Teisėjai 2

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1 Viešpaties angelas, atėjęs iš Gilgalos į Bochimą, tarė: “Aš išvedžiau jus iš Egipto ir atvedžiau į žemę, kurią prisiekiau duoti jūsų tėvams, ir pasakiau: ‘Aš niekada nelaužysiu savo sandoros su jumis,

2 o jūs nedarykite sutarčių su šios žemės gyventojais, sugriaukite jų aukurus’. Bet jūs nepaklusote mano balsui. Kodėl jūs taip padarėte?

3 Todėl Aš sakau, kad neišvarysiu jų iš jūsų krašto, jie bus dygliai jūsų šone, o jų dievai bus jums spąstai”.

4 Viešpaties angelui kalbant šiuos žodžius, izraelitai pakėlė savo balsus ir verkė.

5 Todėl šią vietą pavadino Bochimu. Jie čia aukojo Viešpačiui.

6 Kai Jozuė paleido tautą, kiekvienas nuėjo į savo nuosavybę ir ten apsigyveno.

7 Tauta tarnavo Viešpačiui per visas Jozuės dienas ir kol buvo gyvi vyresnieji, kurie matė visus Viešpaties darbus, padarytus Izraelio tautai.

8 Nūno sūnus Jozuė, Viešpaties tarnas, mirė sulaukęs šimto dešimties metų amžiaus.

9 Jie palaidojo jį jo nuosavybėje, Timnat Herese, Efraimo kalnyne, į šiaurę nuo Gaašo kalno.

10 Visa ta karta išmirė, užaugo kita karta, kuri nepažino Viešpaties nė matė Jo darbų Izraeliui.

11 Izraelitai nusikalto Viešpačiui, tarnaudami Baaliui.

12 Jie apleido Viešpatį, savo tėvų Dievą, kuris juos išvedė iš Egipto šalies, ir sekė svetimus dievus tautų, gyvenančių aplink juos, ir jiems lenkėsi, sukeldami Viešpaties pyktį.

13 Jie apleido Viešpatį ir tarnavo Baaliui ir Astartei.

14 Viešpaties rūstybė užsidegė prieš Izraelį, ir Jis atidavė juos į plėšikų rankas, kurie juos plėšdavo. Viešpats atidavė izraelitus jų priešams, prieš kuriuos jie nepajėgė atsilaikyti.

15 Kur jie beeidavo, Viešpaties ranka buvo prieš juos, darydama jiems pikta, kaip Viešpats jiems buvo prisiekęs. Jie buvo sunkiai varginami.

16 Tačiau Viešpats siuntė izraelitams teisėjų, kurie juos išgelbėdavo iš rankos tų, kurie juos plėšė.

17 Bet jie neklausė teisėjų ir nuėjo paleistuvauti su svetimais dievais, ir lenkėsi jiems. Jie greitai nuklydo nuo kelio, kuriuo ėjo jų tėvai, kai klausė Viešpaties įsakymų.

18 Kai Viešpats jiems duodavo teisėją, Jis būdavo su juo ir išgelbėdavo izraelitus iš jų priešų per visas to teisėjo dienas. Viešpats gailėdavosi jų, kai jie dejuodami skųsdavosi prispaudėjais.

19 Bet, teisėjui mirus, jie sugrįždavo ir susitepdavo dar labiau, negu jų tėvai, sekdami svetimus dievus, jiems tarnaudami ir juos garbindami. Jie neatsisakė savo darbų ir užsispyrimo.

20 Viešpaties rūstybė užsidegė prieš Izraelį, ir Jis tarė: “Kadangi šita tauta sulaužė mano sandorą, kurią padariau su jų tėvais, ir neklausė manęs,

21 tai ir Aš neišvarysiu iš jų krašto nė vienos tų tautų, kurias Jozuė mirdamas paliko;

22 jomis išmėginsiu Izraelį, ar jis laikysis Viešpaties kelio ir ar norės juo vaikščioti, kaip darė jo tėvai”.

23 Todėl Viešpats paliko tas tautas krašte, neišnaikino jų tuojau ir neatidavė jų į Jozuės rankas.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 12:18, 17:7, 22:11

Išėjimas 1:6, 8, 13:3, 9, 14, 16, 15:25, 23:33, 32:7, 8, 14

Leviticus 26:17, 37

Skaičiai 25:3, 32:13

Deuteronomija 1:8, 4:25, 6:12, 18:20, 28:20, 31:16, 18

Joshua 7:12, 19:50, 23:13, 16, 24:28, 29, 31

Teisėjai 1:1, 3:1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 31, 4:1, 2, 5:8, 6:1, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 8:27, 33, 10:1, 6, 7, 9, 13, 16, 11:24, 32, 13:1

Rūta 1:1, 13

1 Samuelis 7:3, 6, 11:4, 12:10, 15, 14:48

2 Samuelis 7:11, 24:1

1 Karaliai 11:5

2 karaliai 13:3

2 kronikos 12:1, 2, 28:2, 3, 5, 33:3, 36:16

Ezra 10:1

Nehemijas 9:27, 28

Psalmės 44:11, 89:3, 106:34, 40, 42, 43, 45

Izaijas 42:24

Jeremijas 2:20, 3:6, 6:16, 9:2, 5, 16:11, 12

Joelis 2:12

Apaštalų darbai 13:20

2 korintiečiams 7:10

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