1 Samuelis 3

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1 Puer autem Samuel ministrabat Domino coram Heli, et sermo Domini erat pretiosus in diebus illis, non erat visio manifesta.

2 Factum est ergo in die quadam, Heli jacebat in loco suo, et oculi ejus caligaverant, nec poterat videre :

3 lucerna Dei antequam extingueretur, Samuel dormiebat in templo Domini, ubi erat arca Dei.

4 Et vocavit Dominus Samuel. Qui respondens, ait : Ecce ego.

5 Et cucurrit ad Heli, et dixit : Ecce ego : vocasti enim me. Qui dixit : Non vocavi : revertere, et dormi. Et abiit, et dormivit.

6 Et adjecit Dominus rursum vocare Samuelem. Consurgensque Samuel, abiit ad Heli, et dixit : Ecce ego : quia vocasti me. Qui respondit : Non vocavi te, fili mi : revertere et dormi.

7 Porro Samuel necdum sciebat Dominum, neque revelatus fuerat ei sermo Domini.

8 Et adjecit Dominus, et vocavit adhuc Samuelem tertio. Qui consurgens abiit ad Heli,

9 et ait : Ecce ego : quia vocasti me. Intellexit ergo Heli quia Dominus vocaret puerum : et ait ad Samuelem : Vade, et dormi : et si deinceps vocaverit te, dices : Loquere, Domine, quia audit servus tuus. Abiit ergo Samuel, et dormivit in loco suo.

10 Et venit Dominus, et stetit : et vocavit, sicut vocaverat secundo : Samuel, Samuel. Et ait Samuel : Loquere, Domine, quia audit servus tuus.

11 Et dixit Dominus ad Samuelem : Ecce ego facio verbum in Israël : quod quicumque audierit, tinnient ambæ aures ejus.

12 In die illa suscitabo adversum Heli omnia quæ locutus sum super domum ejus : incipiam, et complebo.

13 Prædixi enim ei quod judicaturus essem domum ejus in æternum, propter iniquitatem, eo quod noverat indigne agere filios suos, et non corripuerit eos.

14 Idcirco juravi domui Heli quod non expietur iniquitas domus ejus victimis et muneribus usque in æternum.

15 Dormivit autem Samuel usque mane, aperuitque ostia domus Domini. Et Samuel timebat indicare visionem Heli.

16 Vocavit ergo Heli Samuelem, et dixit : Samuel fili mi ? Qui respondens ait : Præsto sum.

17 Et interrogavit eum : Quis est sermo, quem locutus est Dominus ad te ? oro te ne celaveris me : hæc faciat tibi Deus, et hæc addat, si absconderis a me sermonem ex omnibus verbis, quæ dicta sunt tibi.

18 Indicavit itaque ei Samuel universos sermones, et non abscondit ab eo. Et ille respondit : Dominus est : quod bonum est in oculis suis faciat.

19 Crevit autem Samuel, et Dominus erat cum eo, et non cecidit ex omnibus verbis ejus in terram.

20 Et cognovit universus Israël, a Dan usque Bersabee, quod fidelis Samuel propheta esset Domini.

21 Et addidit Dominus ut appareret in Silo, quoniam revelatus fuerat Dominus Samueli in Silo, juxta verbum Domini. Et evenit sermo Samuelis universo Israëli.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Apocalypsis Revelata 505

Doctrina Novae Hierosolymae de Scriptura Sacra 29

Vera Christiana Religio 211

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 532

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 22:1, 11, 27:1, 39:2, 3

Exodus 27:20, 21

Numeri 12:6, 15:30, 31, 23:17, 19

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Joshue 5:14, 21:45

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Ruth 1:17

1 Samuelis 2:11, 21, 26, 31, 4:10, 11, 15, 17, 21, 22, 9:6, 15, 10:7, 19, 14:44, 16:18, 18:5, 12, 14, 20:13, 25:22

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4 Regum 6:31, 10:10, 15:12, 21:12, 22:16

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Psalms 74:9, 85:9

Esaias 55:11

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I ad Timotheum 3:4, 5

Hebrews 1:1

Významy biblických slov

"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

'Samuel' signifies the Word.

'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

locutus est
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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