Leviticus 4

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

2 Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin in ignorance against any of the commandments of Jehovah concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do one of them;

3 if the anointed priest sin to the guilt of the people; then let him offer for his sin, which he has sinned, a son of the herd, a perfect bullock to Jehovah for a sin offering.

4 And he shall bring the bullock to the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation before Jehovah; and shall lay his hand upon the head of the bullock, and slaughter the bullock before Jehovah.

5 And the priest that is anointed shall take of the blood of the bullock, and bring it to the Tabernacle of the congregation;

6 and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and spatter of the blood seven times before Jehovah, before the veil of the sanctuary.

7 And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of the fragrant incense before Jehovah, which is in the Tabernacle of the congregation; and shall spill all the blood of the bullock at the foundation of the altar of the burnt·​·offering, which is at the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation.

8 And he shall lift·​·up from it all the fat of the bullock for the sin offering; the fat that covers over the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,

9 and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is on the entrails, and the caul on the liver, on the kidneys, it he shall remove,

10 as it was lifted·​·up from the ox of the sacrifice of peace·​·offerings; and the priest shall burn· them ·for·​·incense on the altar of the burnt·​·offering.

11 And the skin of the bullock, and all its flesh, on its head, and on its legs, and its inwards, and its dung,

12 and he shall bring· all the bullock ·out to a clean place outside of the camp, to where the grease is spilled·​·out, and burn· it ·up on the wood with fire; on the place where the grease is spilled·​·out shall it be burnt·​·up.

13 And if all the congregation of Israel err, and the thing be hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done something against any one of the commandments of Jehovah, which should not have been done, and are·​·guilty;

14 and the sin, which they have sinned against it*, is known, then the assembly shall offer a son of the herd, a bullock for the sin, and bring him before the Tabernacle of the congregation.

15 And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before Jehovah; and the bullock shall be slaughtered before Jehovah.

16 And the anointed priest shall bring of the blood of the bullock to the Tabernacle of the congregation;

17 and the priest shall dip his finger in some of the blood, and spatter it seven times before Jehovah, before the veil.

18 And he shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before Jehovah, which is in the Tabernacle of the congregation, and shall spill all the blood at the foundation of the altar of the burnt·​·offering, which is at the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation.

19 And he shall lift·​·high all its fat from it, and burn· it ·for·​·incense on the altar.

20 And he shall do to the bullock as he did to the bullock of the sin offering, so shall he do to it; and the priest shall make·​·atonement for them, and it shall be pardoned them.

21 And he shall bring·​·out the bullock to outside of the camp, and burn· it ·up as he burned·​·up the first bullock; it is a sin offering of the assembly.

22 When a chief has sinned, and done something in ignorance against one of any of the commandments of Jehovah his God, which should not be done, and is·​·guilty,

23 or his sin is made known to him, in which he has sinned, then he shall bring as his offering a male goat of the goats, a perfect male;

24 and he shall lay his hand upon the head of the male goat, and slaughter it in the place where they slaughter the burnt·​·offering before Jehovah; it is a sin offering.

25 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of the burnt·​·offering, and shall spill its blood at the foundation of the altar of the burnt·​·offering.

26 And he shall burn·​·for·​·incense all its fat on the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of the peace·​·offerings; and the priest shall make·​·atonement for himself from his sin, and he shall be pardoned.

27 And if one soul of the people of the land sin in ignorance, when he does somewhat against one of the commandments of Jehovah concerning things which ought not to be done, and be·​·guilty;

28 or if his sin, which he has sinned, be known to him: then he shall bring his offering, a she-goat of the goats, a perfect female, for his sin which he has sinned.

29 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slaughter the sin offering in the place of the burnt·​·offering.

30 And the priest shall take of its blood with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of the burnt·​·offering, and shall spill all its blood at the foundation of the altar.

31 And he shall remove all the fat; as the fat is removed from upon the sacrifice of the peace·​·offerings; and the priest shall burn· it ·for·​·incense upon the altar for a restful smell to Jehovah; and the priest shall make·​·atonement for him, and he shall be pardoned.

32 And if he bring a lamb for a sin offering, he shall bring it a perfect female.

33 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slaughter it for a sin offering in the place where he slaughters the burnt·​·offering.

34 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of the burnt·​·offering, and shall spill all its blood at the foundation of the altar;

35 and he shall remove all the fat, as the fat of the lamb is removed from the sacrifice of the peace·​·offerings; and the priest shall burn· them ·for·​·incense on the altar, on the fire·​·offerings to Jehovah; and the priest shall atone concerning him, concerning his sin that he has sinned, and he shall be pardoned.

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Explanation of Leviticus 4      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-12. The purification of the celestial man, as to the natural degree, from errors committed without fault, and the worship of the Lord Involved in the process, is described

Verses 13-21. The purification of the spiritual man, and worship in like manner

Verses 22-26. The purification of natural men, their worship, and their regeneration, are next treated of; and first, as to the state of truth leading to good

Verses 27-31. Secondly, as to their state of the good of truth, or of good, adopted as a principle of life

Verses 32-35. And lastly, as to their state of genuine good, which is their inmost state.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2180


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 353, 716, 1001, 2832, 3519, 4236, 4735, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 242, 278, 379, 468, 782, 862

True Christian Religion 706


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 167, 257, 279, 316, 324, 329, 365, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 29:10, 11, 12, 14, 30:10

Leviticus 1:3, 4, 5, 10, 3:3, 14, 15, 5:6, 9, 10, 13, 16, 17, 18, 6:4, 18, 22, 23, 7:2, 8:11, 14, 15, 17, 9:2, 3, 9, 14:7, 18, 16:3, 5, 14, 15, 27, 17:11, 19:22, 21:10, 23:19

Numbers 7:16, 15:22, 24, 25, 27, 28, 19:4

2 Chronicles 29:22, 23

Psalms 19:13, 90:8

Ezekiel 40:39, 43:22, 44:27, 45:17, 20, 22

1 Timothy 1:13

Hebrews 7:27, 13:11

1 John 1:9

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

commandments
In Deuteronomy 11:1, 'statutes' signify the external parts of the Word, such as rituals, and representations of the internal sense. 'Judgments' signify the internal parts...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

herd
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

perfect
'The days of the perfect' signifies the states of people who are in good and truths from good.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

slaughter
'Slaughter' signifies perdition and damnation. 'Slaughter' and 'a storm of slaughter,' signifies evils which destroy the goods of the church. 'The day of great slaughter'...

the blood of the
‘The blood of the grape’ signifies spiritual celestial good, which is the name given to the divine in heaven as it goes out from the...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

finger
The ten fingers signify all things terminated in ultimates.

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

sanctuary
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

fragrant
Fragrant signifies the truth of good.

Incense
'Incense' or 'odors' signify worship and confession of the Lord, from spiritual goods and truths.

foundation
A foundation signifies truth on which heaven and the church, and its doctrines are founded.

fat
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

kidneys
'Kidneys,' as in Exodus 29:13, signify interior truths, or truths exploring, purifying, and correcting.

liver
'Kidneys,' as in Exodus 29:13, signify interior truths, or truths exploring, purifying, and correcting.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

legs
'Legs' signify the exteriors of the natural man.

clean
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

assembly
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

elders
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

first
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

made known
In natural language the word "manifest" simply means to make something clear or obvious. A unique use, in fact, has to do with shipping; a...

goat
'A kid' signifies the truth of the church. 'A kid,' as in Isaiah 11:6, signifies the genuine truth of the church and also innocence and...

goats
'Satyrs,' as in Isaiah 13:21, signify goods adulterated.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

female
Female signifies good.

smell
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

lamb
'A lamb' signifies the good of the innocence of infancy. 'A lamb' signifies the Lord regarding His divine humanity. The lamb,' as in Revelation 8:11,...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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