Numbers 4

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,

2 Take·​·up the sum of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, as·​·to their families, as·​·to the house of their fathers,

3 from a son of thirty years and upward and until a son of fifty years, all that come into the army, to do the work* in the Tabernacle of the congregation.

4 This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath in the Tabernacle of the congregation, about the holy of holies;

5 and when the camp journeys, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take·​·down the sheltering veil, and cover the ark of testimony with it;

6 and they shall put on it the covering of badger skin, and shall spread from above it a garment all of blue, and shall set its poles.

7 And upon the table of bread of faces they shall spread a garment of blue, and put on it the platters, and the dishes*, and the little·​·brooms, and saucers of the poured·​·offering; and the continual bread shall be on it.

8 And they shall spread over them a garment of scarlet twice-dyed, and cover it with a covering of badger skin, and shall set its poles.

9 And they shall take a garment of blue, and cover the lampstand of the light, and its lamps, and its tongs, and its trowels, and all its oil vessels, with which they minister to it;

10 and they shall put it and all its vessels into a covering of badger skin; and they shall put it on the brace.

11 And upon the gold altar they shall spread a garment of blue, and cover it with a covering of badger skin, and shall set its poles;

12 and they shall take all the instruments of the ministry, with which they minister in the sanctuary, and put them onto a garment of blue, and cover them with a covering of badger skin, and shall put them on the brace;

13 and they shall take·​·away·​·the·​·ashes from the altar, and spread a crimson garment on it;

14 and they shall put upon it all its vessels, with which they minister upon it, the pincers, the forks, and the shovels, and the basins, all the vessels of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of badger skin, and set its poles.

15 And when Aaron and his sons have completed covering the sanctuary, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, the camp shall journey; and after thus, the sons of Kohath shall come to bear it; and they shall not touch what is holy, lest they die. These things are the burden of the sons of Kohath in the Tabernacle of the congregation.

16 And the oversight of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, shall be the oil for the light, and the fragrant incense, and the continual gift·​·offering, and the oil of anointing, the oversight of all the Habitation, and of all that is in it, in the holy place, and in its vessels.

17 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,

18 Cut· ye not ·off the tribe of the families of the Kohathites from the midst the Levites;

19 but this do for them, and they shall live, and not die: when they approach, to the holy of holies, Aaron and his sons shall go·​·in, and set them each·​·man, each·​·man on his service and to his burden;

20 but they shall not go·​·in to see when the holy things are covered·​·up*, lest they die.

21 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

22 Take·​·up the sum of the sons of Gershon, them also as·​·to the houses of their fathers, as·​·to their families;

23 from a son of thirty years and upward until a son of fifty years shalt thou number them; all that come·​·in to be·​·an·​·army as the army, to serve the service in the Tabernacle of the congregation.

24 This is the service of the families of the Gershonites, to serve, and to carry.

25 and they shall carry the curtains of the Habitation, and the Tabernacle of the congregation, its covering, and the covering of the badger skin that is upon it from above, and the sheltering of the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation,

26 and the hangings of the court, and the sheltering of the entrance of the gate of the court, which is by the Habitation and by the altar all around, and their cords, and all the instruments of their service, and all that is made for them; and they shall serve.

27 By the mouth of Aaron and his sons shall be all the service of the sons of the Gershonites, as·​·to all their burdens, and as·​·to all their service; and you shall appoint to them in charge all their burdens.

28 This is the service of the families of the sons of the Gershonites in the Tabernacle of the congregation; and their charge shall be in the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

29 As for the sons of Merari, thou shalt number them to their families, to the house of their fathers;

30 from a son thirty years and upward and until a son of fifty years shalt thou number them, all who come into the army, to serve the service of the Tabernacle of the congregation.

31 And this is the charge of their burden, as·​·to all their service in the Tabernacle of the congregation: the planks of the Habitation, and its bars, and its pillars, and its bases,

32 and the pillars of the court all around, and their bases, and their pegs, and their cords, for all their vessels, and for all their service; and by name you shall appoint the vessels of the charge of their burden.

33 This is the service of the families of the sons of Merari, as·​·to all their service, in the Tabernacle of the congregation, in the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

34 And Moses and Aaron and the chiefs of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites as·​·to their families, and as·​·to the house of their fathers,

35 from a son of thirty years and upward, and even·​·to a son of fifty years, all who come into the army, for the service in the Tabernacle of the congregation;

36 and those who were numbered of them as·​·to their families were two·​·thousand seven hundred and fifty.

37 These are they who were numbered from the families of the Kohathites, all who serve in the Tabernacle of the congregation, whom Moses and Aaron did number by the mouth of Jehovah by the hand of Moses.

38 And those who were numbered of the sons of Gershon, as·​·to their families, and as·​·to the house of their fathers,

39 from a son of thirty years and upward and until a son of fifty years, all who come into the army, for the service in the Tabernacle of the congregation,

40 and those who were numbered of them, as·​·to their families, as·​·to the house of their fathers, were two·​·thousand and six hundred and thirty.

41 These are they who were numbered from the families of the sons of Gershon, all who serve in the Tabernacle of the congregation, whom Moses and Aaron did number by the mouth of Jehovah.

