Joshua 9

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1 Išgirdę apie tai hetitų, amoritų, kanaaniečių, perizų, hivų ir jebusiečių karaliai, gyvenantys anapus Jordano, kalnuose, žemumoje ir palei Didžiosios jūros pakrantę link Libano,

2 susirinko kartu kovoti prieš Jozuę ir Izraelį.

3 Gibeoniečiai, išgirdę, ką Jozuė padarė Jerichui ir Ajui,

4 pasielgė klastingai. Jie pasiėmė maisto senuose maišuose ant asilų, sudriskusių ir apraišiotų vyno odinių,

5 apsiavė nudėvėta ir sulopyta avalyne, apsivilko nudėvėtais drabužiais; duona, kurią pasiėmė, buvo sudžiūvusi ir supelėjusi.

6 Atėję pas Jozuę į Gilgalo stovyklą, jie kalbėjo jam ir Izraelio vyrams: “Iš tolimos šalies atvykome su jumis sudaryti taikos sutartį”.

7 Izraelitai tarė hivams: “Gal jūs gyvenate mūsų žemėje? Kaip mes galėtume su jumis tartis?”

8 Jie atsakė Jozuei: “Mes esame tavo tarnai”. Jozuė paklausė: “Kas jūs esate ir iš kur atvykote?”

9 Jie atsakė jam: “Iš labai tolimos šalies atvykome dėl Viešpaties, tavo Dievo, vardo, nes mes girdėjome apie Jį visa, ką Jis padarė Egipte

10 ir anapus Jordano gyvenusiems amoritų karaliams: Sihonui, Hešbono karaliui, ir Ogui, Bašano karaliui, kuris gyveno Aštarote.

11 Mūsų vyresnieji ir visi šalies gyventojai patarė mums: ‘Pasiimkite maisto kelionei, eikite jų pasitikti kaip jų tarnai ir prašykite sudaryti taikos sutartį’.

12 Štai mūsų duona, kurią mes dar šiltą pasiėmėme iš savo namų išvykdami pas jus, dabar sudžiūvusi ir supelėjusi.

13 Šitos vyno odinės, kai jas prisipylėme, buvo naujos, dabar jos suplyšusios; taip pat mūsų drabužiai ir avalynė nuplyšo dėl tolimos kelionės”.

14 Izraelitai priėmė jų maistą, nepasiklausę Viešpaties patarimo.

15 Jozuė sudarė su jais taikos sutartį, pažadėdamas palikti juos gyvus, o izraelitų kunigaikščiai prisiekė jiems.

16 Praėjus trims dienoms po sutarties sudarymo, jie išgirdo, kad tai yra jų kaimynai, gyveną jų žemėje.

17 Tada izraelitai iškeliavo ir trečią dieną pasiekė jų miestus: Gibeoną, Kefyrą, Beerotą ir Kirjat Jearimą.

18 Izraelitai nežudė jų, nes tautos kunigaikščiai jiems buvo prisiekę Viešpačiu, Izraelio Dievu, laikytis sutarties. Izraelitai murmėjo prieš kunigaikščius,

19 kurie sakė: “Mes jiems prisiekėme Viešpačiu, Izraelio Dievu, todėl dabar negalime jų liesti.

20 Štai ką jiems padarysime: paliksime juos gyvus, kad Viešpats nebaustų mūsų dėl priesaikos.

21 Tegul jie lieka gyvi, bet padarykime juos malkų kirtėjais ir vandens nešikais Izraeliui, kaip kunigaikščiai jiems pažadėjo”.

22 Jozuė, pasišaukęs gibeoniečius, klausė: “Kodėl mums melavote, sakydami: ‘Mes gyvename labai toli nuo jūsų’, kai gyvenate šalia mūsų?

23 Todėl dabar jūs esate prakeikti ir visą laiką būsite vergais, malkų kirtėjais ir vandens nešikais mano Dievo namams”.

24 Jie atsakė Jozuei: “Tavo tarnams buvo aiškiai pranešta, kad Viešpats, tavo Dievas, įsakė savo tarnui Mozei jums atiduoti visą šią šalį ir išnaikinti visus šio krašto gyventojus. Mes labai bijojome dėl savo gyvybių ir taip padarėme.

25 Dabar mes esame tavo rankose; pasielk su mumis, kaip tau atrodo teisinga”.

26 Jis paliko juos gyvus ir apsaugojo nuo izraelitų, kurie norėjo juos išžudyti.

27 Jozuė juos padarė malkų kirtėjais ir vandens nešikais Izraeliui ir Viešpaties aukurui iki šios dienos toje vietoje, kurią Viešpats išsirinko.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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jūros
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vyno
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

duona
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

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izraelitai
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tarnai
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dievo
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

vyresnieji
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Gyventojai
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

avalynė
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po
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

išgirdo
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

dieną
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

murmėjo
'To murmur' denotes complaint and pain from the bitterness of temptation.

sakė
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liesti
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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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