Micah 4

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 But it shall be in the last days, that the mountain of the house of Jehovah shall be established on the head of the mountains, and it shall be lifted·​·up from the hills; and peoples shall flow·​·together to it.

2 And many nations shall walk and say, Go, and let us go·​·up to the mountain of Jehovah, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and He will instruct us of His ways, and we will walk in His paths; for the law shall go·​·out from Zion, and the Word of Jehovah from Jerusalem.

3 And He shall judge between many peoples, and reprove numerous nations afar·​·off; and they shall beat their swords into mattocks, and their spears into pruninghooks; nation shall not lift a sword against nation, and they shall not learn war any·​·more.

4 But they shall sit, a man under his vine and under his fig·​·tree, and none shall frighten them; for the mouth of Jehovah of Armies has spoken it.

5 For all the people will walk each·​·man in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of Jehovah our god to eternity and forever.

6 In that day, says Jehovah, I will gather her who limps, and I will bring·​·together her who is expelled, and to whom I have done·​·evil.

7 And I will set her who limped to be left, and her who was driven beyond, for a numerous nation; and Jehovah shall reign over them in Mount Zion, from now and even·​·to eternity.

8 And thou, O tower of the drove*, the summit of the daughter of Zion, to thee shall it come; and the rule of the first shall come, the kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem.

9 Now why dost thou shout with shouting? Is there no king in thee? Shall thy counselor perish? For thou art held·​·firm with travailing as a woman giving·​·birth.

10 Travail, and bring·​·out, O daughter of Zion, as a woman giving·​·birth; for now shalt thou go·​·out from the city, and thou shalt inhabit the field, and thou shalt come even to Babylon; there shalt thou be rescued; there Jehovah shall redeem thee from the palm of the hand of thine enemies.

11 And now many nations are gathered against thee, who say, Let her be·​·contaminated, and let our eyes behold against Zion.

12 But they know not the thoughts of Jehovah, neither understand they His counsel; for He shall bring· them ·together as the sheaves of the threshing·​·floor.

13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion; for I will set thy horn as iron, and I will set thy hoofs as bronze, and thou shalt make·​·thin many peoples; and I will devote their gain to Jehovah, and their belongings to the Lord of all the earth.



Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 218


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2009, 2362, 3305, 4302, 4599, 5113, 6435, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 167, 206, 270, 612, 704, 749, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 39, 64

True Christian Religion 117, 298, 304, 782


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 102, 176, 220, 316, 403, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4673

Marriage 117

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 22, 57, 99

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

2 Samuel 8:11

1 Kings 5:5

2 Kings 17:29

2 Chronicles 36:20, 23

Nehemiah 3:25

Psalms 20:6, 24:1, 7, 25:8, 46:10, 83:5, 147:2

Proverbs 3:25

Song of Solomon 4:4

Isaiah 1:20, 2:1, 2, 10:7, 24:23, 32:17, 41:15, 51:4, 60:7, 22

Jeremiah 4:31, 23:4, 30:6, 7, 10, 31:8, 32:40, 51:33

Lamentations 2:16

Ezekiel 17:23, 34:16, 38:16, 17, 43:7

Hosea 2:20

Obadiah 1:12, 21

Micah 2:12, 13, 5:2, 3, 7

Zephaniah 3:13, 19, 20

Zechariah 8:22, 9:9, 10:12, 12:3, 6, 14:10

Luke 1:33

John 16:21

Revelation 12:2

Významy biblických slov

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

hills
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

God of Jacob
The God of Jacob signifies goods in act.

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

paths
'A path' denotes truths, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

Zion
Zion, in 1 Kings 8:1 and Revelation 14:1 signifies heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped. (Apocalypse Revealed 612). Zion, in the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

peoples
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

nation
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

swords
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

pruninghooks
'Ploughshares,; as in Isaiah 2:4 and Micah 4:3, signify the goods of the church which are perfected, or set forth by truths.

lift
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

armies
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

eternity
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

forever
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gather
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

reign
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

mount
'Mount Olivet' signifies the celestial church, or celestial good, which comes from love towards the Lord, and divine love.

tower
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

daughter of zion
'Virgin' and 'daughter of Zion' signify the church regarding the affection of good and truth.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

first
'The first and the last' signifies that the Lord is the only God.

shout
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

shouting
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

travail
'To travail in birth' signifies conceiving and bringing forth the elements of spiritual life.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

redeem
'To redeem' signifies vindication and liberation, because there are two words in the original language, which mean 'redemption.' One means vindication from evil, and the...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

thoughts
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

floor
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

thresh
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

iron
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

hoofs
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

gain
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

earth
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


Přeložit: