Joshue 15

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1 Igitur sors filiorum Judæ per cognationes suas ista fuit : a termino Edom, desertum Sin, contra meridiem, et usque ad extremam partem australis plagæ.

2 Initium ejus a summitate maris salsissimi, et a lingua ejus, quæ respicit meridiem.

3 Egrediturque contra ascensum Scorpionis, et pertransit in Sina : ascenditque in Cadesbarne, et pervenit in Esron, ascendens ad Addar, et circuiens Carcaa,

4 atque inde pertransiens in Asemona, et perveniens ad torrentem Ægypti : eruntque termini ejus mare magnum. Hic erit finis meridianæ plagæ.

5 Ab oriente vero erit initium, mare salsissimum usque ad extrema Jordanis : et ea quæ respiciunt ad aquilonem, a lingua maris usque ad eumdem Jordanis fluvium.

6 Ascenditque terminus in Beth Hagla, et transit ab aquilone in Beth Araba, ascendens ad lapidem Boën filii Ruben :

7 et tendens usque ad terminos Debera de valle Achor, contra aquilonem respiciens Galgala, quæ est ex adverso ascensionis Adommim, ab australi parte torrentis : transitque aquas, quæ vocantur fons solis : et erunt exitus ejus ad fontem Rogel.

8 Ascenditque per convallem filii Ennom ex latere Jebusæi ad meridiem, hæc est Jerusalem : et inde se erigens ad verticem montis, qui est contra Geennom ad occidentem in summitate vallis Raphaim contra aquilonem :

9 pertransitque a vertice montis usque ad fontem aquæ Nephtoa : et pervenit usque ad vicos montis Ephron : inclinaturque in Baala, quæ est Cariathiarim, id est, urbs silvarum.

10 Et circuit de Baala contra occidentem, usque ad montem Seir : transitque juxta latus montis Jarim ad aquilonem in Cheslon : et descendit in Bethsames, transitque in Thamna.

11 Et pervenit contra aquilonem partis Accaron ex latere : inclinaturque Sechrona, et transit montem Baala : pervenitque in Jebneel, et magni maris contra occidentem fine concluditur.

12 Hi sunt termini filiorum Juda per circuitum in cognationibus suis.

13 Caleb vero filio Jephone dedit partem in medio filiorum Juda, sicut præceperat ei Dominus : Cariath Arbe patris Enac, ipsa est Hebron.

14 Delevitque ex ea Caleb tres filios Enac, Sesai et Ahiman et Tholmai de stirpe Enac.

15 Atque inde conscendens venit ad habitatores Dabir, quæ prius vocabatur Cariath Sepher, id est, civitas litterarum.

16 Dixitque Caleb : Qui percusserit Cariath Sepher, et ceperit eam, dabo ei Axam filiam meam uxorem.

17 Cepitque eam Othoniel filius Cenez frater Caleb junior : deditque ei Axam filiam suam uxorem.

18 Quæ, cum pergerent simul, suasa est a viro suo ut peteret a patre suo agrum. Suspiravitque ut sedebat in asino : cui Caleb : Quid habes ? inquit.

19 At illa respondit : Da mihi benedictionem : terram australem et arentem dedisti mihi ; junge et irriguam. Dedit itaque ei Caleb irriguum superius et inferius.

20 Hæc est possessio tribus filiorum Juda per cognationes suas.

21 Erantque civitates ab extremis partibus filiorum Juda juxta terminos Edom a meridie : Cabseel et Eder et Jagur,

22 et Cyna et Dimona et Adada,

23 et Cades et Asor et Jethnam,

24 Ziph et Telem et Baloth,

25 Asor nova et Carioth, Hesron, hæc est Asor ;

26 Amam, Sama, et Molada,

27 et Asergadda et Hassemon et Bethphelet,

28 et Hasersual et Bersabee et Baziothia,

29 et Baala et Jim et Esem,

30 et Eltholad et Cesil et Harma,

31 et Siceleg et Medemena et Sensenna,

32 Lebaoth et Selim et Aën et Remon. Omnes civitates viginti novem, et villæ earum.

33 In campestribus vero : Estaol et Sarea et Asena,

34 et Zanoë et Ængannim et Taphua et Enaim,

35 et Jerimoth et Adullam, Socho et Azeca,

36 et Saraim et Adithaim et Gedera et Gederothaim : urbes quatuordecim, et villæ earum.

37 Sanan et Hadassa et Magdalgad,

38 Delean et Masepha et Jecthel,

39 Lachis et Bascath et Eglon,

40 Chebbon et Leheman et Cethlis,

41 et Gideroth et Bethdagon et Naama et Maceda : civitates sedecim, et villæ earum.

42 Labana et Ether et Asan,

43 Jephtha et Esna et Nesib,

44 et Ceila et Achzib et Maresa : civitates novem, et villæ earum.

45 Accaron cum vicis et villulis suis.

46 Ab Accaron usque ad mare : omnia quæ vergunt ad Azotum et viculos ejus.

47 Azotus cum vicis et villulis suis. Gaza cum vicis et villulis suis, usque ad torrentem Ægypti, et mare magnum terminus ejus.

48 Et in monte : Samir et Jether et Socoth

49 et Danna et Cariathsenna, hæc est Dabir :

50 Anab et Istemo et Anim,

51 Gosen et Olon et Gilo : civitates undecim et villæ earum.

52 Arab et Ruma et Esaan,

53 et Janum et Beththaphua et Apheca,

54 Athmatha, et Cariath Arbe, hæc est Hebron, et Sior : civitates novem, et villæ earum.

55 Maon et Carmel et Ziph et Jota,

56 Jezraël et Jucadam et Zanoë,

57 Accain, Gabaa et Thamna : civitates decem et villæ earum.

58 Halhul, et Besur, et Gedor,

59 Mareth, et Bethanoth, et Eltecon : civitates sex et villæ earum.

60 Cariathbaal, hæc est Cariathiarim urbs silvarum, et Arebba : civitates duæ, et villæ earum.

61 In deserto Betharaba, Meddin, et Sachacha,

62 et Nebsan, et civitas salis, et Engaddi : civitates sex, et villæ earum.

63 Jebusæum autem habitatorem Jerusalem non potuerunt filii Juda delere : habitavitque Jebusæus cum filiis Juda in Jerusalem usque in præsentem diem.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Numeri 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronomium 2:23

Joshue 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Judicum 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1 Samuelis 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2 Samuelis 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

3 Regum 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

4 Regum 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

Paralipomenon 1 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

Paralipomenon 2 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Nehemiae 11:25, 30

Hiob 2:11

Canticum Canticorum 1:14

Esaias 17:5, 27:12

Jeremias 7:31, 19:2

Ezechiel 48:7

Micham 1:14, 15

Sacharia 14:10

Významy biblických slov

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

meridiem
'South' denotes truth in light.

lingua
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

aquilonem
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

terminus
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

filii
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

aquas
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

vallis
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ephron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

urbs
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

latus
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

descendit
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

dedit
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

medio
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

uxorem
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

filius
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

frater
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

est
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

terram
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

tribus
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

viginti
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

novem
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

urbes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Gabaa
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

decem
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

sex
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

salis
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

diem
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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