Teisėjai 13

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1 Izraelitai darė pikta Viešpaties akivaizdoje, ir Viešpats atidavė juos į filistinų rankas keturiasdešimčiai metų.

2 Coroje gyveno vienas vyras iš Dano giminės, vardu Manoachas. Jo žmona buvo nevaisinga ir negimdė.

3 Viešpaties angelas pasirodė jai ir tarė: “Tu esi nevaisinga, tačiau pastosi ir pagimdysi sūnų.

4 Negerk vyno nė stipraus gėrimo ir nevalgyk nieko nešvaraus.

5 Tu pastosi ir pagimdysi sūnų. Skustuvas tegul nepaliečia jo galvos, nes berniukas bus pašvęstas Dievui nuo pat gimimo, jis pradės išlaisvinti Izraelį iš filistinų”.

6 Moteris atėjusi tarė savo vyrui: “Dievo vyras atėjo pas mane, jo išvaizda buvo kaip angelo, ir aš labai išsigandau. Aš jo nepaklausiau, iš kur jis, o jis savo vardo man nepasakė.

7 Jis tik pasakė: ‘Tu pastosi ir pagimdysi sūnų. Žiūrėk, negerk nei vyno, nei stipraus gėrimo ir nevalgyk nieko nešvaraus, nes berniukas bus Dievui pašvęstas nuo pat gimimo iki savo mirties’ ”.

8 Manoachas meldė Viešpatį: “Viešpatie! Leisk, meldžiu, angelui, kurį buvai siuntęs, vėl ateiti pas mus ir mus pamokyti, kaip auklėti berniuką, kuris užgims”.

9 Dievas išklausė Manoachą. Dievo angelas vėl atėjo pas moterį, jai sėdint lauke. Jos vyro nebuvo šalia jos.

10 Moteris, skubiai nubėgusi, pranešė savo vyrui: “Man pasirodė tas vyras, kuris aną dieną buvo atėjęs pas mane!”

11 Pakilęs Manoachas sekė žmoną ir, atėjęs pas tą vyrą, jam tarė: “Ar tu esi vyras, kuris kalbėjo su mano žmona?” Jis atsakė: “Taip”.

12 Manoachas klausė: “Kai tavo žodžiai išsipildys, ką mes turime daryti su vaiku ir kaip elgtis su juo?”

13 Viešpaties angelas atsakė Manoachui: “Moteris turi saugotis to, ką sakiau.

14 Jai nevalia valgyti vynmedžio vaisių, gerti vyno ar stipraus gėrimo, taip pat valgyti, kas nešvaru; ji turi vykdyti, ką įsakiau”.

15 Manoachas tarė Viešpaties angelui: “Prašau, pasilik pas mus, iki prirengsiu tau ožiuką”.

16 Viešpaties angelas atsakė Manoachui: “Jei mane ir sulaikysi, aš vis tiek nevalgysiu tavo valgio; o jei prirengsi deginamąją auką, tai aukok ją Viešpačiui”. Manoachas nežinojo, kad jis buvo Viešpaties angelas.

17 Jis klausė Viešpaties angelo: “Kuo tu vardu? Mes tave pagerbsime, kai tavo žodis išsipildys”.

18 Viešpaties angelas jam atsakė: “Kodėl klausi mano vardo? Tai yra paslaptis”.

19 Manoachas aukojo Viešpačiui ožiuką ir duonos auką ant uolos. Angelas padarė stebuklą jo ir jo žmonos akivaizdoje:

20 kai liepsna kilo nuo aukuro aukštyn į dangų, Viešpaties angelas pakilo aukštyn aukuro liepsnoje. Tai matydami, jie puolė veidais į žemę.

21 Viešpaties angelas daugiau jiems nebepasirodė. Manoachas suprato, kad tai buvo Viešpaties angelas,

22 ir tarė žmonai: “Mes mirsime, nes matėme Dievą”.

23 Bet jo žmona atsakė jam: “Jei Viešpats būtų norėjęs mus nužudyti, jis nebūtų priėmęs mūsų deginamosios ir duonos aukos ir nebūtų mums parodęs to, ką matėme, ir pasakojęs to, ką girdėjome”.

24 Moteris pagimdė sūnų ir jį pavadino Samsonu. Berniukas augo, ir Viešpats jį laimino.

25 Viešpaties Dvasia pradėjo veikti jame Mahane Dano stovykloje, kuri buvo tarp Coros ir Eštaolio.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.


Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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