42 And those who were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, as·​·to their families, as·​·to the house of their fathers,

43 from a son of thirty years and upward and until a son of fifty years, all who come into the army, for the service in the Tabernacle of the congregation,

44 and those who were numbered of them as·​·to their families, were three thousand and two·​·hundred.

45 These are they who were numbered from the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron numbered by the mouth of Jehovah by the hand of Moses.

46 All those numbered of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron and the chiefs of Israel numbered, as·​·to their families, and as·​·to the house of their fathers,

47 from a son of thirty years and upward and to a son of fifty years, all who came to serve the service of the service, and the service of the burden in the Tabernacle of the congregation,

48 and they who were numbered of them, were eight thousand and five hundred and eighty.

49 By the mouth of Jehovah, they were numbered by the hand of Moses, each man by his service, and by his burden; and they were numbered of him, as Jehovah commanded Moses.

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Explanation of Numbers 4      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-16. The ordination and arrangement of those in the spiritual heaven is distinguished from that of those in charity generally, and their function is the cultivation and preservation of the inmost affections of love and charity.

Verses 17-20. But those who constitute the spiritual heaven are also not to be separated from those in charity generally; and although they minister to celestial things, they cannot perform the functions of the celestial.

Verses 21-28. Concerning the ordination and arrangement of those who are in the obscure good which constitutes the internal of the ultimate heaven, and concerning their functions.

Verses 29-33. The same in regard to those who constitute the external of the ultimate heaven.

Verses 34-37. Concerning the ordination and arrangement of those in the spiritual heaven, who perform some function in the worship of the Lord and in the work of salvation, with a description of their quality.

Verses 38-41. The same with regard to those in the internal of the ultimate heaven.

Verses 42-45. And the same with regard to those in the external of the ultimate heaven.

Verses 46-49. Also the quality of all those who are in charity taken together, according to ordination and arrangement, is a new state of life through regeneration, fullness as to truths, and fullness of conjunction both as to good and truth mutually and reciprocally.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 6148


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 296, 1664, 2165, 2252, 2276, 3540, 4236, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 447, 450, 500, 725, 862, 939

True Christian Religion 707


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 64, 412, 573, 576, 734, 1042

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 19:21, 25:6, 9, 10, 23, 31, 26:1, 15, 31, 27:1, 9, 29:40, 30:1, 23, 33, 38, 38:21, 40:3

Numbers 1:3, 4, 50, 51, 3:21, 25, 26, 27, 31, 33, 36, 37, 4:3, 23, 30, 32, 47, 49, 7:7, 8, 9, 8:24, 10:17, 21, 18:3

2 Samuel 15:24

1 Kings 8:3

1 Chronicles 9:28, 15:2, 15, 23:3, 6, 24, 27

2 Chronicles 31:17

Ephesians 4:7

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, at different stages of the story. During the first part of the exodus, when he...

Sum
To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.

Sons of Levi
'The sons of Levi,' as in Deuteronomy 21:5, signify the affection of good and truth, which is charity.

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

thirty
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

army
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

service
'Service' denotes everything beneath, which is subordinate and obeys, and so, truth being derived from good, and ministering to good.

holy
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

Holy of holies
'The Holy of holies' represents the very essential divine good and truth in the Lord's divine human, to which truth from the human was conjoined....

holies
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

journeys
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

cover
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

blue
Blue and purple signify celestial goods and truths, and scarlet double-dyed and fine-twined linen, spiritual goods and truths. (Exod. 28:33.) Blue and purple from the...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

bread
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

covering
A covering of precious stones (Ezek. 28:4, 13) signifies the truths of intelligence.

lamps
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

lampstand
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

light
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

tongs
'Tongs and snuff-dishes,' as in Exodus 25:38, signify things in the natural degree that serve to purify and clean.

oil
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

minister
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

ministry
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

sanctuary
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

journey
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

burden
A burden (Jer. 17:4) signifies that which is from the proprium of man.

fragrant
Fragrant signifies the truth of good.

Incense
'Incense' or 'odors' signify worship and confession of the Lord, from spiritual goods and truths.

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

midst
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

swallowed
To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

curtains
Curtains (Exod. 26) signify the interior truths of faith, which are of the new intellectual principle. Curtains and cords (Jer. 4:20, and 10:20), signify spiritual...

habitation
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

court
The court of the tabernacle (Exodus 27:9), etc., signifies the external of heaven, or the first, which is also called the ultimate heaven.

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

sons of the
The sons of the Javanites,' as in Joel 3:6, signify worship in externals, separate from the internal.

burdens
A burden (Jer. 17:4) signifies that which is from the proprium of man.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Planks
Planks' or 'boards,' as in for the tabernacle, signify supports from good, because they were made of wood, and supported the curtains both of the...

bars
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

pillars
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

pegs
A nail,' as in Zechariah 10:4, signifies truth supporting.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Hundred and fifty
'A hundred and fifty,' as mentioned in Genesis 7:24, signifies a last and first term. Here, it refers to the last term of the most...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

eight
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

eighty
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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