Genesis 18

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1 Viešpats pasirodė Abraomui prie Mamrės ąžuolų, kai jis sėdėjo palapinės prieangyje pačioje dienos kaitroje.

2 Jis, pakėlęs akis, pamatė tris vyrus, stovinčius prieš jį. Jis išbėgo iš palapinės ir, nusilenkęs iki žemės,

3 tarė: “Mano Viešpatie, jei radau malonę Tavo akyse, prašau, neaplenk savo tarno!

4 Leiskite atnešti kiek vandens nusiplauti kojoms, pailsėkite po medžiu,

5 kol atnešiu duonos kąsnį jums pasistiprinti. Po to galėsite toliau keliauti, nes tam juk atėjote pas savo tarną”. Jie tarė: “Daryk taip, kaip sakei!”

6 Abraomas nuskubėjo į palapinę pas Sarą ir tarė: “Skubiai įmaišyk tris saikus geriausių miltų ir iškepk papločių”.

7 Abraomas nubėgo pas gyvulius ir, paėmęs rinktinį veršiuką, padavė tarnui, o tas skubėjo jį paruošti.

8 Jis ėmė sviesto, pieno ir veršiuką, kurį buvo paruošęs, ir patiekė jiems. O jis pats, jiems valgant, stovėjo prie jų po medžiu.

9 Jie paklausė jį: “Kur yra tavo žmona Sara?” Jis atsakė: “Palapinėje”.

10 Vienas iš jų tarė: “Aš tikrai sugrįšiu pas tave kitais metais šiuo laiku, ir tavo žmona Sara turės sūnų!” Tuo metu Sara klausėsi palapinės prieangyje, kuris buvo jų.

11 Abraomas ir Sara buvo seni, sulaukę žilos senatvės. Sarai nebebūdavo to, kas būna moterims.

12 Todėl Sara savyje juokėsi: “Būdama pasenusi ir mano viešpačiui esant senam, argi dar turėsiu malonumą?”

13 Viešpats tarė Abraomui: “Kodėl Sara juokėsi, sakydama: ‘Ar aš iš tikrųjų gimdysiu, būdama pasenusi?’

14 Ar yra kas nors Viešpačiui neįmanoma? Kitais metais, numatytu laiku, Aš sugrįšiu pas tave, ir Sara turės sūnų!”

15 Sara gynėsi, sakydama: “Aš nesijuokiau”, nes išsigando. O Jis tarė: “Ne! Tu juokeisi!”

16 Po to tie vyrai pakilo ir ėjo Sodomos link, o Abraomas ėjo su jais, norėdamas juos palydėti.

17 Viešpats tarė: “Ar Aš slėpsiu nuo Abraomo, ką ketinu daryti?

18 Juk Abraomas tikrai taps didele ir galinga tauta, jame bus palaimintos visos žemės tautos.

19 Nes Aš žinau, kad jis įsakys savo vaikams ir savo namams po savęs laikytis Viešpaties kelio ir daryti, kas yra teisinga ir teisu, kad Viešpats galėtų ištesėti Abraomui, ką Jis kalbėjo apie jį”.

20 Viešpats tarė: “Sodomos ir Gomoros šauksmas yra garsus, o jų nuodėmė­labai sunki.

21 Aš nusileisiu ir pažiūrėsiu, ar jų nusikaltimai atitinka šauksmą, pasiekusį mane. Jeigu ne, Aš sužinosiu”.

22 Tie vyrai ėjo toliau, o Abraomas pasiliko bestovįs Viešpaties akivaizdoje.

23 Abraomas priartėjęs tarė: “Ar sunaikinsi teisųjį kartu su nusikaltėliu?

24 Galbūt penkiasdešimt teisiųjų yra mieste. Ar tikrai sunaikinsi ir neatleisi tai vietovei dėl penkių dešimčių teisiųjų?

25 Tai nėra Tavo būdas nužudyti teisųjį su nusikaltėliu, kad teisusis gautų tą patį kaip piktadarys! Ar visos žemės Teisėjas pasielgs neteisingai?”

26 Viešpats tarė: “Jei Sodomos mieste rasiu penkiasdešimt teisiųjų, tai pasigailėsiu visos vietovės”.

27 Abraomas atsakė: “Štai, išdrįsau kalbėti Viešpačiui, nors esu dulkė ir pelenai.

28 Galbūt iki penkiasdešimt teisiųjų trūks penkių. Ar dėl keturiasdešimt penkių sunaikinsi visą miestą?” Jis tarė: “Nesunaikinsiu, jei ten rasiu keturiasdešimt penkis”.

29 Abraomas toliau kalbėjo: “Galbūt ten atsiras tik keturiasdešimt?” Jis atsakė: “Dėl keturiasdešimties nesunaikinsiu”.

30 Tada jis tarė: “Nesirūstink, Viešpatie, kad drįstu kalbėti. Galbūt ten atsiras tik trisdešimt”. O Jis atsakė: “Nieko nedarysiu, jei ten rasiu trisdešimt”.

31 Tada jis tarė: “Štai išdrįsau kalbėti Viešpačiui. Galbūt ten atsiras dvidešimt!” O Jis tarė: “Nesunaikinsiu ir dėl dvidešimties”.

32 Tada jis tarė: “Nesirūstink, Viešpatie, jei išdrįsiu dar kartą kalbėti. Galbūt ten atsiras dešimt?” O Jis atsakė: “Nesunaikinsiu ir dėl dešimties”.

33 Viešpats, baigęs kalbėti su Abraomu, nuėjo, o Abraomas sugrįžo į savo vietą.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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