀνὴρ τοῦ πορεύεσθαι καὶ ἐβιάσατο αὐτὸν ὁ γαμβρὸς αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκάθισεν καὶ ηὐλίσθη ἐκεῖ

8 καὶ ὤρθρισεν τὸ πρωὶ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ πέμπτῃ τοῦ πορευθῆναι καὶ εἶπεν ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος στήρισον δὴ τὴν καρδίαν σου καὶ στράτευσον ἕως κλῖναι τὴν ἡμέραν καὶ ἔφαγον οἱ δύο

9 καὶ ἀνέστη ὁ ἀνὴρ τοῦ πορευθῆναι αὐτὸς καὶ ἡ παλλακὴ αὐτοῦ καὶ ὁ νεανίας αὐτοῦ καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ ὁ γαμβρὸς αὐτοῦ ὁ πατὴρ τῆς νεάνιδος ἰδοὺ δὴ ἠσθένησεν ἡ ἡμέρα εἰς τὴν ἑσπέραν αὐλίσθητι ὧδε καὶ ἀγαθυνθήσεται ἡ καρδία σου καὶ ὀρθριεῖτε αὔριον εἰς ὁδὸν ὑμῶν καὶ πορεύσῃ εἰς τὸ σκήνωμά σου

10 καὶ οὐκ εὐδόκησεν ὁ ἀνὴρ αὐλισθῆναι καὶ ἀνέστη καὶ ἀπῆλθεν καὶ ἦλθεν ἕως ἀπέναντι ιεβους αὕτη ἐστὶν ιερουσαλημ καὶ μετ' αὐτοῦ ζεῦγος ὄνων ἐπισεσαγμένων καὶ ἡ παλλακὴ αὐτοῦ μετ' αὐτοῦ

11 καὶ ἤλθοσαν ἕως ιεβους καὶ ἡ ἡμέρα προβεβήκει σφόδρα καὶ εἶπεν ὁ νεανίας πρὸς τὸν κύριον αὐτοῦ δεῦρο δὴ καὶ ἐκκλίνωμεν εἰς πόλιν τοῦ ιεβουσι ταύτην καὶ αὐλισθῶμεν ἐν αὐτῇ

12 καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτὸν ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἐκκλινοῦμεν εἰς πόλιν ἀλλοτρίαν ἐν ᾗ οὐκ ἔστιν ἀπὸ υἱῶν ισραηλ ὧδε καὶ παρελευσόμεθα ἕως γαβαα

13 καὶ εἶπεν τῷ νεανίᾳ αὐτοῦ δεῦρο καὶ ἐγγίσωμεν ἑνὶ τῶν τόπων καὶ αὐλισθησόμεθα ἐν γαβαα ἢ ἐν ραμα

14 καὶ παρῆλθον καὶ ἐπορεύθησαν καὶ ἔδυ ὁ ἥλιος αὐτοῖς ἐχόμενα τῆς γαβαα ἥ ἐστιν τῷ βενιαμιν

15 καὶ ἐξέκλιναν ἐκεῖ τοῦ εἰσελθεῖν αὐλισθῆναι ἐν γαβαα καὶ εἰσῆλθον καὶ ἐκάθισαν ἐν τῇ πλατείᾳ τῆς πόλεως καὶ οὐκ ἦν ἀνὴρ συνάγων αὐτοὺς εἰς οἰκίαν αὐλισθῆναι

16 καὶ ἰδοὺ ἀνὴρ πρεσβύτης ἤρχετο ἐξ ἔργων αὐτοῦ ἐξ ἀγροῦ ἐν ἑσπέρᾳ καὶ ὁ ἀνὴρ ἦν ἐξ ὄρους εφραιμ καὶ αὐτὸς παρῴκει ἐν γαβαα καὶ οἱ ἄνδρες τοῦ τόπου υἱοὶ βενιαμιν

17 καὶ ἦρεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ καὶ εἶδεν τὸν ὁδοιπόρον ἄνδρα ἐν τῇ πλατείᾳ τῆς πόλεως καὶ εἶπεν ὁ ἀνὴρ ὁ πρεσβύτης ποῦ πορεύῃ καὶ πόθεν ἔρχῃ

18 καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτόν παραπορευόμεθα ἡμεῖς ἀπὸ βηθλεεμ ιουδα ἕως μηρῶν ὄρους εφραιμ ἐκεῖθεν ἐγώ εἰμι καὶ ἐπορεύθην ἕως βηθλεεμ ιουδα καὶ εἰς τὸν οἶκόν μου ἐγὼ πορεύομαι καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἀνὴρ συνάγων με εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν

19 καί γε ἄχυρα καὶ χορτάσματά ἐστιν τοῖς ὄνοις ἡμῶν καὶ ἄρτοι καὶ οἶνός ἐστιν ἐμοὶ καὶ τῇ παιδίσκῃ καὶ τῷ νεανίσκῳ μετὰ τῶν παιδίων σου οὐκ ἔστιν ὑστέρημα παντὸς πράγματος

