1 Samuelis 2

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Vulgata Clementina         

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1 Exultavit cor meum in Domino, et exaltatum est cornu meum in Deo meo : dilatatum est os meum super inimicos meos : quia lætata sum in salutari tuo.

2 Non est sanctus, ut est Dominus, neque enim est alius extra te, et non est fortis sicut Deus noster.

3 Nolite multiplicare loqui sublimia gloriantes : recedant vetera de ore vestro : quia Deus scientiarum, Dominus est, et ipsi præparantur cogitationes.

4 Arcus fortium superatus est, et infirmi accincti sunt robore.

5 Repleti prius, pro panibus se locaverunt : et famelici saturati sunt, donec sterilis peperit plurimos : et quæ multos habebat filios, infirmata est.

6 Dominus mortificat et vivificat, deducit ad inferos et reducit.

7 Dominus pauperem facit et ditat, humiliat et sublevat.

8 Suscitat de pulvere egenum, et de stercore elevat pauperem : ut sedeat cum principibus, et solium gloriæ teneat. Domini enim sunt cardines terræ, et posuit super eos orbem.

9 Pedes sanctorum suorum servabit, et impii in tenebris conticescent : quia non in fortitudine sua roborabitur vir.

10 Dominum formidabunt adversarii ejus : et super ipsos in cælis tonabit : Dominus judicabit fines terræ, et dabit imperium regi suo, et sublimabit cornu Christi sui.

11 Et abiit Elcana Ramatha, in domum suam : puer autem erat minister in conspectu Domini ante faciem Heli sacerdotis.

12 Porro filii Heli, filii Belial, nescientes Dominum,

13 neque officium sacerdotum ad populum : sed quicumque immolasset victimam, veniebat puer sacerdotis, dum coquerentur carnes, et habebat fuscinulam tridentem in manu sua,

14 et mittebat eam in lebetem, vel in caldariam, aut in ollam, sive in cacabum : et omne quod levabat fuscinula, tollebat sacerdos sibi : sic faciebant universo Israëli venientium in Silo.

15 Etiam antequam adolerent adipem, veniebat puer sacerdotis, et dicebat immolanti : Da mihi carnem, ut coquam sacerdoti : non enim accipiam a te carnem coctam, sed crudam.

16 Dicebatque illi immolans : Incendatur primum juxta morem hodie adeps, et tolle tibi quantumcumque desiderat anima tua. Qui respondens aiebat ei : Nequaquam : nunc enim dabis, alioquin tollam vi.

17 Erat ergo peccatum puerorum grande nimis coram Domino : quia retrahebant homines a sacrificio Domini.

18 Samuel autem ministrabat ante faciem Domini, puer, accinctus ephod lineo.

19 Et tunicam parvam faciebat ei mater sua, quam afferebat statutis diebus, ascendens cum viro suo, ut immolaret hostiam solemnem.

20 Et benedixit Heli Elcanæ et uxori ejus : dixitque ei : Reddat tibi Dominus semen de muliere hac, pro fœnore quod commodasti Domino. Et abierunt in locum suum.

21 Visitavit ergo Dominus Annam, et concepit, et peperit tres filios, et duas filias : et magnificatus est puer Samuel apud Dominum.

22 Heli autem erat senex valde, et audivit omnia quæ faciebant filii sui universo Israëli : et quomodo dormiebant cum mulieribus quæ observabant ad ostium tabernaculi :

23 et dixit eis : Quare facitis res hujuscemodi, quas ego audio, res pessimas, ab omni populo ?

24 Nolite, filii mei : non enim est bona fama, quam ego audio, ut transgredi faciatis populum Domini.

25 Si peccaverit vir in virum, placari ei potest Deus : si autem in Dominum peccaverit vir, quis orabit pro eo ? Et non audierunt vocem patris sui : quia voluit Dominus occidere eos.

26 Puer autem Samuel proficiebat, atque crescebat, et placebat tam Domino quam hominibus.

27 Venit autem vir Dei ad Heli, et ait ad eum : Hæc dicit Dominus : Numquid non aperte revelatus sum domui patris tui, cum essent in Ægypto in domo Pharaonis ?

28 Et elegi eum ex omnibus tribubus Israël mihi in sacerdotem, ut ascenderet ad altare meum, et adoleret mihi incensum, et portaret ephod coram me : et dedi domui patris tui omnia de sacrificiis filiorum Israël.

29 Quare calce abjecistis victimam meam, et munera mea quæ præcepi ut offerentur in templo : et magis honorasti filios tuos quam me, ut comederetis primitias omnis sacrificii Israël populi mei ?

30 Propterea ait Dominus Deus Israël : Loquens locutus sum, ut domus tua, et domus patris tui, ministraret in conspectu meo, usque in sempiternum. Nunc autem dicit Dominus : Absit hoc a me : sed quicumque glorificaverit me, glorificabo eum : qui autem contemnunt me, erunt ignobiles.

31 Ecce dies veniunt : et præcidam brachium tuum, et brachium domus patris tui, ut non sit senex in domo tua.

32 Et videbis æmulum tuum in templo, in universis prosperis Israël : et non erit senex in domo tua omnibus diebus.

33 Verumtamen non auferam penitus virum ex te ab altari meo : sed ut deficiant oculi tui, et tabescat anima tua : et pars magna domus tuæ morietur cum ad virilem ætatem venerit.

34 Hoc autem erit tibi signum, quod venturum est duobus filiis tuis, Ophni et Phinees : in die uno morientur ambo.

35 Et suscitabo mihi sacerdotem fidelem, qui juxta cor meum et animam meam faciet : et ædificabo ei domum fidelem, et ambulabit coram Christo meo cunctis diebus.

36 Futurum est autem, ut quicumque remanserit in domo tua, veniat ut oretur pro eo, et offerat nummum argenteum, et tortam panis, dicatque : Dimitte me, obsecro, ad unam partem sacerdotalem, ut comedam buccellam panis.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Genesis 13:13, 21:1, 35:22, 38:7, 10, 39:4

Exodus 15:11, 28:1, 29:9, 30:7, 38:8

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Joshue 11:20, 22:22

Judicum 9:38, 13:6, 24, 17:10

1 Samuelis 1:3, 6, 7, 19, 28, 2:11, 18, 3:1, 12, 19, 4:11, 17, 21, 22, 7:10, 9:6, 12:17, 14:3, 22:18, 25:26

2 Samuelis 6:14, 22:32

3 Regum 2:27, 35, 8:31, 32, 13:1, 17:22

4 Regum 5:7, 23:9

Paralipomenon 1 15:27, 29:12

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Hiob 1:21, 9:33, 18:18, 36:7, 38:5, 6, 40:13

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Psalms 121:3, 127:3, 132:17, 145:20

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Ecclesiastes 4:14

Esaias 40:29, 44:8, 47:5, 54:1

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Ezechiel 17:24, 44:15, 16, 46:20

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Významy biblických slov

cor meum
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

cornu
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

os
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

dominus
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Deus
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

peperit
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

inferos
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

egenum
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

sanctorum
'Saints' mean people governed by truths from the Lord through the Word.

impii
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

tenebris
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

vir
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

imperium
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

domum
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

puer
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

minister
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

ante
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

faciem
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

filii
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

hodie
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

peccatum
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

mater
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

diebus
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

semen
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

suum
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

ostium
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

bona
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

venit
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dicit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

cum
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

altare
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

calce
To kick' signifies the state of the Jews regarding intellectual truth, which is represented by a horse kicking.

munera
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

dies
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

oculi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

morietur
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

signum
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

est
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sacerdotalem
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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