Joshue 21

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Vulgata Clementina         

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1 Accesseruntque principes familiarum Levi ad Eleazarum sacerdotem, et Josue filium Nun, et ad duces cognationum per singulas tribus filiorum Israël :

2 locutique sunt ad eos in Silo terræ Chanaan, atque dixerunt : Dominus præcepit per manum Moysi, ut darentur nobis urbes ad habitandum, et suburbana earum ad alenda jumenta.

3 Dederuntque filii Israël de possessionibus suis juxta imperium Domini, civitates et suburbana earum.

4 Egressaque est sors in familiam Caath filiorum Aaron sacerdotis, de tribubus Juda, et Simeon, et Benjamin, civitates tredecim :

5 et reliquis filiorum Caath, id est Levitis, qui superfuerant, de tribubus Ephraim, et Dan, et dimidia tribu Manasse, civitates decem.

6 Porro filii Gerson egressa est sors, ut acciperent de tribubus Issachar et Aser et Nephthali, dimidiaque tribu Manasse in Basan, civitates numero tredecim.

7 Et filiis Merari per cognationes suas de tribubus Ruben et Gad et Zabulon urbes duodecim.

8 Dederuntque filii Israël Levitis civitates et suburbana earum, sicut præcepit Dominus per manum Moysi, singulis sorte tribuentes.

9 De tribubus filiorum Juda et Simeon dedit Josue civitates : quarum ista sunt nomina,

10 filiis Aaron per familias Caath Levitici generis (prima enim sors illis egressa est).

11 Cariatharbe patris Enac, quæ vocatur Hebron, in monte Juda, et suburbana ejus per circuitum.

12 Agros vero et villas ejus dederat Caleb filio Jephone ad possidendum.

13 Dedit ergo filiis Aaron sacerdotis Hebron confugii civitatem, ac suburbana ejus : et Lobnam cum suburbanis suis :

14 et Jether, et Esthemo,

15 et Holon, et Dabir,

16 et Ain, et Jeta, et Bethsames, cum suburbanis suis : civitates novem de tribubus, ut dictum est, duabus.

17 De tribu autem filiorum Benjamin, Gabaon, et Gabæ,

18 et Anathoth et Almon, cum suburbanis suis : civitates quatuor.

19 Omnes simul civitates filiorum Aaron sacerdotis, tredecim cum suburbanis suis.

20 Reliquis vero per familias filiorum Caath Levitici generis, hæc est data possessio.

21 De tribu Ephraim urbes confugii, Sichem cum suburbanis suis in monte Ephraim, et Gazer

22 et Cibsaim et Beth-horon, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quatuor.

23 De tribu quoque Dan, Eltheco et Gabathon,

24 et Ajalon et Gethremmon, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quatuor.

25 Porro de dimidia tribu Manasse, Thanach et Gethremmon, cum suburbanis suis, civitates duæ.

26 Omnes civitates decem, et suburbana earum, datæ sunt filiis Caath inferioris gradus.

27 Filiis quoque Gerson Levitici generis dedit de dimidia tribu Manasse confugii civitates, Gaulon in Basan, et Bosram, cum suburbanis suis, civitates duas.

28 Porro de tribu Issachar, Cesion, et Dabereth,

29 et Jaramoth, et Engannim, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quatuor.

30 De tribu autem Aser, Masal et Abdon,

31 et Helcath, et Rohob, cum suburbanis suis, civitates quatuor.

32 De tribu quoque Nephthali civitates confugii, Cedes in Galilæa, et Hammoth Dor, et Carthan, cum suburbanis suis, civitates tres.

33 Omnes urbes familiarum Gerson, tredecim, cum suburbanis suis.

34 Filiis autem Merari Levitis inferioris gradus per familias suas data est de tribu Zabulon, Jecnam, et Cartha

35 et Damna et Naalol, civitates quatuor cum suburbanis suis.

36 De tribu Ruben ultra Jordanem contra Jericho civitates refugii, Bosor in solitudine, Misor et Jaser et Jethson et Mephaath, civitates quatuor cum suburbanis suis.

37 De tribu Gad civitates confugii, Ramoth in Galaad, et Manaim et Hesebon et Jazer, civitates quatuor cum suburbanis suis.

38 Omnes urbes filiorum Merari per familias et cognationes suas, duodecim.

39 Itaque civitates universæ Levitarum in medio possessionis filiorum Israël fuerunt quadraginta octo

40 cum suburbanis suis, singulæ per familias distributæ.

41 Deditque Dominus Deus Israëli omnem terram, quam traditurum se patribus eorum juraverat : et possederunt illam, atque habitaverunt in ea.

42 Dataque est ab eo pax in omnes per circuitum nationes : nullusque eis hostium resistere ausus est, sed cunti in eorum ditionem redacti sunt.

43 Ne unum quidem verbum, quod illis præstiturum se esse promiserat, irritum fuit, sed rebus expleta sunt omnia.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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