Joshue 12

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1 Hi sunt reges, quos percusserunt filii Israël, et possederunt terram eorum trans Jordanem ad solis ortum, a torrente Arnon usque ad montem Hermon, et omnem orientalem plagam, quæ respicit solitudinem.

2 Sehon rex Amorrhæorum, qui habitavit in Hesebon, dominatus est ab Aroër, quæ sita est super ripam torrentis Arnon, et mediæ partis in valle, dimidiæque Galaad, usque ad torrentem Jaboc, qui est terminus filiorum Ammon.

3 Et a solitudine usque ad mare Ceneroth contra orientem, et usque ad mare deserti, quod est mare salsissimum, ad orientalem plagam per viam quæ ducit Bethsimoth : et ab australi parte, quæ subjacet Asedoth, Phasga.

4 Terminus Og regis Basan, de reliquiis Raphaim, qui habitavit in Astaroth, et in Edrai, et dominatus est in monte Hermon, et in Salecha, atque in universa Basan, usque ad terminos

5 Gessuri, et Machati, et dimidiæ partis Galaad : terminos Sehon regis Hesebon.

6 Moyses famulus Domini, et filii Israël percusserunt eos, tradiditque terram eorum Moyses in possessionem Rubenitis, et Gaditis, et dimidiæ tribui Manasse.

7 Hi sunt reges terræ, quos percussit Josue et filii Israël trans Jordanem ad occidentalem plagam, a Baalgad in campo Libani, usque ad montem cujus pars ascendit in Seir : tradiditque eam Josue in possessionem tribubus Israël, singulis partes suas,

8 tam in montanis quam in planis atque campestribus. In Asedoth, et in solitudine, ac in meridie Hethæus fuit et Amorrhæus, Chananæus, et Pherezæus, Hevæus et Jebusæus.

9 Rex Jericho unus : Rex Hai, quæ est ex latere Bethel, unus :

10 rex Jerusalem unus, rex Hebron unus,

11 rex Jerimoth unus, rex Lachis unus,

12 rex Eglon unus, rex Gazer unus,

13 rex Dabir unus, rex Gader unus,

14 rex Herma unus, rex Hered unus,

15 rex Lebna unus, rex Odullam unus,

16 rex Maceda unus, rex Bethel unus,

17 rex Taphua unus, rex Opher unus,

18 rex Aphec unus, rex Saron unus,

19 rex Madon unus, rex Asor unus,

20 rex Semeron unus, rex Achsaph unus,

21 rex Thenac unus, rex Mageddo unus,

22 rex Cades unus, rex Jachanan Carmeli unus,

23 rex Dor, et provinciæ Dor unus, rex gentium Galgal unus,

24 rex Thersa unus : omnes reges triginta unus.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Numeri 21:1, 3, 21, 32:32, 34:11

Deuteronomium 1:4, 2:32, 3:1, 11, 4:44, 46

Joshue 3:10, 16, 6:2, 8:29, 10:23, 28, 29, 30, 33, 38, 39, 40, 11:1, 2, 16, 17, 23, 13:8, 12, 14:3, 18:7, 21:25, 34, 22:4

Judicum 1:9, 5:19

3 Regum 4:10, 12, 19, 14:17

Nehemiae 9:24

Psalms 135:11

Významy biblických slov

filii
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terram
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solis
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

rex
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesebon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

terminus
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

percussit
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

unus
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

hai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

Bethel
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jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Mageddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Carmeli
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

gentium
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

triginta
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