1 Samuelis 10

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1 Tulit autem Samuel lenticulam olei, et effudit super caput ejus, et deosculatus est eum, et ait : Ecce, unxit te Dominus super hæreditatem suam in principem, et liberabis populum suum de manibus inimicorum ejus, qui in circuitu ejus sunt. Et hoc tibi signum, quia unxit te Deus in principem.

2 Cum abieris hodie a me, invenies duos viros juxta sepulchrum Rachel in finibus Benjamin, in meridie, dicentque tibi : Inventæ sunt asinæ, ad quas ieras perquirendas : et intermissis pater tuus asinis, sollicitus est pro vobis, et dicit : Quid faciam de filio meo ?

3 Cumque abieris inde, et ultra transieris, et veneris ad quercum Thabor, invenient te ibi tres viri ascendentes ad Deum in Bethel, unus portans tres hædos, et alius tres tortas panis, et alius portans lagenam vini.

4 Cumque te salutaverint, dabunt tibi duos panes, et accipies de manu eorum.

5 Post hæc venies in collem Dei, ubi est statio Philisthinorum : et cum ingressus fueris ibi urbem, obvium habebis gregem prophetarum descendentium de excelso, et ante eos psalterium et tympanum, et tibiam, et citharam, ipsosque prophetantes.

6 Et insiliet in te Spiritus Domini, et prophetabis cum eis, et mutaberis in virum alium.

7 Quando ergo evenerint signa hæc omnia tibi, fac quæcumque invenerit manus tua, quia Dominus tecum est.

8 Et descendes ante me in Galgala (ego quippe descendam ad te), ut offeras oblationem, et immoles victimas pacificas : septem diebus expectabis, donec veniam ad te, et ostendam tibi quid facias.

9 Itaque cum avertisset humerum suum ut abiret a Samuele, immutavit ei Deus cor aliud, et venerunt omnia signa hæc in die illa.

10 Veneruntque ad prædictum collem, et ecce cuneus prophetarum obvius ei : et insiluit super eum spiritus Domini, et prophetavit in medio eorum.

11 Videntes autem omnes qui noverant eum heri et nudiustertius, quod esset cum prophetis, et prophetaret, dixerunt ad invicem : Quænam res accidit filio Cis ? num et Saul inter prophetas ?

12 Responditque alius ad alterum, dicens : Et quis pater eorum ? Propterea versum est in proverbium : Num et Saul inter prophetas ?

13 Cessavit autem prophetare, et venit ad excelsum.

14 Dixitque patruus Saul ad eum, et ad puerum ejus : Quo abistis ? Qui responderunt : Quærere asinas : quas cum non reperissemus, venimus ad Samuelem.

15 Et dixit ei patruus suus : Indica mihi quid dixerit tibi Samuel.

16 Et ait Saul ad patruum suum : Indicavit nobis quia inventæ essent asinæ. De sermone autem regni non indicavit ei quem locutus fuerat ei Samuel.

17 Et convocavit Samuel populum ad Dominum in Maspha :

18 et ait ad filios Israël : Hæc dicit Dominus Deus Israël : Ego eduxi Israël de Ægypto, et erui vos de manu Ægyptiorum, et de manu omnium regum qui affligebant vos.

19 Vos autem hodie projecistis Deum vestrum, qui solus salvavit vos de universis malis et tribulationibus vestris : et dixistis : Nequaquam : sed regem constitue super nos. Nunc ergo state coram Domino per tribus vestras, et per familias.

20 Et applicuit Samuel omnes tribus Israël, et cecidit sors tribus Benjamin.

21 Et applicuit tribum Benjamin et cognationes ejus, et cecidit cognatio Metri, et pervenit usque ad Saul filium Cis. Quæsierunt ergo eum, et non est inventus.

22 Et consuluerunt post hæc Dominum utrumnam venturus esset illuc. Responditque Dominus : Ecce absconditus est domi.

23 Cucurrerunt itaque et tulerunt eum inde : stetitque in medio populi, et altior fuit universo populo ab humero et sursum.

24 Et ait Samuel ad omnem populum : Certe videtis quem elegit Dominus, quoniam non sit similis illi in omni populo. Et clamavit omnis populus, et ait : Vivat rex.

25 Locutus est autem Samuel ad populum legem regni, et scripsit in libro, et reposuit coram Domino : et dimisit Samuel omnem populum, singulos in domum suam.

26 Sed et Saul abiit in domum suam in Gabaa : et abiit cum eo pars exercitus, quorum tetigerat Deus corda.

27 Filii vero Belial dixerunt : Num salvare nos poterit iste ? Et despexerunt eum, et non attulerunt ei munera : ille vero dissimulabat se audire.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 10      

In this chapter, Samuel took a flask of oil and anointed Saul’s head. He told Saul that the donkeys he was searching for had been found, and sent him instead to Bethel, which he also called the hill of God. Bethel, where the Ark of the Covenant was kept, was a holy place. It represents a knowledge of celestial things (see Arcana Coelestia 1453).

Samuel prophesied that Saul would encounter a group of prophets at Bethel. When Saul arrived there, he met them, and he immediately felt the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied with them. When Saul returned home, the people who knew him recognized that something about him had changed. Had he become a prophet?

Later in the story, Samuel again called the people together at Mizpah. He spoke to them about how they had rejected the Lord. Then he began a selection process, drawing lots to determine who would be their first king. The tribe of Benjamin was chosen, then the family of Matri, and ultimately Saul. However, Saul was reluctant, and was hiding. They searched for him, found him, and brought him before the people. The people saw his outstanding appearance and height, and accepted him as someone suitable. Saul explained “the manner of the kingdom", and also described it in a book. The gathering was then dismissed.

Right away, there were hints of future trouble. Some people, referred to as children of Belial, who doubted that Saul was the man to lead them, and they did not bring him gifts.

The children of Belial stand for false ideas that are derived from evil, hellish loves. They are associated with the worship of other gods.

In the Word, gifts symbolize an introduction, to “initiate goodwill and favour.” These people did not trust Saul, and did not seek to create a good relationship with him (see Arcana Coelestia 4262).

It was important that the kings of Israel were anointed with oil. It was a mark of the representative role that they were to take. As mentioned in the previous chapter, they could not represent the Lord in the type of loving way that priests could. Instead, they could represent His truth. They could be examples of what it means to live by and enforce the law and to provide order.

The oil that Samuel used to anoint Saul also has a symbolic meaning. It represents the Lord as the good of love (see Arcana Coelestia 9954). Swedenborg writes that the reason priests and kings were anointed is that through this they represented the Lord, in His Divine humanity (see Apocalypse Revealed 779).

In a number of places in Scripture it is said that each of us has been made “kings and priests to God.” (See especially Revelation 1:5 and 5:10) This means that our lives can evolve, with the Lord’s guidance, so that everything about us can be an expression of both His love and His teachings, as they exist as a unity. This is what is means to become the “image and likeness of God” as described in Genesis 1:26.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 1453, 4262, 6983, 9954

Apocalypsis Revelata 779

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypsis Explicata 323, 375

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Ezechiel 36:26

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Významy biblických slov

'Samuel' signifies the Word.

The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

'Rachel' denotes the affection of interior truth.

A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

et tympanum
A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

in Galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

Forces denote the power of truth.

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

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