Leviticus 19

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

2 Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and say to them, You shall be holy; for I, Jehovah, your God am holy.

3 You shall fear a man his mother, and his father, and keep My Sabbaths; I am Jehovah your God.

4 Turn ye not to vain·​·gods, nor make to yourselves molten gods; I am Jehovah your God.

5 And if you sacrifice a sacrifice of peace·​·offerings to Jehovah, you shall sacrifice it at your own good·​·pleasure.

6 It shall be eaten in the day of your sacrifice, and on the morrow; and what remains until the third day, it shall be burnt·​·up in the fire.

7 And if eating it be eaten on the third day, it is an abomination; it shall not be well·​·pleasing.

8 And he who eats it shall bear his iniquity, for he has profaned that which is holy of Jehovah; and that soul shall be cut·​·off from his peoples.

9 And when you harvest the harvest of your land, thou shalt not complete the corners of thy field, and thou shalt not collect all the collecting of thy harvest.

10 And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou collect every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the afflicted and sojourner; I am Jehovah your God.

11 You shall not steal, and you shall not deceive, and you shall not do·​·falsely, a man with his fellow.

12 And you shall not promise in My name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God; I am Jehovah.

13 Thou shalt not oppress thy companion, neither rob him; the wages for the work of him who is a hireling shall not pass·​·the·​·night with thee until the morning.

14 Thou shalt not revile someone deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind, but shalt fear thy God; I am Jehovah.

15 You shall not do perversity in judgment; thou shalt not accept the faces of the poor*, nor honor the faces of the great; but in justice shalt thou judge thy fellow·​·man.

16 Thou shalt not go slandering among thy people; thou shalt not stand against the blood of thy companion: I am Jehovah.

17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart; reproving thou shalt reprove thy fellow·​·man, and not bear a sin against him.

18 Thou shalt not avenge, and thou shalt not bear·​·a·​·grudge against the sons of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself; I am Jehovah.

19 You shall keep My statutes. Thou shalt not breed thy beast with two·​·types together; thou shalt not sow thy field with two·​·types of seed: and a garment of two·​·types of cloth·​·mixed together shall not come·​·up on thee.

20 And if a man lies with a woman, lying·​·down with seed, and she is a handmaid, promised* to a man, and redeeming she has not been redeemed, or freedom has not been given to her, there shall be a seeking·​·out; they shall not be put·​·to·​·death, for she was· not ·free.

21 And he shall bring his guilt offering to Jehovah, to the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation, even a ram for a guilt offering.

22 And the priest shall make·​·atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before Jehovah for his sin which he has sinned; and the sin which he has sinned shall be pardoned him.

23 And when you shall come into the land, and shall have planted all kinds of trees for food, then its fruit shall be uncircumcised as a foreskin; three years shall it be uncircumcised for you: it shall not be eaten.

24 But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy praises to Jehovah.

25 And in the fifth year you shall eat of its fruit, to add to you its increase; I am Jehovah your God.

26 You shall not eat on the blood; you shall not foretell, nor be·​·a·​·wizard.

27 You shall not round·​·off* the corners of your heads, and thou shalt not mar the corners of thy beard.

28 And a laceration for the soul you shall not put in your flesh, and the writing of a tattoo you shall not put on you; I am Jehovah.

29 Do not profane thy daughter, to cause her to·​·commit·​·harlotry; that the land not commit·​·harlotry, and the land become·​·full of crime.

30 You shall keep My Sabbaths, and My sanctuary you shall fear; I am Jehovah.

31 Turn not to mediums, and to soothsayers seek not, to be defiled by them; I am Jehovah your God.

32 Thou shalt rise·​·up before those with gray·​·hairs, and honor the face of the old, and fear thy God; I am Jehovah.

33 And when a sojourner sojourn with thee in your land, you shall not exploit him.

34 But the sojourner who sojourns with you shall be to you as the native among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt; I am Jehovah your God.

35 You shall not do perversity in judgment, in measurement, in weight, or in volume.

36 A just balance, just stones, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall be to you; I am Jehovah your God, who brought· you ·out of the land of Egypt.