20 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ ἀνὴρ ὁ πρεσβύτης εἰρήνη σοι πλὴν πᾶν ὑστέρημά σου ἐπ' ἐμέ πλὴν ἐν τῇ πλατείᾳ οὐ μὴ αὐλισθήσῃ

21 καὶ εἰσήνεγκεν αὐτὸν εἰς τὸν οἶκον αὐτοῦ καὶ τόπον ἐποίησεν τοῖς ὄνοις καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐνίψαντο τοὺς πόδας αὐτῶν καὶ ἔφαγον καὶ ἔπιον

22 αὐτοὶ δ' ἀγαθύνοντες καρδίαν αὐτῶν καὶ ἰδοὺ ἄνδρες τῆς πόλεως υἱοὶ παρανόμων ἐκύκλωσαν τὴν οἰκίαν κρούοντες ἐπὶ τὴν θύραν καὶ εἶπον πρὸς τὸν ἄνδρα τὸν κύριον τοῦ οἴκου τὸν πρεσβύτην λέγοντες ἐξένεγκε τὸν ἄνδρα ὃς εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν σου ἵνα γνῶμεν αὐτόν

23 καὶ ἐξῆλθεν πρὸς αὐτοὺς ὁ ἀνὴρ ὁ κύριος τοῦ οἴκου καὶ εἶπεν μή ἀδελφοί μὴ κακοποιήσητε δή μετὰ τὸ εἰσελθεῖν τὸν ἄνδρα τοῦτον εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν μου μὴ ποιήσητε τὴν ἀφροσύνην ταύτην

24 ἰδὲ ἡ θυγάτηρ μου ἡ παρθένος καὶ ἡ παλλακὴ αὐτοῦ ἐξάξω αὐτάς καὶ ταπεινώσατε αὐτὰς καὶ ποιήσατε αὐταῖς τὸ ἀγαθὸν ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς ὑμῶν καὶ τῷ ἀνδρὶ τούτῳ οὐ ποιήσετε τὸ ῥῆμα τῆς ἀφροσύνης ταύτης

25 καὶ οὐκ εὐδόκησαν οἱ ἄνδρες τοῦ εἰσακοῦσαι αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐπελάβετο ὁ ἀνὴρ τῆς παλλακῆς αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐξήγαγεν αὐτὴν πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἔξω καὶ ἔγνωσαν αὐτὴν καὶ ἐνέπαιζον ἐν αὐτῇ ὅλην τὴν νύκτα ἕως πρωί καὶ ἐξαπέστειλαν αὐτήν ὡς ἀνέβη τὸ πρωί

26 καὶ ἦλθεν ἡ γυνὴ πρὸς τὸν ὄρθρον καὶ ἔπεσεν παρὰ τὴν θύραν τοῦ οἴκου οὗ ἦν αὐτῆς ἐκεῖ ὁ ἀνήρ ἕως τοῦ διαφῶσαι

27 καὶ ἀνέστη ὁ ἀνὴρ αὐτῆς τὸ πρωὶ καὶ ἤνοιξεν τὰς θύρας τοῦ οἴκου καὶ ἐξῆλθεν τοῦ πορευθῆναι τὴν ὁδὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἰδοὺ ἡ γυνὴ ἡ παλλακὴ αὐτοῦ πεπτωκυῖα παρὰ τὰς θύρας τοῦ οἴκου καὶ αἱ χεῖρες αὐτῆς ἐπὶ τὸ πρόθυρον

28 καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτήν ἀνάστα καὶ ἀπέλθωμεν καὶ οὐκ ἀπεκρίθη ὅτι ἦν νεκρά καὶ ἔλαβεν αὐτὴν ἐπὶ τὸν ὄνον καὶ ἐπορεύθη εἰς τὸν τόπον αὐτοῦ

29 καὶ ἔλαβεν τὴν ῥομφαίαν καὶ ἐκράτησεν τὴν παλλακὴν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐμέλισεν αὐτὴν εἰς δώδεκα μέλη καὶ ἀπέστειλεν αὐτὰ ἐν παντὶ ὁρίῳ ισραηλ

30 καὶ ἐγένετο πᾶς ὁ βλέπων ἔλεγεν οὐκ ἐγένετο καὶ οὐχ ἑόραται ὡς αὕτη ἀπὸ ἡμέρας ἀναβάσεως υἱῶν ισραηλ ἐκ γῆς αἰγύπτου καὶ ἕως τῆς ἡμέρας ταύτης θέσθε ὑμῖν αὐτοὶ ἐπ' αὐτὴν βουλὴν καὶ λαλήσατε

← Judges 18   Judges 20 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3148, 4592

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 16:8, 18:4, 5, 19:2, 4, 5, 8, 34:3, 7, 43:23

Joshua 15:8, 18:25, 28

Judges 1:21, 3:27, 6:23, 12:8, 17:6, 20:4, 5, 6, 7

Ruth 3:7

1 Samuel 11:7

Psalms 104:15, 23

Proverbs 20:18

Isaiah 10:29

Hosea 2:16, 5:8, 9:9

Romans 1:27

Hebrews 13:2

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Deborah and Barak Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the story of Deborah and Barak.
Activity | All Ages

 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


Přeložit: