1 Samuel 10

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Greek OT: LXX [A] Accented         

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1 καὶ ἔλαβεν σαμουηλ τὸν φακὸν τοῦ ἐλαίου καὶ ἐπέχεεν ἐπὶ τὴν κεφαλὴν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐφίλησεν αὐτὸν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ οὐχὶ κέχρικέν σε κύριος εἰς ἄρχοντα ἐπὶ τὸν λαὸν αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ ισραηλ καὶ σὺ ἄρξεις ἐν λαῷ κυρίου καὶ σὺ σώσεις αὐτὸν ἐκ χειρὸς ἐχθρῶν αὐτοῦ κυκλόθεν καὶ τοῦτό σοι τὸ σημεῖον ὅτι ἔχρισέν σε κύριος ἐπὶ κληρονομίαν αὐτοῦ εἰς ἄρχοντα

2 ὡς ἂν ἀπέλθῃς σήμερον ἀπ' ἐμοῦ καὶ εὑρήσεις δύο ἄνδρας πρὸς τοῖς τάφοις ραχηλ ἐν τῷ ὁρίῳ βενιαμιν ἁλλομένους μεγάλα καὶ ἐροῦσίν σοι εὕρηνται αἱ ὄνοι ἃς ἐπορεύθητε ζητεῖν καὶ ἰδοὺ ὁ πατήρ σου ἀποτετίνακται τὸ ῥῆμα τῶν ὄνων καὶ ἐδαψιλεύσατο δι' ὑμᾶς λέγων τί ποιήσω ὑπὲρ τοῦ υἱοῦ μου

3 καὶ ἀπελεύσει ἐκεῖθεν καὶ ἐπέκεινα ἥξεις ἕως τῆς δρυὸς θαβωρ καὶ εὑρήσεις ἐκεῖ τρεῖς ἄνδρας ἀναβαίνοντας πρὸς τὸν θεὸν εἰς βαιθηλ ἕνα αἴροντα τρία αἰγίδια καὶ ἕνα αἴροντα τρία ἀγγεῖα ἄρτων καὶ ἕνα αἴροντα ἀσκὸν οἴνου

4 καὶ ἐρωτήσουσίν σε τὰ εἰς εἰρήνην καὶ δώσουσίν σοι δύο ἀπαρχὰς ἄρτων καὶ λήμψῃ ἐκ τῆς χειρὸς αὐτῶν

5 καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα εἰσελεύσῃ εἰς τὸν βουνὸν τοῦ θεοῦ οὗ ἐστιν ἐκεῖ τὸ ἀνάστημα τῶν ἀλλοφύλων ἐκεῖ νασιβ ὁ ἀλλόφυλος καὶ ἔσται ὡς ἂν εἰσέλθητε ἐκεῖ εἰς τὴν πόλιν καὶ ἀπαντήσεις χορῷ προφητῶν καταβαινόντων ἐκ τῆς βαμα καὶ ἔμπροσθεν αὐτῶν νάβλα καὶ τύμπανον καὶ αὐλὸς καὶ κινύρα καὶ αὐτοὶ προφητεύοντες

6 καὶ ἐφαλεῖται ἐπὶ σὲ πνεῦμα κυρίου καὶ προφητεύσεις μετ' αὐτῶν καὶ στραφήσῃ εἰς ἄνδρα ἄλλον

7 καὶ ἔσται ὅταν ἥξει τὰ σημεῖα ταῦτα ἐπὶ σέ ποίει πάντα ὅσα ἐὰν εὕρῃ ἡ χείρ σου ὅτι θεὸς μετὰ σοῦ

8 καὶ καταβήσῃ ἔμπροσθεν τῆς γαλγαλα καὶ ἰδοὺ καταβαίνω πρὸς σὲ ἀνενεγκεῖν ὁλοκαύτωσιν καὶ θυσίας εἰρηνικάς ἑπτὰ ἡμέρας διαλείψεις ἕως τοῦ ἐλθεῖν με πρὸς σέ καὶ γνωρίσω σοι ἃ ποιήσεις

9 καὶ ἐγενήθη ὥστε ἐπιστραφῆναι τῷ ὤμῳ αὐτοῦ ἀπελθεῖν ἀπὸ σαμουηλ μετέστρεψεν αὐτῷ ὁ θεὸς καρδίαν ἄλλην καὶ ἦλθεν πάντα τὰ σημεῖα ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ

10 καὶ ἔρχεται ἐκεῖθεν εἰς τὸν βουνόν καὶ ἰδοὺ χορὸς προφητῶν ἐξ ἐναντίας αὐτοῦ καὶ ἥλατο ἐπ' αὐτὸν πνεῦμα θεοῦ καὶ ἐπροφήτευσεν ἐν μέσῳ αὐτῶν

11 καὶ ἐγενήθησαν πάντες οἱ εἰδότες αὐτὸν ἐχθὲς καὶ τρίτην καὶ εἶδον καὶ ἰδοὺ αὐτὸς ἐν μέσῳ τῶν προφητῶν καὶ εἶπεν ὁ λαὸς ἕκαστος πρὸς τὸν πλησίον αὐτοῦ τί τοῦτο τὸ γεγονὸς τῷ υἱῷ κις ἦ καὶ σαουλ ἐν προφήταις

12 καὶ ἀπεκρίθη τις αὐτῶν καὶ εἶπεν καὶ τίς πατὴρ αὐτοῦ διὰ τοῦτο ἐγενήθη εἰς παραβολήν ἦ καὶ σαουλ ἐν προφήταις

13 καὶ συνετέλεσεν προφητεύων καὶ ἔρχεται εἰς τὸν βουνόν

14 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ οἰκεῖος αὐτοῦ πρὸς αὐτὸν καὶ πρὸς τὸ παιδάριον αὐτοῦ ποῦ ἐπορεύθητε καὶ εἶπαν ζητεῖν τὰς ὄνους καὶ εἴδαμεν ὅτι οὐκ εἰσίν καὶ εἰσήλθομεν πρὸς σαμουηλ

15 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ οἰκεῖος πρὸς σαουλ ἀπάγγειλον δή μοι τί εἶπέν σοι σαμουηλ

16 καὶ εἶπεν σαουλ πρὸς τὸν οἰκεῖον αὐτοῦ ἀπήγγειλεν ἀπαγγέλλων μοι ὅτι εὕρηνται αἱ ὄνοι τὸ δὲ ῥῆμα τῆς βασιλείας οὐκ ἀπήγγειλεν αὐτῷ

17 καὶ παρήγγειλεν σαμουηλ παντὶ τῷ λαῷ πρὸς κύριον εἰς μασσηφα

18 καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς υἱοὺς ισραηλ τάδε εἶπεν κύριος ὁ θεὸς ισραηλ λέγων ἐγὼ ἀνήγαγον τοὺς υἱοὺς ισραηλ ἐξ αἰγύπτου καὶ ἐξειλάμην ὑμᾶς ἐκ χειρὸς φαραω βασιλέως αἰγύπτου καὶ ἐκ πασῶν τῶν βασιλειῶν τῶν θλιβουσῶν ὑμᾶς

19 καὶ ὑμεῖς σήμερον ἐξουθενήκατε τὸν θεόν ὃς αὐτός ἐστιν ὑμῶν σωτὴρ ἐκ πάντων τῶν κακῶν ὑμῶν καὶ θλίψεων ὑμῶν καὶ εἴπατε οὐχί ἀλλ' ἢ ὅτι βασιλέα στήσεις ἐφ' ἡμῶν καὶ νῦν κατάστητε ἐνώπιον κυρίου κατὰ τὰ σκῆπτρα ὑμῶν καὶ κατὰ τὰς φυλὰς ὑμῶν

20 καὶ προσήγαγεν σαμουηλ πάντα τὰ σκῆπτρα ισραηλ καὶ κατακληροῦται σκῆπτρον βενιαμιν

21 καὶ προσάγει σκῆπτρον βενιαμιν εἰς φυλάς καὶ κατακληροῦται φυλὴ ματταρι καὶ προσάγουσιν τὴν φυλὴν ματταρι εἰς ἄνδρας καὶ κατακληροῦται σαουλ υἱὸς κις καὶ ἐζήτει αὐτόν καὶ οὐχ εὑρίσκετο

22 καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν σαμουηλ ἔτι ἐν κυρίῳ εἰ ἔρχεται ὁ ἀνὴρ ἐνταῦθα καὶ εἶπεν κύριος ἰδοὺ αὐτὸς κέκρυπται ἐν τοῖς σκεύεσιν

23 καὶ ἔδραμεν καὶ λαμβάνει αὐτὸν ἐκεῖθεν καὶ κατέστησεν ἐν μέσῳ τοῦ λαοῦ καὶ ὑψώθη ὑπὲρ πάντα τὸν λαὸν ὑπὲρ ὠμίαν καὶ ἐπάνω

24 καὶ εἶπεν σαμουηλ πρὸς πάντα τὸν λαόν εἰ ἑοράκατε ὃν ἐκλέλεκται ἑαυτῷ κύριος ὅτι οὐκ ἔστιν αὐτῷ ὅμοιος ἐν πᾶσιν ὑμῖν καὶ ἔγνωσαν πᾶς ὁ λαὸς καὶ εἶπαν ζήτω ὁ βασιλεύς

25 καὶ εἶπεν σαμουηλ πρὸς τὸν λαὸν τὸ δικαίωμα τοῦ βασιλέως καὶ ἔγραψεν ἐν βιβλίῳ καὶ ἔθηκεν ἐνώπιον κυρίου καὶ ἐξαπέστειλεν σαμουηλ πάντα τὸν λαόν καὶ ἀπῆλθεν ἕκαστος εἰς τὸν τόπον αὐτοῦ

26 καὶ σαουλ ἀπῆλθεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον αὐτοῦ εἰς γαβαα καὶ ἐπορεύθησαν υἱοὶ δυνάμεων ὧν ἥψατο κύριος καρδίας αὐτῶν μετὰ σαουλ

27 καὶ υἱοὶ λοιμοὶ εἶπαν τί σώσει ἡμᾶς οὗτος καὶ ἠτίμασαν αὐτὸν καὶ οὐκ ἤνεγκαν αὐτῷ δῶρα

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 10      

In this chapter, Samuel took a flask of oil and anointed Saul’s head. He told Saul that the donkeys he was searching for had been found, and sent him instead to Bethel, which he also called the hill of God. Bethel, where the Ark of the Covenant was kept, was a holy place. It represents a knowledge of celestial things (see Arcana Coelestia 1453).

Samuel prophesied that Saul would encounter a group of prophets at Bethel. When Saul arrived there, he met them, and he immediately felt the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied with them. When Saul returned home, the people who knew him recognized that something about him had changed. Had he become a prophet?

Later in the story, Samuel again called the people together at Mizpah. He spoke to them about how they had rejected the Lord. Then he began a selection process, drawing lots to determine who would be their first king. The tribe of Benjamin was chosen, then the family of Matri, and ultimately Saul. However, Saul was reluctant, and was hiding. They searched for him, found him, and brought him before the people. The people saw his outstanding appearance and height, and accepted him as someone suitable. Saul explained “the manner of the kingdom", and also described it in a book. The gathering was then dismissed.

Right away, there were hints of future trouble. Some people, referred to as children of Belial, who doubted that Saul was the man to lead them, and they did not bring him gifts.

The children of Belial stand for false ideas that are derived from evil, hellish loves. They are associated with the worship of other gods.

In the Word, gifts symbolize an introduction, to “initiate goodwill and favour.” These people did not trust Saul, and did not seek to create a good relationship with him (see Arcana Coelestia 4262).

It was important that the kings of Israel were anointed with oil. It was a mark of the representative role that they were to take. As mentioned in the previous chapter, they could not represent the Lord in the type of loving way that priests could. Instead, they could represent His truth. They could be examples of what it means to live by and enforce the law and to provide order.

The oil that Samuel used to anoint Saul also has a symbolic meaning. It represents the Lord as the good of love (see Arcana Coelestia 9954). Swedenborg writes that the reason priests and kings were anointed is that through this they represented the Lord, in His Divine humanity (see Apocalypse Revealed 779).

In a number of places in Scripture it is said that each of us has been made “kings and priests to God.” (See especially Revelation 1:5 and 5:10) This means that our lives can evolve, with the Lord’s guidance, so that everything about us can be an expression of both His love and His teachings, as they exist as a unity. This is what is means to become the “image and likeness of God” as described in Genesis 1:26.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 1453, 4262, 6983, 9954

Apocalypse Revealed 779


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 323, 375

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:19, 20

Exodus 29:46

Deuteronomy 17:14, 15, 20, 32:9, 33:12

Joshua 1:5, 9, 4:19, 7:14, 18:28, 22:6, 24:1

Judges 1:1, 3:10, 6:8, 9, 14:6, 9, 15:14, 20:18, 23, 27

1 Samuel 3:19, 21, 4:1, 7:5, 6, 16, 8:5, 7, 9, 9:1, 2, 3, 10, 16, 20, 11:4, 6, 12, 14, 15, 12:1, 13:2, 3, 4, 8, 15:1, 17, 33, 34, 16:13, 19:20, 24, 20:13, 23:2, 4, 9, 30:7, 8

2 Samuel 2:1, 7:3, 19:16, 20:19, 21:1, 6

1 Kings 1:25, 34, 5:1, 18:29

2 Kings 2:3, 5, 7, 15, 3:15, 9:3, 6, 12

1 Chronicles 25:3

2 Chronicles 17:5

Job 31:25

Proverbs 12:23

Ecclesiastes 3:7, 7:21, 9:10

Ezekiel 36:26

Matthew 13:55

Acts of the Apostles 21, 22:10

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