Numbers 3

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1 And these are the births of Aaron and Moses in the day that Jehovah spoke with Moses in Mount Sinai.

2 And these are the names of the sons of Aaron; Nadab the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

3 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests who were anointed, whose hand he filled to be·​·a·​·priest.

4 And Nadab and Abihu died before Jehovah, when they offered strange fire before Jehovah, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no sons; and Eleazar and Ithamar were·​·priests before the face of Aaron their father.

5 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

6 Come·​·near with the tribe of Levi, and stand them before Aaron the priest, and they shall minister to him.

7 And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of all the congregation before the Tabernacle of the congregation, to serve the service of the Habitation.

8 And they shall keep all the vessels of the Tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the sons of Israel, to serve the service of the Habitation.

9 And thou shalt give the Levites to Aaron and to his sons; given, they are given to him from among the sons of Israel.

10 And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall keep their priesthood; and the stranger who draws·​·near shall be put·​·to·​·death.

11 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

12 And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from the midst of the sons of Israel instead of all the firstborn that opens·​·up the womb from among the sons of Israel; and the Levites shall be Mine;

13 for all the firstborn are Mine. On the day that I smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified for Myself all the firstborn in Israel, from man even·​·to beast. Mine they shall be; I am Jehovah.

14 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying,

15 Number the sons of Levi as·​·to the house of their fathers, as·​·to their families; every male from a son of one month and upward shalt thou number them.

16 And Moses numbered them according to the mouth of Jehovah, as he was commanded.

17 And these were the sons of Levi by their names; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari.

18 And these are the names of the sons of Gershon as·​·to their families; Libni, and Shimei.

19 And the sons of Kohath as·​·to their families; Amram, and Izehar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

20 And the sons of Merari as·​·to their families; Mahli, and Mushi. These are they, the families of the Levites as·​·to the house of their fathers.

21 To Gershon was the family of the Libnites, and the family of the Shimites; these are they, the families of the Gershonites.

22 Those that were numbered of them, by the number of every male, from a son of one month and upward, even those who were numbered of them were seven thousand and five hundred.

23 The families of the Gershonites shall encamp behind the Habitation toward the sea.

24 And the chief of the house of the father of the Gershonites shall be Eliasaph the son of Lael.

25 And the charge of the sons of Gershon in the Tabernacle of the congregation shall be the Habitation, and the Tabernacle, its covering, and the sheltering for the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation,

26 and the hangings of the court, and the sheltering of the entrance of the court, which is by the Habitation, and by the altar all around, and its cords for all the service of it.

27 And of Kohath was the family of the Amramites, and the family of the Izharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites; these, they are the families of the Kohathites.

28 In the number of all the males, from a son of one month and upward were eight thousand and six hundred, keeping the charge of the sanctuary.

29 The families of the sons of Kohath shall camp on the side* of the Habitation southward.

30 And the chief of the house of the father of the families of the Kohathites shall be Elizaphan the son of Uzziel.

31 And their charge shall be the ark, and the table, and the lampstand, and the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary with which they minister, and the sheltering, and all its service.

32 And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest shall be chief of chiefs of the Levites, and have the oversight of those who keep the charge of the sanctuary.

33 Of Merari was the family of the Mahlites, and the family of the Mushites; these—they are the families of Merari.

34 And those that were numbered of them, by the number of all the males, from a son of one month and upward, were six thousand and two·​·hundred.

35 And the chief of the house of the father of the families of Merari was Zuriel the son of Abihail; these shall encamp on the side of the Habitation northward.

36 And under the oversight and charge of the sons of Merari shall be the planks of the Habitation, and its bars, and its pillars, and its bases, and all its vessels, and all that is of service thereto,

37 and the pillars of the court all around, and their bases, and their pegs, and their cords.

38 But those who encamp before the Habitation toward the east, even before the Tabernacle of the congregation toward the sunrise, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the sons of Israel; and the stranger who draws·​·near shall·​·be·​·put·​·to·​·death.

39 All that were numbered of the Levites, which Moses and Aaron numbered by the mouth of Jehovah, as·​·to their families, all the males from a son of one month and upward, were two and twenty thousand.

40 And Jehovah said to Moses, Number all the firstborn of the males of the sons of Israel from a son of one month and upward, and take·​·up the number of their names.

41 And thou shalt take the Levites for Me, I am Jehovah, instead·​·of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel; and the beasts of the Levites instead·​·of all the firstborn among the beasts of the sons of Israel.

42 And Moses numbered, as Jehovah commanded him, all the firstborn among the sons of Israel.

43 And all the firstborn males by the number of names, from a son of one month and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were two and twenty thousand, three and seventy and two·​·hundred.

44 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

45 Take the Levites instead·​·of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the beast of the Levites instead·​·of their beast; and the Levites shall be Mine; I am Jehovah.

