Amos 5

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Latin: Vulgata Clementina         

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1 Audite verbum istud, quod ego levo super vos planctum : domus Israël cecidit, et non adjiciet ut resurgat.

2 Virgo Israël projecta est in terram suam, non est qui suscitet eam.

3 Quia hæc dicit Dominus Deus : Urbs de qua egrediebantur mille, relinquentur in ea centum ; et de qua egrediebantur centum, relinquentur in ea decem in domo Israël.

4 Quia hæc dicit Dominus domui Israël : Quærite me, et vivetis.

5 Et nolite quærere Bethel, et in Galgalam nolite intrare, et in Bersabee non transibitis, quia Galgala captiva ducetur, et Bethel erit inutilis.

6 Quærite Dominum, et vivite (ne forte comburatur ut ignis domus Joseph, et devorabit, et non erit qui extinguat Bethel :

7 qui convertitis in absinthium judicium, et justitiam in terra relinquitis) :

8 facientem Arcturum et Orionem, et convertentem in mane tenebras, et diem in noctem mutantem ; qui vocat aquas maris, et effundit eas super faciem terræ ; Dominus nomen est ejus :

9 qui subridet vastitatem super robustum, et depopulationem super potentem affert.

10 Odio habuerunt corripientem in porta, et loquentem perfecte abominati sunt.

11 Idcirco, pro eo quod diripiebatis pauperem, et prædam electam tollebatis ab eo, domos quadro lapide ædificabitis, et non habitabitis in eis ; vineas plantabis amantissimas, et non bibetis vinum earum.

12 Quia cognovi multa scelera vestra, et fortia peccata vestra : hostes justi, accipientes munus, et pauperes deprimentes in porta.

13 Ideo prudens in tempore illo tacebit, quia tempus malum est.

14 Quærite bonum, et non malum, ut vivatis ; et erit Dominus Deus exercituum vobiscum, sicut dixistis.

15 Odite malum et diligite bonum, et constituite in porta judicium : si forte misereatur Dominus Deus exercituum reliquiis Joseph.

16 Propterea hæc dicit Dominus Deus exercituum, dominator : In omnibus plateis planctus ; et in cunctis quæ foris sunt, dicetur : Væ, væ ! et vocabunt agricolam ad luctum, et ad planctum eos qui sciunt plangere.

17 Et in omnibus vineis erit planctus, quia pertransibo in medio tui, dicit Dominus.

18 Væ desiderantibus diem Domini ! ad quid eam vobis ? Dies Domini ista, tenebræ, et non lux.

19 Quomodo si fugiat vir a facie leonis, et occurrat ei ursus ; et ingrediatur domum, et innitatur manu sua super parietem, et mordeat eum coluber.

20 Numquid non tenebræ dies Domini, et non lux ; et caligo, et non splendor in ea ?

21 Odi, et projeci festivitates vestras, et non capiam odorem cœtuum vestrorum.

22 Quod si obtuleritis mihi holocautomata, et munera vestra, non suscipiam ; et vota pinguium vestrorum non respiciam.

23 Aufer a me tumultum carminum tuorum ; et cantica lyræ tuæ non audiam.

24 Et revelabitur quasi aqua judicium, et justitia quasi torrens fortis.

25 Numquid hostias et sacrificium obtulistis mihi in deserto quadraginta annis, domus Israël ?

26 et portastis tabernaculum Moloch vestro, et imaginem idolorum vestrorum, sidus dei vestri, quæ fecistis vobis.

27 Et migrare vos faciam trans Damascum, dicit Dominus : Deus exercituum nomen ejus.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Librorum Propheticorum et Psalmorum Davidis 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypsis Revelata 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Domino 4, 38

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Scriptura Sacra 85

Vera Christiana Religio 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypsis Explicata 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canones Novae Ecclesiae 27

Coronis 5, 56

De Conjugio 51, 82

Dicta Probantia 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

dicit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

urbs
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

centum
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

decem
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

ignis
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

absinthium?
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

judicium
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

terra
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

mane
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

diem
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

noctem
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

faciem
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

odio
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

vinum
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

tempus
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

malum
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

bonum
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

Deus
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

exercituum
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

dies
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tenebræ
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

lux
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

vir
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

domum
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

aqua
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deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

quadraginta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


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