Numbers 30

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1 2 And Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes as·​·to the sons of Israel, saying, This is the word which Jehovah has commanded.

2 3 A man, when he vows a vow to Jehovah, or promises a promise to bind his soul with a bond, he shall· not ·profane his word; he shall do according·​·to all that goes·​·forth from his mouth.

3 4 And a woman if she vow a vow to Jehovah, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father’s house in her youth,

4 5 and her father hear her vow, and her bond with what she has bound her soul, and her father shall be·​·silent to her, then all her vows shall be secured, and every bond with what she has bound her soul shall be secured.

5 6 But if her father disallow her in the day that he hears, All her vows, and her bonds wherewith she has bound her soul, shall not be secured; and Jehovah shall pardon her, for her father disallowed her.

6 7 And if having she had a husband* when her vows were upon her, or the pronouncement of her lips which she bound on her soul,

7 8 and her husband heard it and was·​·silent with her in the day that he heard it, then her vows shall be secured, and her bonds with what she bound her soul shall be secured.

8 9 But if, on the day her husband heard, he disallowed her, then he shall make·​·of·​·none·​·effect her vow which was upon her, and the pronouncement of her lips, which she bound upon her soul; and Jehovah shall pardon her.

9 10 But the vow of a widow, and of her who is driven·​·out, all that she has bound upon her soul shall be secured against her.

10 11 And if she vowed in the house of her husband, or bound her soul by a bond with a promise,

11 12 and her husband heard it, and was·​·silent to her, and disallowed her not, then all her vows shall be secured, and every bond with what she bound her soul shall be secured.

12 13 But if her husband, making·​·of·​·none·​·effect has made·​·of·​·none·​·effect, on the day he heard them, then all that went·​·out of her lips as·​·to her vows, or as·​·to the bond of her soul, shall not be secured; her husband has made· them ·of·​·none·​·effect; and Jehovah shall pardon her.

13 14 Every vow, and every binding promise to afflict the soul, her husband may secure it, and her husband may make· it ·of·​·none·​·effect.

14 15 But if her husband being·​·silent was·​·silent to her from day to day, then he secures all her vows, or all her bonds, which are on her; he secures them, for he was·​·silent to her in the day that he heard.

15 16 But if making·​·of·​·none·​·effect he make· them ·of·​·none·​·effect after he has heard, then he shall carry her iniquity.

16 17 These are the statutes, which Jehovah commanded Moses, between a husband and his wife, and between a father and his daughter in her youth in the house of her father.

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Explanation of Numbers 30      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-2. When any one in the knowledge of the truth devotes himself to the Lord internally or externally by compelling himself to obedience, he must not profane the truth by acts of disobedience.

Verses 3-5. When any one in the affection of truth in the beginning of regeneration, does the same, his devotion may be confirmed if it is in agreement with internal good, but not otherwise; and remission may follow, because ignorance or error prevents the agreement of external good with internal.

Verses 6-8. Also if any one who is externally in truth conjoined with good does the same, similar results will follow.

Verse 9. But devotion from merely selfish motives, results in the confirmation of falsity and evil.

Verses 10-12. While yet devotion from selfish motives apparently, when truth conjoined with good is predominant internally, may also be followed by genuine confirmation or not.

Verse 13. For it is the state as to internal truth conjoined with good that decides.

Verses 14-15. And therefore, generally, confirmation in good or otherwise, depends upon the state internally; and it is the internal man that must endure temptations, and thus overcome evil, by power from the Lord, in order that the external may come into harmony with it.

Verse 16. All the foregoing are laws of Divine Order as to the conjunction of good and truth and as to the relation between the internal and external man.

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Významy biblických slov

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

heads
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

vows
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

vow
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

bind
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

youth
'Tender of age' denotes the state of truths newly received not yet genuine.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

bound
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

silent
'Silence' has various significations. In general it means everything which causes it, which includes astonishment, which is a special cause, as in Revelation 8:1.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hears
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

husband
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

lips
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

vowed
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

statutes
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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