Micah 2

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1 Woe to those who think iniquity and work evil on their beds! In the light of the morning they do it, for their own hand is for a god.*

2 And they covet fields, and they take· them ·by·​·robbery; and houses, and carry them away; and they oppress a mighty·​·man and his house, and a man and his inheritance.

3 Therefore thus says Jehovah: Behold, against this family do I reckon evil, from which you shall not withdraw your necks; neither shall you go exaltedly; for it is a time of evil.

4 In that day shall one take·​·up a proverb against you, and lament, lamenting with a lamentation, and say, Being devastated we are devastated! He has altered the partition of my people; how He has withdrawn it from me! Turning·​·back He has partitioned our fields.

5 Therefore thou shalt not have any who shall cast a cord by lot in the assembly of Jehovah.

6 Preach* ye not as they preach; they shall not preach to these; they shall not take·​·away humiliation.

7 It is said of the house of Jacob, Is the spirit of Jehovah shortened, if these are His actions? Do not My words do·​·good to him if he walks uprightly?

8 And yesterday My people have arisen as an enemy on account of raiment; you strip·​·off the magnificent robe* from those who pass·​·by securely, returning from war.

9 The women of My people you have driven·​·out from their delightful houses; with their babes you have taken My honor to eternity.

10 Arise ye, and go; for this is not your rest; on account of it being defiled, it shall hurt you, and the hurt will be·​·grievous.

11 If a man is·​·walking* in spirit and lies by falsity, saying, I will preach* to thee for wine and for strong·​·drink, then he shall be a preacher of this people.

12 Gathering I will gather Jacob, all of thee; bringing·​·together I will bring·​·together what·​·is·​·left of Israel; I will set them as·​·one, as the flock of Bozrah, as the drove in the midst of their fold*; they shall make·​·a·​·noise from man.

13 The breaking·​·off has gone·​·up before them; they have broken·​·off, and have passed·​·through the gate, and have gone·​·out by it: and their king shall pass·​·through before them, and Jehovah at the head of them.



Exploring the Meaning of Micah 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Premeditated evil is worse than evil done on the spur of the moment, because the will to do evil is more involved. In Micah 2:1, 2, the hand represents power 1 , and when the evildoer treats his power as his god, the penalty is great. The planning that goes into coveting is a similar thing.

In Micah 2:3-5, the family means the church - the state of spiritual life - as it was in both kingdoms, Israel and Judah. The words here tell that both these parts of the church will be devastated, first one and then the other. Thus, in the end, there will be none left in the land of Canaan, and there will be no choosing of inheritance, as was done with Joshua back when the land was first divided amongst the 12 tribes. (See Joshua 13 through 16). To cast a cord is to use a measuring cord to plot out a piece of land.

Micah 2:6, 7. To drop down means to drop knowledge down to one who does not know, that is, to teach. Those who are in evil are not humble enough to be taught. Only those who “walk uprightly” profit from teaching about the Lord and His Word.

Micah 2:8,9. People who are not humble enough to learn truths become enemies to good people. They will try to argue away the truths from someone who uses them to fight temptations. In these verses, the stolen garment means truths 2 . The war means temptations. The gentle love of feeling close to the Lord, and the love of innocence 3 , will be attacked by evil people who will try to destroy them by scoffing and denial.

Micah 2:10, 11. The unteachable people of that dying church will perish. They will only accept teachings from a prophet who promises wine and strong drink. In a good sense, wine in the Word represents truth, as when it's used in the holy supper. But, like all natural things, the meaning can sometimes be used in the opposite way, as here, where it means the falsities of evil. 4

Micah 2:12, 13. There will still be a few people who remain good, and true. These will be gathered by the Lord as a flock to its fold. From their speaking they can be judged, and then led on to the new church established by Jehovah.

The takeaways for us, reading this text 2600 years later, could be boiled down to these truths:
- Don't premeditate evil.
- We need to be humble enough to learn truths about the Lord.
- If we walk uprightly, we have a chance to receive truth, and practice it, and benefit from what we learn.
- If we remain good and true, the Lord can lead us.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see Arcana Coelestia 4402[9].

2. See Arcana Coelestia 8942.

3. See Arcana Coelestia 5608[8].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 376[18].

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Premeditated evil is worse than evil done on the spur of the moment, because the will to do evil is more involved. In Micah 2:1, 2, the hand represents power 1 , and when the evildoer treats his power as his god, the penalty is great. The planning that goes into coveting is a similar thing.

In Micah 2:3-5, the family means the church - the state of spiritual life - as it was in both kingdoms, Israel and Judah. The words here tell that both these parts of the church will be devastated, first one and then the other. Thus, in the end, there will be none left in the land of Canaan, and there will be no choosing of inheritance, as was done with Joshua back when the land was first divided amongst the 12 tribes. (See Joshua 13 through 16). To cast a cord is to use a measuring cord to plot out a piece of land.

Micah 2:6, 7. To drop down means to drop knowledge down to one who does not know, that is, to teach. Those who are in evil are not humble enough to be taught. Only those who “walk uprightly” profit from teaching about the Lord and His Word.

Micah 2:8,9. People who are not humble enough to learn truths become enemies to good people. They will try to argue away the truths from someone who uses them to fight temptations. In these verses, the stolen garment means truths 2 . The war means temptations. The gentle love of feeling close to the Lord, and the love of innocence 3 , will be attacked by evil people who will try to destroy them by scoffing and denial.

Micah 2:10, 11. The unteachable people of that dying church will perish. They will only accept teachings from a prophet who promises wine and strong drink. In a good sense, wine in the Word represents truth, as when it's used in the holy supper. But, like all natural things, the meaning can sometimes be used in the opposite way, as here, where it means the falsities of evil. 4

Micah 2:12, 13. There will still be a few people who remain good, and true. These will be gathered by the Lord as a flock to its fold. From their speaking they can be judged, and then led on to the new church established by Jehovah.

The takeaways for us, reading this text 2600 years later, could be boiled down to these truths:
- Don't premeditate evil.
- We need to be humble enough to learn truths about the Lord.
- If we walk uprightly, we have a chance to receive truth, and practice it, and benefit from what we learn.
- If we remain good and true, the Lord can lead us.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see Arcana Coelestia 4402[9].

2. See Arcana Coelestia 8942.

3. See Arcana Coelestia 5608[8].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 376[18].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 216


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 248, 878, 2851, 3305, 3542, 4281, 4286, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 137, 328, 434, 899

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 48

True Christian Religion 156


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 395, 555

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

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Významy biblických slov

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

beds
A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

light
In the Word, “light” in the highest sense represents Divine Truth: knowledge, ideas, understanding that come to us from the Lord. In lesser degrees...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

fields
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

family
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

necks
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

cord
Rope or cord denotes conjunction.

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

assembly
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Spirit of Jehovah
'The spirit of Jehovah' signifies the influx of truth and goodness.

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

enemy
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

raiment
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

strip
As in Micah 1:8, 'to be stripped' signifies being without goods, and 'to be naked' signifies being without truths.

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

eternity
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Walking
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Wine
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

gather
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

Bozrah
'Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, Dibon, Nebo, Beth-diblathaim, Kiriathaim, Beth-gamu, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 48:21-26, signify the kinds of the false principle, whereby those...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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