Judicum 13



1 Rursumque filii Israël fecerunt malum in conspectu Domini : qui tradidit eos in manus Philisthinorum quadraginta annis.

2 Erat autem quidam vir de Saraa, et de stirpe Dan, nomine Manue, habens uxorem sterilem.

3 Cui apparuit angelus Domini, et dixit ad eam : Sterilis es et absque liberis : sed concipies, et paries filium :

4 cave ergo ne bibas vinum ac siceram, nec immundum quidquam comedas :

5 quia concipies, et paries filium, cujus non tanget caput novacula : erit enim nazaræus Dei ab infantia sua, et ex matris utero, et ipse incipiet liberare Israël de manu Philisthinorum.

6 Quæ cum venisset ad maritum suum, dixit ei : Vir Dei venit ad me, habens vultum angelicum, terribilis nimis. Quem cum interrogassem quis esset, et unde venisset, et quo nomine vocaretur, noluit mihi dicere :

7 sed hoc respondit : Ecce concipies et paries filium : cave ne vinum bibas, nec siceram, et ne aliquo vescaris immundo : erit enim puer nazaræus Dei ab infantia sua, ex utero matris suæ usque ad diem mortis suæ.

8 Oravit itaque Manue Dominum, et ait : Obsecro, Domine, ut vir Dei, quem misisti, veniat iterum, et doceat nos quid debeamus facere de puero, qui nasciturus est.

9 Exaudivitque Dominus deprecantem Manue, et apparuit rursum angelus Dei uxori ejus sedenti in agro : Manue autem maritus ejus non erat cum ea. Quæ cum vidisset angelum,

10 festinavit, et cucurrit ad virum suum : nuntiavitque ei, dicens : Ecce apparuit mihi vir, quem ante videram.

11 Qui surrexit, et secutus est uxorem suam : veniensque ad virum, dixit ei : Tu es qui locutus es mulieri ? Et ille respondit : Ego sum.

12 Cui Manue : Quando, inquit, sermo tuus fuerit expletus, quid vis ut faciat puer ? aut a quo se observare debebit ?

13 Dixitque angelus Domini ad Manue : Ab omnibus, quæ locutus sum uxori tuæ, abstineat se :

14 et quidquid ex vinea nascitur, non comedat : vinum et siceram non bibat, nullo vescatur immundo : et quod ei præcepi, impleat atque custodiat.

15 Dixitque Manue ad angelum Domini : Obsecro te ut acquiescas precibus meis, et faciamus tibi hædum de capris.

16 Cui respondit angelus : Si me cogis, non comedam panes tuos : si autem vis holocaustum facere, offer illud Domino. Et nesciebat Manue quod angelus Domini esset.

17 Dixitque ad eum : Quod est tibi nomen, ut, si sermo tuus fuerit expletus, honoremus te ?

18 Cui ille respondit : Cur quæris nomen meum, quod est mirabile ?

19 Tulit itaque Manue hædum de capris, et libamenta, et posuit super petram, offerens Domino, qui facit mirabilia : ipse autem et uxor ejus intuebantur.

20 Cumque ascenderet flamma altaris in cælum, angelus Domini pariter in flamma ascendit. Quod cum vidissent Manue et uxor ejus, proni ceciderunt in terram,

21 et ultra eis non apparuit angelus Domini. Statimque intellexit Manue angelum Domini esse,

22 et dixit ad uxorem suam : Morte moriemur, quia vidimus Deum.

23 Cui respondit mulier : Si Dominus nos vellet occidere, de manibus nostris holocaustum et libamenta non suscepisset, nec ostendisset nobis hæc omnia, neque ea quæ sunt ventura dixisset.

24 Peperit itaque filium, et vocavit nomen ejus Samson. Crevitque puer, et benedixit ei Dominus.

25 Cœpitque spiritus Domini esse cum eo in castris Dan inter Saraa et Esthaol.


Exploring the Meaning of Judicum 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.


Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

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