Joshua 4

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1 Visai tautai perėjus per Jordaną, Viešpats tarė Jozuei:

2 “Paimk iš tautos dvylika vyrų, iš kiekvienos giminės po vieną,

3 ir jiems įsakyk: ‘Imkite iš Jordano vidurio, iš tos vietos, kur stovėjo kunigų kojos, dvylika akmenų, neškite juos ir padėkite ten, kur šiąnakt nakvosite’ ”.

4 Jozuė pasišaukė dvylika vyrų, kuriuos buvo paskyręs iš kiekvienos izraelitų giminės.

5 Ir Jozuė sakė jiems: “Nueikite prie Viešpaties, jūsų Dievo, skrynios į Jordano vidurį ir paimkite po akmenį ant peties, po vieną kiekvienai giminei,

6 kad tai būtų ženklas tarp jūsų. Kai ateityje jūsų vaikai klaus, ką šitie akmenys reiškia,

7 jiems atsakykite: ‘Jordano vanduo buvo išdžiūvęs, Viešpaties Sandoros skryniai keliantis per Jordaną’. Šitie akmenys bus atminimas izraelitams per amžius”.

8 Izraelitai padarė taip, kaip Jozuė įsakė. Jie paėmė dvylika akmenų iš Jordano vidurio, kaip Viešpats įsakė Jozuei, pagal Izraelio giminių skaičių, juos nunešė į nakvynės vietą ir ten padėjo.

9 Jozuė taip pat sudėjo dvylika akmenų Jordano viduryje, kur stovėjo kunigai, nešantys Sandoros skrynią. Jie ten yra iki šios dienos.

10 Kunigai, nešantys skrynią, stovėjo Jordano viduryje, iki viskas buvo atlikta, ką Viešpats įsakė Jozuei per Mozę. Tuo metu tauta skubiai perėjo Jordaną.

11 Kai visa tauta buvo perėjusi, Viešpaties skrynia kartu su kunigais taip pat perėjo.

12 ubeno, Gado ir pusė Manaso giminės apsiginklavę perėjo izraelitų priekyje, kaip jiems Mozė liepė.

13 Apie keturiasdešimt tūkstančių apsiginklavusių ir pasirengusių kautynėms vyrų perėjo Viešpaties akivaizdoje į Jericho lygumas.

14 dieną Viešpats išaukštino Jozuę viso Izraelio akyse; ir jie bijojo jo, kaip jie bijojo Mozės, visą jo gyvenimą.

15 Viešpats tarė Jozuei:

16 “Įsakyk kunigams, nešantiems Liudijimo skrynią, kad jie išeitų iš Jordano”.

17 Ir Jozuė įsakė kunigams: “Išeikite iš Jordano!”

18 Vos išėjus kunigams, nešantiems Viešpaties Sandoros skrynią, iš Jordano, vanduo sugrįžo į savo vietą ir išsiliejo, kaip anksčiau, per jo krantus.

19 Tauta perėjo per Jordaną pirmojo mėnesio dešimtą dieną ir ištiesė palapines Gilgale, Jericho rytų pusėje.

20 Tuos dvylika akmenų, kuriuos jie paėmė iš Jordano, Jozuė sustatė Gilgale.

21 Jis kalbėjo izraelitams: “Kai ateityje jūsų vaikai klaus tėvų, ką reiškia šitie akmenys,

22 jūs paaiškinsite savo vaikams: ‘Sausu dugnu Izraelis perėjo per Jordaną’.

23 Viešpats, jūsų Dievas, išdžiovino Jordano vandenį prieš jus, kol perėjote, kaip Jis padarė audonajai jūrai, išdžiovindamas ją prieš mus, kol perėjome;

24 kad visos žemės tautos žinotų, jog Viešpats yra galingas, ir kad jūs visuomet bijotumėte Viešpaties, savo Dievo”.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Významy biblických slov

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Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

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