Numbers 35

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in the deserts of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,

2 Command the sons of Israel, that they give to the Levites from the inheritance of their possession, cities to dwell·​·in; and you shall give also to the Levites suburbs* for the cities all around them.

3 And the cities shall be for them to dwell·​·in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their beasts, and for their acquisition, and for all their animals.

4 And the suburbs of the cities, which you shall give to the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city and outside a thousand cubits all around.

5 And you shall measure from outside the city on the east quarter two·​·thousand in cubits, and on the south quarter two·​·thousand in cubits, and on the west quarter two·​·thousand in cubits, and on the north quarter two·​·thousand in cubits; and the city shall be in the midst; this shall be for them the suburbs of the cities.

6 And with the cities which you shall give to the Levites there shall be six cities of refuge, which you shall give that the manslayer* may flee thither; and above them you shall give forty and two cities.

7 So all the cities which you shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities, them and their suburbs.

8 And the cities which you shall give shall be from the possession of the sons of Israel; from those with many you shall give many; and from those with few you shall give few; each shall give from his cities to the Levites according to his inheritance which they inherit.

9 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

10 Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, When you have crossed·​·over the Jordan to the land of Canaan,

11 and you shall select* for yourselves favorable cities, which* will be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer may flee thither, who smites a soul in ignorance*.

12 And they shall be to you cities for refuge from the redeemer, that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.

13 And the cities which you shall give, shall be six cities of refuge for you.

14 You shall give three cities from across the Jordan, and three cities you shall give in the land of Canaan, which shall be cities of refuge.

15 These six cities shall be for refuge for the sons of Israel, and for the sojourner, and for the lodger in their midst, that he who smites any soul in ignorance may flee thither.

16 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, and he die, he is a murderer; the murderer dying shall be made to die.

17 And if he smite him with a stone in hand, with which he could die, and he die, a murderer is he; the murderer dying shall be put·​·to·​·death.

18 Or if he smite him with a hand weapon of wood, by which he could die, and he die, a murderer is he; the murderer dying shall be put·​·to·​·death.

19 The redeemer of blood, he shall put· the murderer ·to·​·death; when he comes·​·upon him, he shall put· him ·to·​·death.

20 And if he push him in hatred, or cast him down in stalking him, and he die,

21 or in enmity smite him with his hand, and he die; he who smote him dying shall be put·​·to·​·death; for he is a murderer; the redeemer of blood shall put· the murderer ·to·​·death when he comes·​·upon him.

22 But if he push him suddenly without enmity, or cast upon him any vessel without stalking him,

23 or with any stone, with which he may die, seeing him not, and made it fall upon him, and he die, and he was not an enemy to him, and sought not his evil;

24 then the congregation shall judge between the smiter and the redeemer of blood concerning these judgments;

25 and the congregation shall rescue the manslayer from the hand of the redeemer of blood, and the congregation shall return him to the city of his refuge, to which he fled; and he shall dwell in her until the death of the great priest, who was anointed with the holy oil.

26 But if the manslayer going·​·out shall go·​·out of the border of the city of his refuge, whither he was fled,

27 and the redeemer of blood find him outside the borders of the city of his refuge, and the redeemer of blood murder the manslayer, he shall not be guilty of blood;

28 because he should have dwelt in the city of his refuge until the death of the great priest; but after the death of the great priest the manslayer shall return into the land of his possession.

29 And these things shall be for a statute of judgment to you for your generations in all your dwellings.

30 Whoever smites any soul, the murderer shall be murdered at the mouth of witnesses; but one witness shall not answer against a soul to cause him to die.

31 And you shall not take atonement for the soul of a murderer, who he, being wicked is to·​·die; but dying he shall be put·​·to·​·death.

32 And you shall not take atonement for him who has fled to the city of his refuge, for him to return to dwell in the land, until the death of the priest.

33 And you shall not contaminate the land in which you are, for the blood, it contaminates the land; and there is no atonement for the land for the blood that is shed in her, other·​·than by the blood of him who shed it.

34 And defile not the land in which you shall dwell, in the midst of which I abide; for I, Jehovah, abide in the midst of the sons of Israel.

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Explanation of Numbers 35      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-5. There is revelation from the Lord by Divine Truth, or the Word, that doctrine is to be provided in the external man for the support of charity there.

Verses 6-8. Also these doctrines must include full provision for the protection of those who sin through error or ignorance without an evil intention; and they must be acquired by a full course of temptation, and be continually renewed with every one according to the state as to charity.

Verses 9-34. And several particulars are given in the remainder of the chapter concerning evils and errors committed without fault, and particularly concerning the removal of evils and falsities in the Judgement, the prevailing state of good, and the necessity for purification.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 9011

Apocalypse Revealed 342, 610


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Jeremiah 26:15

Ezekiel 16:38, 35:10, 45:5

Matthew 18:16, 26:60

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

moab
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

acquisition
Acquisition (Genesis 12:5) means all things which are sensual truths or things of science which are the ground of thought in man. Acquisition and purchase...

animals
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

wall
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

measure
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

quarter
A fourth part, or quarter, signifies the same as four.

south
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

refuge
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

flee
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

forty
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

eight
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

inherit
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Land of Canaan
The land of Canaan' in the Word, means love, and consequently, the will of the celestial self.

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

redeemer
'To redeem' signifies vindication and liberation, because there are two words in the original language, which mean 'redemption.' One means vindication from evil, and the...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

sojourner
There is a long history of using travel to round out an education, from the 19th-century “world tours” taken by Oxford and Cambridge graduates to...

smite
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

iron
'An iron pan,' as in Ezekiel 4:3, signifies the truth that was falsified and adulterated among the Jewish people.

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

blood
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

smote
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

seeing
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

enemy
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

judgments
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

fled
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

anointed
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

holy
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

oil
In Ezekiel 27:17, 'wheat of minnith, and pannag honey,' 'oil,' and 'balsam' denote the good things that come from love and charity, and the happiness...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

border
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

borders
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

generations
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

dwellings
Habitation, as mentioned in Genesis 27:39, signifies life. The habitation of holiness signifies the celestial kingdom. The habitation of honorableness signifies the spiritual kingdom, as...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

witnesses
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

witness
Galeed, a heap and a witness, mentioned in Genesis 31:47, signifies quality on the part of good of the divine natural principle.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

Wicked
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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