1 Samuelis 8

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1 Factum est autem cum senuisset Samuel, posuit filios suos judices Israël.

2 Fuitque nomen filii ejus primogeniti Joël : et nomen secundi Abia, judicum in Bersabee.

3 Et non ambulaverunt filii illius in viis ejus : sed declinaverunt post avaritiam, acceperuntque munera, et perverterunt judicium.

4 Congregati ergo universi majores natu Israël, venerunt ad Samuelem in Ramatha.

5 Dixeruntque ei : Ecce tu senuisti, et filii tui non ambulant in viis tuis : constitue nobis regem, ut judicet nos, sicut et universæ habent nationes.

6 Displicuit sermo in oculis Samuelis, eo quod dixissent : Da nobis regem, ut judicet nos. Et oravit Samuel ad Dominum.

7 Dixit autem Dominus ad Samuelem : Audi vocem populi in omnibus quæ loquuntur tibi : non enim te abjecerunt, sed me, ne regnem super eos.

8 Juxta omnia opera sua, quæ fecerunt a die qua eduxi eos de Ægypto usque ad diem hanc : sicut dereliquerunt me, et servierunt diis alienis, sic faciunt etiam tibi.

9 Nunc ergo vocem eorum audi : verumtamen contestare eos, et prædic eis jus regis, qui regnaturus est super eos.

10 Dixit itaque Samuel omnia verba Domini ad populum, qui petierat a se regem.

11 Et ait : Hoc erit jus regis, qui imperaturus est vobis : Filios vestros tollet, et ponet in curribus suis, facietque sibi equites et præcursores quadrigarum suarum,

12 et constituet sibi tribunos, et centuriones, et aratores agrorum suorum, et messores segetum, et fabros armorum et curruum suorum.

13 Filias quoque vestras faciet sibi unguentarias, et focarias, et panificas.

14 Agros quoque vestros, et vineas, et oliveta optima tollet, et dabit servis suis.

15 Sed et segetes vestras et vinearum reditus addecimabit, ut det eunuchis et famulis suis.

16 Servos etiam vestros, et ancillas, et juvenes optimos, et asinos auferet, et ponet in opere suo.

17 Greges quoque vestros addecimabit, vosque eritis ei servi.

18 Et clamabitis in die illa a facie regis vestri, quem elegistis vobis : et non exaudiet vos Dominus in die illa, quia petistis vobis regem.

19 Noluit autem populus audire vocem Samuelis, sed dixerunt : Nequaquam : rex enim erit super nos,

20 et erimus nos quoque sicut omnes gentes : et judicabit nos rex noster, et egredietur ante nos, et pugnabit bella nostra pro nobis.

21 Et audivit Samuel omnia verba populi, et locutus est ea in auribus Domini.

22 Dixit autem Dominus ad Samuelem : Audi vocem eorum, et constitue super eos regem. Et ait Samuel ad viros Israël : Vadat unusquisque in civitatem suam.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 638, 654, 919

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Významy biblických slov

'Samuel' signifies the Word.

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

filii tui
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

servis suis
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

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