Teisėjai 1

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1 Jozuei mirus, izraelitai klausė Viešpaties: “Kas iš mūsų eis pirmas kare su kanaaniečiais?”

2 Viešpats atsakė: “Judas eis pirmas; Aš atidaviau žemę į jo rankas”.

3 Tada Judas tarė savo broliui Simeonui: “Eime su manimi į mano kraštą ir kariaukime prieš kanaaniečius! Po to aš trauksiu su tavimi į tavo kraštą”. Ir Simeonas nuėjo su juo.

4 Juodu išžygiavo, ir Viešpats atidavė į jų rankas kanaaniečius ir perizus; jie išžudė prie Bezeko dešimt tūkstančių vyrų.

5 Ten jie sutiko Adoni Bezeką, kariavo prieš jį ir sumušė kanaaniečius ir perizus.

6 Adoni Bezekas pabėgo, bet jie vijosi jį ir sugavę nukirto jam rankų ir kojų nykščius.

7 Adoni Bezekas tarė: “Septyniasdešimt karalių su nukirstais rankų bei kojų nykščiais rinkdavo mano pastalėje trupinius. Kaip aš dariau, taip ir Dievas man atlygino”. Jie nuvedė jį į Jeruzalę, kur jis mirė.

8 Judas kariavo prieš Jeruzalę, užėmęs ją, gyventojus išžudė kardu ir miestą padegė.

9 Paskui jis kariavo prieš kanaaniečius, gyvenusius kalnyne, pietuose, žemumoje

10 ir Hebrone; sumušė Šešają, Ahimaną ir Talmają. Hebronas anksčiau vadinosi Kirjat Arba.

11 Iš ten jie žygiavo prieš Debyrą, kuris anksčiau vadinosi Kirjat Seferas.

12 Tada Kalebas tarė: “Kas nugalės Kirjat Seferą ir jį užims, tam duosiu savo dukterį Achsą į žmonas”.

13 Jį užėmė jaunesniojo Kalebo brolio Kenazo sūnus Otnielis. Kalebas atidavė jam savo dukterį Achsą.

14 Kai ji ištekėjo, Otnielis prikalbėjo ją prašyti iš savo tėvo dirbamos žemės. Jai nulipus nuo asilo, Kalebas klausė: “Ko nori?”

15 Ji tarė jam: “Tėve, palaimink mane! Tu davei man sausos žemės, duok man ir vandens versmių”. Tada Kalebas davė jai aukštutines ir žemutines versmes.

16 Mozės uošvio kenito palikuonys traukė iš Palmių miesto su Judu į pietus Arado link. Ten nuėję, jie apsigyveno.

17 Po to Judas su savo broliu Simeonu sumušė kanaaniečius, gyvenusius Cefate, ir sunaikino jį. Todėl tą miestą pavadino Horma.

18 Judas užėmė Gazą, Aškeloną ir Ekroną su jų apylinkėmis.

19 Viešpats buvo su Judu, ir jis užėmė kalnyną. Bet jis nepajėgė išstumti lygumos gyventojų, nes jie turėjo geležinių kovos vežimų.

20 Jie atidavė Kalebui Hebroną, kaip Mozė buvo įsakęs, iš kurio jis išvarė tris Anako sūnus.

21 Benjamino vaikai neišstūmė jebusiečių, gyvenusių Jeruzalėje; jie pasiliko gyventi su benjaminitais iki šios dienos.

22 Juozapo palikuonys žygiavo prieš Betelį, ir Viešpats buvo su jais.

23 Juozapo palikuonys siuntė žvalgus į Betelį, kuris anksčiau vadinosi Lūzas.

24 Žvalgai, sutikę žmogų, išeinantį iš miesto, jam tarė: “Parodyk mums įėjimą į miestą, mes tavęs pasigailėsime”.

25 Jis parodė jiems įėjimą į miestą. Jie išžudė miesto gyventojus kardu, bet tą vyrą ir jo šeimą paleido.

26 Tas vyras, nukeliavęs į hetitų šalį, įkūrė miestą ir jį pavadino Lūzu. Jis taip vadinasi iki šios dienos.

27 Manasas neišvarė Bet Šeano, Taanacho, Doro, Ibleamo ir Megido gyventojų iš jų miestų ir kaimų; kanaaniečiai ir toliau gyveno šalyje.

28 Izraelis sustiprėjęs privertė kanaaniečius mokėti duoklę, bet jų neišvarė.

29 Ir Efraimas neišvarė kanaaniečių, gyvenančių Gezeryje; kanaaniečiai liko gyventi Gezeryje tarp jų.

30 Ir Zabulonas neišvarė Kitrono bei Nahalolo gyventojų; ir kanaaniečiai gyveno tarp jų, mokėdami duoklę.

31 Ašeras neišvarė gyventojų iš Sidono, Achlabo, Achzibo, Helbos, Afeko ir ehobo.

32 Ašerai gyveno tarp kanaaniečių, to krašto gyventojų, nes jie nebuvo išvaryti.

33 Neftalis irgi neišvarė Bet Šemešo nei Bet Anato gyventojų; jie liko gyventi Kanaano šalyje, bet mokėjo Neftaliui duoklę.

34 Amoritai spaudė Dano giminę kalnuose ir neleido jiems nusileisti į lygumą.

35 Amoritai toliau gyveno Har Herese, Ajalone ir Šaalbime. Tačiau Juozapo giminė nugalėjo juos ir privertė mokėti duoklę.

36 Amoritų žemės tęsėsi nuo Akrabimo aukštumos ir Selos į kalnus.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:26, 49:8, 24

Išėjimas 18:1, 15

Leviticus 24:19, 20

Skaičiai 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronomija 2:23, 34:3, 4

Joshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Teisėjai 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

1 Samuelis 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

1 Karaliai 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 karaliai 18:7, 23:29

1 kronikos 2:55

Psalmės 106:34

Izaijas 33:1

Jeremijas 25:20

Zefanija 3:19

Matas 7:1, 15:27

Apreiškimas 22:12

Významy biblických slov

izraelitai
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Judas
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

simeonas
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

dešimt
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

pabėgo
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

dievas
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

mirė
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

pietuose
'South' denotes truth in light.

hebronas
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

kalebas
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

sūnus
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

žemės
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

vandens
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Mozės
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

į pietus
'South' denotes truth in light.

apsigyveno
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gyventojų
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

vaikai
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Gyventi
'Inhabit' refers to good.

vyras
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Izraelis
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

efraimas
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

neftalis
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

nusileisti
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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