미가 1

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1 유다 열왕 요담과 아하스와 히스기야 시대에 모레셋 사람 미가에게 임한 여호와의 말씀 곧 사마리아와 예루살렘에 관한 묵시라

2 백성들아 너희는 다 들을지어다 땅과 거기 있는 모든 것들아 자세히 들을지어다 주 여호와께서 너희에게 대하여 증거하시되 곧 주께서 성전에서 그리하실 것이니라

3 여호와께서 그 처소에서 나오시고 강림하사 땅의 높은 곳을 밟으실 것이라

4 그 아래서 산들이 녹고 골짜기들이 갈라지기를 불 앞의 밀 같고 비탈로 쏟아지는 물 같을 것이니

5 이는 다 야곱의 허물을 인함이요 이스라엘 족속의 죄를 인함이라 야곱의 허물이 무엇이뇨 사마리아가 아니뇨 유다의 산당이 무엇이뇨 예루살렘이 아니뇨

6 이러므로 내가 사마리아로 들의 무더기 같게 하고 포도 심을 동산 같게 하며 또 그 돌들을 골짜기에 쏟아 내리고 그 지대를 드러내며

7 그 새긴 우상을 다 파쇄하고 그 음행의 값을 다 불사르며 그 목상을 다 훼파하리니 그가 기생의 값으로 모았은즉 그것이 기생의 값으로 돌아가리라

8 이러므로 내가 애통하며 애곡하고 벌거벗은 몸으로 행하며 들개같이 애곡하고 타조같이 애통하리니

9 이는 그 상처는 고칠 수 없고 그것이 유다까지도 이르고 내 백성의 성문 곧 예루살렘에도 미쳤음이니라

10 가드에 고하지 말며 도무지 호곡하지 말지어다 베들레아브라에서 티끌에 굴찌어다

11 사빌 거민아 너는 벗은 몸에 수치를 무릅쓰고 나갈지어다 사아난 거민은 나오지 못하고 벧에셀이 애곡하여 너희로 의지할 곳이 없게 하리라

12 마롯 거민이 근심 중에 복을 바라니 이는 재앙이 여호와께로 말미암아 예루살렘 성문에 임함이니라

13 라기스 거민아 너는 준마에 병거를 메울지어다 라기스는 딸 시온의 죄의 근본이니 이는 이스라엘의 허물이 네게서 보였음이니라

14 이러므로 너는 가드 모레셋에 작별하는 예물을 줄지어다 악십의 집들이 이스라엘 열왕을 속이리라

15 마레사 거민아 내가 장차 너를 얻을 자로 네게 임하게 하리니 이스라엘의 영광이 아둘람까지 이를 것이라

16 너는 네 기뻐하는 자식으로 인하여 네 머리털을 깎아 대머리 같게 할지어다 네 머리로 크게 무여지게 하기를 독수리 같게 할지어다 이는 그들이 사로잡혀 너를 떠났음이니라


Exploring the Meaning of 미가 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

삶에 관한 교리 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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