Joshue 24

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1 Congregavitque Josue omnes tribus Israël in Sichem, et vocavit majores natu, ac principes, et judices, et magistros : steteruntque in conspectu Domini :

2 et ad populum sic locutus est : Hæc dicit Dominus Deus Israël : Trans fluvium habitaverunt patres vestri ab initio, Thare pater Abraham et Nachor : servieruntque diis alienis.

3 Tuli ergo patrem vestrum Abraham de Mesopotamiæ finibus, et adduxi eum in terram Chanaan, multiplicavique semen ejus,

4 et dedi ei Isaac : illique rursum dedi Jacob et Esau. E quibus, Esau dedi montem Seir ad possidendum : Jacob vero et filii ejus descenderunt in Ægyptum.

5 Misique Moysen et Aaron, et percussi Ægyptum multis signis atque portentis.

6 Eduxique vos et patres vestros de Ægypto, et venistis ad mare : persecutique sunt Ægyptii patres vestros cum curribus et equitatu, usque ad mare Rubrum.

7 Clamaverunt autem ad Dominum filii Israël : qui posuit tenebras inter vos et Ægyptios, et adduxit super eos mare, et operuit eos. Viderunt oculi vestri cuncta quæ in Ægypto fecerim, et habitastis in solitudine multo tempore :

8 et introduxi vos in terram Amorrhæi, qui habitabat trans Jordanem. Cumque pugnarent contra vos, tradidi eos in manus vestras, et possedistis terram eorum, atque interfecistis eos.

9 Surrexit autem Balac filius Sephor rex Moab, et pugnavit contra Israëlem. Misitque et vocavit Balaam filium Beor, ut malediceret vobis :

10 et ego nolui audire eum, sed e contrario per illum benedixi vobis, et liberavi vos de manu ejus.

11 Transistisque Jordanem, et venistis ad Jericho. Pugnaveruntque contra vos viri civitatis ejus, Amorrhæus et Pherezæus, et Chananæus, et Hethæus, et Gergezæus, et Hevæus, et Jebusæus : et tradidi illos in manus vestras.

12 Misique ante vos crabrones : et ejeci eos de locis suis, duos reges Amorrhæorum, non in gladio nec in arcu tuo.

13 Dedique vobis terram, in qua non laborastis, et urbes quas non ædificastis, ut habitaretis in eis : vineas, et oliveta, quæ non plantastis.

14 Nunc ergo timete Dominum, et servite ei perfecto corde atque verissimo : et auferte deos quibus servierunt patres vestri in Mesopotamia et in Ægypto, ac servite Domino.

15 Sin autem malum vobis videtur ut Domino serviatis, optio vobis datur : eligite hodie quod placet, cui servire potissimum debeatis : utrum diis, quibus servierunt patres vestri in Mesopotamia, an diis Amorrhæorum, in quorum terra habitatis : ego autem et domus mea serviemus Domino.

16 Responditque populus, et ait : Absit a nobis ut relinquamus Dominum, et serviamus diis alienis.

17 Dominus Deus noster ipse eduxit nos, et patres nostros, de terra Ægypti, de domo servitutis : fecitque videntibus nobis signa ingentia, et custodivit nos in omni via, per quam ambulavimus, et in cunctis populis, per quos transivimus.

18 Et ejecit universas gentes, Amorrhæum habitatorem terræ, quam nos intravimus. Serviemus igitur Domino, quia ipse est Deus noster.

19 Dixitque Josue ad populum : Non poteritis servire Domino : Deus enim sanctus et fortis æmulator est, nec ignoscet sceleribus vestris atque peccatis.

20 Si dimiseritis Dominum, et servieritis diis alienis, convertet se, et affliget vos, atque subvertet postquam vobis præstiterit bona.

21 Dixitque populus ad Josue : Nequaquam ita ut loqueris erit, sed Domino serviemus.

22 Et Josue ad populum : Testes, inquit, vos estis, quia ipsi elegeritis vobis Dominum ut serviatis ei. Responderuntque : Testes.

23 Nunc ergo, ait, auferte deos alienos de medio vestri, et inclinate corda vestra ad Dominum Deum Israël.

24 Dixitque populus ad Josue : Domino Deo nostro serviemus, et obedientes erimus præceptis ejus.

25 Percussit ergo Josue in die illo fœdus, et proposuit populo præcepta atque judicia in Sichem.

26 Scripsit quoque omnia verba hæc in volumine legis Domini : et tulit lapidem pergrandem, posuitque eum subter quercum, quæ erat in sanctuario Domini :

27 et dixit ad omnem populum : En lapis iste erit vobis in testimonium, quod audierit omnia verba Domini, quæ locutus est vobis : ne forte postea negare velitis, et mentiri Domino Deo vestro.

28 Dimisitque populum, singulos in possessionem suam.

29 Et post hæc mortuus est Josue filius Nun servus Domini, centum et decem annorum :

30 sepelieruntque eum in finibus possessionis suæ in Thamnathsare, quæ est sita in monte Ephraim, a septentrionali parte montis Gaas.

31 Servivitque Israël Domino cunctis diebus Josue et seniorum, qui longo vixerunt tempore post Josue, et qui noverunt omnia opera Domini quæ fecerat in Israël.

32 Ossa quoque Joseph, quæ tulerant filii Israël de Ægypto, sepelierunt in Sichem, in parte agri quem emerat Jacob a filiis Hemor patris Sichem, centum novellis ovibus, et fuit in possessionem filiorum Joseph.

33 Eleazar quoque filius Aaron mortuus est : et sepelierunt eum in Gabaath Phinees filii ejus, quæ data est ei in monte Ephraim.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 659

Coronis 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

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Významy biblických slov

principes
'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

dicit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Deus
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

patres
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

pater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) is one of the major characters in the story of the sacred...

terram
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

Chanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

semen
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

esau
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

filii
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Ægyptios
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

operuit
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

oculi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

rex
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

filius
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

misique
'Hornets,' as mentioned in Exodus 23:28, signify falsities of a tormenting and destructive kind, striking with formidable terror, or the dread of those who are...

ante
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

crabrones
'Hornets,' as mentioned in Exodus 23:28, signify falsities of a tormenting and destructive kind, striking with formidable terror, or the dread of those who are...

gladio
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

urbes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

deos
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hodie
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

terra
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

nobis
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

via
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

scripsit
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

subter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

lapis
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

locutus est
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

post
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

mortuus est
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

mortuus
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

servus
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

centum
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

decem
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

finibus
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

diebus
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

opera
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

agri
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

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