37 And you shall keep all My statutes, and all My judgments, and do them; I am Jehovah.

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Explanation of Leviticus 19      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-8. Instruction is given that man must conjoin good and truth in himself; reverence and love them; confirm himself in true worship; refrain from selfish and worldly love which is idolatry; love good as manifested in truth; worship in freedom; appropriate good; reject evil in the process of Judgement; and especially avoid profanation then, because this would be to confirm himself in evil

Verses 9-10. In the period of Judgement good and truth are to be devoted to the Lord in works of charity without any selfish motive

Verses 11-18. Various prohibitions involving important spiritual obligations

Verses 19-22. Concerning the illegitimate conjunction of good affections with evil in the course of regeneration, but not from deliberate wickedness; and concerning the remedy and its result

Verses 23-25. On the appropriation of good in the perfect state; its relative imperfection; its full realization; and its abundant increase by the implantation of remains

Verses 26-37. Concerning various prohibitions and duties which the truly spiritual man ought by no means to neglect.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2039, 2187, 2576, 2788, 3400, 4444, 4495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 210, 400, 474, 505, 586

Doctrine of Life 2

True Christian Religion 468, 675


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 195, 204, 239, 365, 373, 417, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 12:10, 48, 49, 19:6, 20:4, 7, 8, 12, 15, 22:20, 23:1, 2, 3, 6, 30:33, 31:13, 34:17

Leviticus 3:6, 17, 4:20, 26, 31, 35, 7:17, 18, 20, 21, 11:44, 45, 18:4, 19:3, 4, 10, 14, 15, 19, 25, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 37, 20:3, 6, 8, 21:5, 8, 15, 23, 22:31, 23:14, 22, 25:14, 17, ...

Deuteronomy 4:1, 5, 16, 7:25, 14:1, 18:10, 11, 22:9, 10, 11, 23:8, 18, 24:14, 15, 19, 21, 25:13, 15, 27:18

Ruth 2:2, 8, 10, 15

1 Samuel 24:10, 28:3, 7

2 Samuel 13:22

1 Kings 14:9

2 Kings 17:17

1 Chronicles 23:29

2 Chronicles 28:2, 36:14

Nehemiah 9:14, 13:17

Job 32:4, 21

Psalms 15:3, 50:20, 82:2, 101:5, 7, 111:10, 141:5

Proverbs 10:18, 16:11, 20:22, 22:22

Isaiah 48:1, 58:13

Jeremiah 5:2, 6:28, 7:6, 9:25, 16:6, 22:13, 34:16

Ezekiel 22:9, 29, 45:10, 47:22

Zechariah 5:3

Malachi 1:6

Matthew 5:33, 39, 43, 18:15, 20:8, 22:16, 39

Mark 12:31

Luke 10:27, 17:3

Romans 12:19, 13:9

1 Corinthians 10:14

Galatians 5:14

Ephesians 4:25

Colossians 3:9

1 Thessalonians 4:6

2 Thessalonians 3:15

1 Timothy 5:1

Hebrews 12:9

James 2:1, 8, 4:11, 5:4

1 Peter 1:16, 2:17, 5:5

1 John 3:15

Jude 1:16

Významy biblických slov

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

gods
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

pleasure
'To be satisfied with favor' signifies being filled with the good of love, and 'to be full with the blessings of the Lord' signifies being...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

remains
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

eating
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Third day
'The third day' signifies the end of a state of preparation for reception, and so an end of purification, as in Exodus 19:16. 'The third...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

eats
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Vineyard
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

Grape
‘Grape,’ in a good sense, mean ‘goodness,’ but in an opposite sense, ‘evil.’ ‘To eat sour grapes’ signifies to take into one's self the false...

steal
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

hireling
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

avenge
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

neighbor
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

handmaid
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

entrance
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

congregation
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

ram
'A ram' signifies the Lord’s divine spiritual nature pertaining to a person. 'A ram' signifies the good of innocence and charity in the internal self....

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

planted
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

uncircumcised
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

foreskin
Heaven is filled with the love and delight of marriage, which has its origin in the marriage of love and wisdom in the Lord and...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

fourth
'The fourth watch' signifies the first state of the church at break of day, when good begins to act by truth.

holy
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

blood
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

heads
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

beard
'Hairs of the head, the beard, and the feet,' as mentioned in Isaiah 7:20, signify the following things: 'Hairs of the head' signify the outermost...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

sabbaths
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

mediums
'Wizards' denote people who conjoin the falsities, springing from the evils of self-love, to the truths of faith.

soothsayers
'Wizards' denote people who conjoin the falsities, springing from the evils of self-love, to the truths of faith.

seek
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

rise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

sojourn
There is a long history of using travel to round out an education, from the 19th-century “world tours” taken by Oxford and Cambridge graduates to...

sojourner
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

sojourns
There is a long history of using travel to round out an education, from the 19th-century “world tours” taken by Oxford and Cambridge graduates to...

love
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

sojourners
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Perversity
'Perversity' signifies the evil of falsity.

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

just
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

balance
The balances mentioned in Revelation 6:5 signify the estimation of goodness and truth.

stones
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

ephah
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

hin
'A hin' denotes the measurement of conjunction.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

statutes
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

judgments
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

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Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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