Micham 1

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1 Verbum Domini, quod factum est ad Michæam Morasthitea, in diebus Joathan, Achaz, et Ezechiæ, regum Juda, quod vidit super Samariam et Jerusalem.

2 Audite, populi omnes, et attendat terra, et plenitudo ejus : et sit Dominus Deus vobis in testem, Dominus de templo sancto suo.

3 Quia ecce Dominus egredietur de loco suo, et descendet, et calcabit super excelsa terræ.

4 Et consumentur montes subtus eum, et valles scindentur sicut cera a facie ignis, et sicut aquæ quæ decurrunt in præceps.

5 In scelere Jacob omne istud, et in peccatis domus Israël. Quod scelus Jacob ? nonne Samaria ? et quæ excelsa Judæ ? nonne Jerusalem ?

6 Et ponam Samariam quasi acervum lapidum in agro, cum plantatur vinea ; et detraham in vallem lapides ejus, et fundamenta ejus revelabo.

7 Et omnia sculptilia ejus concidentur, et omnes mercedes ejus comburentur igne, et omnia idola ejus ponam in perditionem, quia de mercedibus meretricis congregata sunt, et usque ad mercedem meretricis revertentur.

8 Super hoc plangam, et ululabo ; vadam spoliatus, et nudus ; faciam planctum velut draconum, et luctum quasi struthionum :

9 quia desperata est plaga ejus, quia venit usque ad Judam ; tetigit portam populi mei usque ad Jerusalem.

10 In Geth nolite annuntiare ; lacrimis ne ploretis ; in domo pulveris pulvere vos conspergite.

11 Et transite vobis, habitatio pulchra, confusa ignominia : non est egressa quæ habitat in exitu : planctum domus vicina accipiet ex vobis, quæ stetit sibimet.

12 Quia infirmata est in bonum, quæ habitat in amaritudinibus ; quia descendit malum a Domino in portam Jerusalem.

13 Tumultus quadrigæ stuporis habitanti Lachis : principium peccati est filiæ Sion, quia in te inventa sunt scelera Israël.

14 Propterea dabit emissarios super hæreditatem Geth, domus mendacii in deceptionem regibus Israël.

15 Adhuc hæredem adducam tibi quæ habitas in Maresa ; usque ad Odollam veniet gloria Israël.

16 Decalvare, et tondere super filios deliciarum tuarum ; dilata calvitium tuum sicut aquila, quoniam captivi ducti sunt ex te.



Exploring the Meaning of Micham 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

De Sensu Interno Librorum Propheticorum et Psalmorum Davidis 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Scriptura Sacra 35

Doctrina Vitae pro Novae Hierosolyma 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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juda
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vidit
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

jerusalem
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audite
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terra
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dominus
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samaria
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fundamenta
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nudus
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faciam planctum velut draconum, et luctum quasi struthionum
In Micah 1:8, dragons have respect to the devastation of good, and daughters of the night monster to the devastation of truth.

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venit
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pulveris
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malum
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

regibus
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dilata calvitium
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

calvitium
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