1 Samuelis 4

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1 Et factum est in diebus illis, convenerunt Philisthiim in pugnam : et egressus est Israël obviam Philisthiim in prælium, et castrametatus est juxta lapidem Adjutorii. Porro Philisthiim venerunt in Aphec,

2 et instruxerunt aciem contra Israël. Inito autem certamine, terga vertit Israël Philisthæis : et cæsa sunt in illo certamine passim per agros, quasi quatuor millia virorum.

3 Et reversus est populus ad castra : dixeruntque majores natu de Israël : Quare percussit nos Dominus hodie coram Philisthiim ? Afferamus ad nos de Silo arcam fœderis Domini, et veniat in medium nostri, ut salvet nos de manu inimicorum nostrorum.

4 Misit ergo populus in Silo, et tulerunt inde arcam fœderis Domini exercituum sedentis super cherubim : erantque duo filii Heli cum arca fœderis Dei, Ophni et Phinees.

5 Cumque venisset arca fœderis Domini in castra, vociferatus est omnis Israël clamore grandi, et personuit terra.

6 Et audierunt Philisthiim vocem clamoris, dixeruntque : Quænam est hæc vox clamoris magni in castris Hebræorum ? Et cognoverunt quod arca Domini venisset in castra.

7 Timueruntque Philisthiim, dicentes : Venit Deus in castra. Et ingemuerunt, dicentes :

8 nobis : non enim fuit tanta exultatio heri et nudiustertius : væ nobis. Quis nos salvabit de manu deorum sublimium istorum ? hi sunt dii, qui percusserunt Ægyptum omni plaga in deserto.

9 Confortamini, et estote viri, Philisthiim : ne serviatis Hebræis, sicut et illi servierunt vobis : confortamini, et bellate.

10 Pugnaverunt ergo Philisthiim, et cæsus est Israël, et fugit unusquisque in tabernaculum suum : et facta est plaga magna nimis : et ceciderunt de Israël triginta millia peditum.

11 Et arca Dei capta est : duo quoque filii Heli mortui sunt, Ophni et Phinees.

12 Currens autem vir de Benjamin ex acie, venit in Silo in die illa, scissa veste, et conspersus pulvere caput.

13 Cumque ille venisset, Heli sedebat super sellam contra viam spectans. Erat enim cor ejus pavens pro arca Dei. Vir autem ille postquam ingressus est, nuntiavit urbi : et ululavit omnis civitas.

14 Et audivit Heli sonitum clamoris, dixitque : Quis est hic sonitus tumultus hujus ? At ille festinavit, et venit, et nuntiavit Heli.

15 Heli autem erat nonaginta et octo annorum, et oculi ejus caligaverant, et videre non poterat.

16 Et dixit ad Heli : Ego sum qui veni de prælio, et ego qui de acie fugi hodie. Cui ille ait : Quid actum est, fili mi ?

17 Respondens autem ille, qui nuntiabat : Fugit, inquit, Israël coram Philisthiim, et ruina magna facta est in populo : insuper et duo filii tui mortui sunt, Ophni et Phinees : et arca Dei capta est.

18 Cumque ille nominasset arcam Dei, cecidit de sella retrorsum juxta ostium, et fractis cervicibus mortuus est. Senex enim erat vir et grandævus : et ipse judicavit Israël quadraginta annis.

19 Nurus autem ejus, uxor Phinees, prægnans erat, vicinaque partui : et audito nuntio quod capta esset arca Dei, et mortuus esset socer suus, et vir suus, incurvavit se et peperit : irruerant enim in eam dolores subiti.

20 In ipso autem momento mortis ejus, dixerunt ei quæ stabant circa eam : Ne timeas, quia filium peperisti. Quæ non respondit eis, neque animadvertit.

21 Et vocabit puerum, Ichabod, dicens : Translata est gloria de Israël, quia capta est arca Dei, et pro socero suo et pro viro suo ;

22 et ait : Translata est gloria ab Israël, eo quod capta esset arca Dei.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:17, 18

Exodus 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Leviticus 26:17, 37

Numeri 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomium 29:10

Joshue 7:6, 15:53

Judicum 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuelis 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Samuelis 10:12

3 Regum 1:40, 20:26

Psalms 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Esaias 59:1, 2

Threni 2:1

Apocalypsis 11:6

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