1 Samuel 5

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King James Version         

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1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Eben-ezer unto Ashdod.

2 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

3 And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again.

4 And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD; and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him.

5 Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day.

6 But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof.

7 And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our God.

8 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about thither.

9 And it was so, that, after they had carried it about, the hand of the LORD was against the city with a very great destruction: and he smote the men of the city, both small and great, and they had emerods in their secret parts.

10 Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people.

11 So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people: for there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there.

12 And the men that died not were smitten with the emerods: and the cry of the city went up to heaven.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 23


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 10:7

Deuteronomy 28:27

Joshua 11:22, 13:3, 15:11

Judges 16:23

1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

1 Kings 18:26

1 Chronicles 7:21, 10:10

Psalms 97:7, 115:7

Isaiah 20:1, 46:7

Jeremiah 10:11, 14, 15

Amos 6:2

Významy biblických slov

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

earth
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

both
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Palms
'To hold palms in the hands' signifies confession from divine truths. 'Palms' signify a holy celebration which is from good, as in John 12:12, 13...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

Cut off
To be cut off, as in Genesis 41:36, signifies to perish.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dagon's
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

small and great
Used several times in the Bible, the phrase “both small and great” (or “both the small and the great”) represents various levels or degrees of...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

cried
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

send away
To "let someone go" can have a couple of different meanings: It can mean allowing them to leave (as in Moses asking Pharaoh to "let...

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

died
'The soul going forth' and 'dying,' as in Genesis 35:18, signifies the extreme of temptation, which is when the old self dies and the new...

smitten
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

heaven
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

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