46 And the redeemed, of the three and seventy and two·​·hundred of those left·​·over above the Levites from the firstborn of the sons of Israel,

47 thou shalt even take five, five shekels as·​·to the poll*, by the shekel of the sanctuary shalt thou take them. Twenty gerahs is the shekel.

48 and thou shalt give the silver, with which those left·​·over among them are to be redeemed, to Aaron and to his sons.

49 And Moses took the silver of the redemption from the excess over those redeemed of the Levites;

50 from the firstborn of the sons of Israel he took the silver; five and sixty and three hundred and a thousand, by the shekel of the sanctuary;

51 and Moses gave the silver of the redeemed to Aaron and to his sons, by the mouth of Jehovah, as Jehovah commanded Moses.

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Explanation of Numbers 3      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-4. The derivations of celestial love from the Lord.

Verses 6-10. Charity is to be acknowledged as the living principle of the church from celestial good.

Verses 11-13. The Lord alone is the origin of charity with the man of the church; and charity is primary, although faith appears to be so.

Verses 14-20. Concerning the ordination and arrangement of truths from the good of charity.

Verses 21-26. The derivations, quality, state, governing principle, and functions of those in the good of charity in obscurity.

Verses 27-31. The same things with regard to those in the good of charity in brightness.

Verse 32. The governing principle of the spiritual heaven.

Verses 33-37. The derivations, quality, state, governing principle, and functions, of those in the good of faith in obscurity.

Verse 38. Concerning the state of those in the inmost heaven, and their function.

Verse 39. The general quality of all who are in love and charity as to Divine Good and Truth by influx from the Lord.

Verses 40-43. Concerning the general quality of the spiritual man as to faith derived from charity.

Verses 44-51. And concerning the salvation of those who acknowledge faith as primary, and yet sincerely worship the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 10017

Apocalypse Explained 444

Apocalypse Revealed 357, 862


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 352, 2959, 3325, 3708, 3814, 4925, 5291, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 17


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 422, 710, 799

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 46:11

Exodus 6:16, 19, 22, 23, 12:29, 50, 13:2, 12, 28:41, 30:13

Leviticus 10:1, 2, 27:34

Numbers 1:3, 19, 50, 51, 53, 3:10, 12, 13, 15, 38, 40, 41, 45, 4:2, 4, 15, 22, 24, 25, 29, 32, 7:13, 8:14, 16, 18, 19, 16:10, 35, 18:2, 6, 7, 16, 21, 26:57, 61, 33:4

Deuteronomy 10:8, 18:5

Joshua 21:5

1 Kings 12:31

1 Chronicles 6:1, 33, 15:2, 23:6, 12, 21, 27, 28, 24:1, 2

2 Chronicles 29:11

Ezra 2:43, 6:18, 8:20

Nehemiah 6:11

Ezekiel 40:45

Zechariah 12:13

Významy biblických slov

mount
'Mount Olivet' signifies the celestial church, or celestial good, which comes from love towards the Lord, and divine love.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

anointed
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

filled
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

Nadab
'Nadab' signifies doctrine from the internal sense of the Word.

died
'The soul going forth' and 'dying,' as in Genesis 35:18, signifies the extreme of temptation, which is when the old self dies and the new...

Strange fire
The phrase 'strange fire' denotes infernal love. The phrase 'strange fire,' as in Leviticus 10:1, signifies all love of self and of the world, and...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

priest
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

priesthood
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

womb
'Matrix' signifies opening of the spiritual mind.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

sanctified
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

wilderness
'The wilderness of Sin,' as in Exodus 16, signifies the good from truth in a state of temptation.

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

Sons of Levi
'The sons of Levi,' as in Deuteronomy 21:5, signify the affection of good and truth, which is charity.

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

behind
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

covering
A covering of precious stones (Ezek. 28:4, 13) signifies the truths of intelligence.

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

eight
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

thigh
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

lampstand
(Luke 15:8.) By the woman lighting a candle to find the piece of silver she had lost, is signified inquisition in herself from affection.

altars
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

minister
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

family
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

northward
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Planks
Planks' or 'boards,' as in for the tabernacle, signify supports from good, because they were made of wood, and supported the curtains both of the...

bars
In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

vessels
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

service
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

pillars
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

court
The court of the tabernacle (Exodus 27:9), etc., signifies the external of heaven, or the first, which is also called the ultimate heaven.

pegs
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

habitation
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

congregation
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

sunrise
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

keeping
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

draws
"Drawing" is used a number of different ways in the Bible, generally in the sense of pulling, leading or moving: People most commonly draw water,...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

names
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

shekels
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

sixty
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

Three hundred
'Three hundred' signifies fullness, because the number comes from three and a hundred multiplied. Both 'three' and 'a hundred' signifies fullness. The significance of products...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

shekel
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

sanctuary
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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