Leviticus 11

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1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,

2 Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, These are the animals which you shall eat out·​·of all the beasts that are on the earth.

3 All dividing the hoof, and the cloven hoofs being·​·cloven, and brings·​·up the cud, among the beast, it you shall eat.

4 Surely this you shall not eat, from that which brings·​·up the cud, and from that which divides the hoof: as the camel, for it brings·​·up the cud, but divides not the hoof; it is unclean for you.

5 And the rabbit, for it brings·​·up the cud, but divides not the hoof; it is unclean for you.

6 And the hare, for it brings·​·up the cud, but divides not the hoof; it is unclean for you.

7 And the swine, though it divide the hoof, and the cloven hoof be·​·cloven, yet it chews not the cud; it is unclean for you.

8 Of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcass you shall not touch; they are unclean to you.

9 These you shall eat of all that are in the waters; all that has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the brooks, them you shall eat.

10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the brooks, of all crawling things in the waters, and of any living soul which is in the waters, they are detestable to you;

11 and they shall be detestable to you; of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall detest.

12 All that has no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be detestable to you.

13 And these you shall detest of the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are detestable; the eagle, and the peres, and the ozniyah*,

14 and the kite, and the ayah according·​·to its kind;

15 every raven according·​·to its kind;

16 and the daughter of the owl, and the night·​·hawk, and the woodpecker, and the hawk according·​·to his kind,

17 and the little·​·owl, and the cormorant, and the screech·​·owl,

18 and the swan, and the spoonbill, and the gier·​·eagle,

19 and the stork, the heron according·​·to her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.

20 Every crawling flying thing, walking on four, it shall be detestable to you.

21 Only these may you eat from every flying crawling thing that goes upon four, which have legs above their feet, to hop with them upon the earth;

22 even these of them you may eat; the locust according·​·to his kind, and the rock·​·locust according·​·to his kind, and the hargol* according·​·to his kind, and the grasshopper according·​·to his kind.

23 But every other* flying crawling thing, which has four feet, it is detestable to you.

24 And for these you shall be·​·unclean; anything that touches the carcass of them shall be·​·unclean until the evening.

25 And whoever carries anything of the carcass of them shall wash his garments, and be·​·unclean until the evening.

26 The carcasses of every beast that divides the hoof, but it is not cloven to be·​·cloven, and it brings· not ·up the cud, they are unclean for you; all who touch them shall be·​·unclean.

27 And whatever goes upon his paws*, among all animals that go on all four, those are unclean to you; whoever touches their carcass shall·​·be·​·unclean until the evening.

28 And he that bears the carcass of them shall wash his garments, and be·​·unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you.

29 And these shall be unclean to you among the crawling things that crawls on the earth; the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise according·​·to its kind,

30 and the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole.

31 These are unclean to you among all the crawling things; whoever touches them, in their death, he shall be·​·unclean until the evening.

32 And all on which any of them shall fall in their death, it shall be·​·unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or garment, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it be, in which any use* is done, it must be brought into water, and it shall be·​·unclean until the evening; and it shall be·​·clean.

33 And every pottery vessel, into the midst of which falls of them, all that is in its midst shall be·​·unclean; and you shall break it.

34 Of all food which may be eaten, that on which such water comes shall·​·be·​·unclean; and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel shall·​·be·​·unclean.

35 And every thing upon which any part of their carcass falls shall be·​·unclean; even an oven or a furnace shall be torn·​·down; they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.

36 Surely a fountain and pit, a reservoir of waters, shall be clean; but that which touches their carcass shall be·​·unclean.

37 And if any part of their carcass fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it shall be clean.

38 But if any water be put upon the seed, and any part of their carcass fall upon it, it shall be unclean to you.

39 And if a beast, which is for you for food, die, he who touches its carcass shall be·​·unclean until the evening.

40 And he that eats of the carcass of it shall wash his garments, and be·​·unclean until the evening; and he that bears the carcass of it shall wash his garments, and be·​·unclean until the evening.

41 And any crawling thing that crawls upon the earth shall be detestable; it shall not be eaten.

42 Anything that goes on the belly, and anything that goes on four, even·​·to anything that has·​·many feet, as·​·to any crawling thing crawling upon the earth, them you shall not eat; for they are detestable.

43 Make not your soul to be·​·detestable with any crawling thing that crawls; and you shall not defile yourselves with them and be defiled by them.

44 For I am Jehovah your God; and you shall sanctify yourselves and you shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall you defile your soul with any crawling thing that creeps on the earth.

45 For I am Jehovah who brings· you ·up from the land of Egypt, to be for you for God; and you shall be holy, for I am holy.

46 This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living soul that creeps in the waters, and of every soul that crawls upon the earth;

47 to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten.

  
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Explanation of Leviticus 11      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-8. Instruction concerning good affections that may be appropriated by the man of the church, and evil affections that may not be appropriated on account of their impurity

Verses 9-12. Also concerning the truths of the Word in the memory that may be appropriated or not

Verses 13-19. The evil thoughts that ought not to be appropriated are next particularized

Verses 20-23. Then the appropriation of sensual and corporeal things is considered

Verses 24-28. Certain other causes of spiritual impurity are specified which ought to be avoided

Verses 29-38 and 41-43. And sensual and corporeal affections of the lowest kind, which are causes of impurity, ought not to be appropriated

Verses 39-40. Also every affection which, in its orderly state, may be appropriated, becomes impure if it be vastated of good and truth, and contact therewith produces impurity which must be removed by a change of state

Verses 44-45. For the Lord is holiness and purity in themselves, and by delivering mankind has made it possible for every one who chooses to become holy and pure

Verses 46-47. These are the laws of Divine Order relating to purity and impurity in the feeling's and thoughts; and also to the appropriation or non-appropriation of good or evil.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 617


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 944, 994, 3147, 5954, 7643, 10130, 10296

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 378, 417

True Christian Religion 288, 506, 670


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 195, 388, 475, 543, 622, 650, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 7:2, 3

Exodus 19:6, 20:2, 22:30

Leviticus 5:2, 6:21, 7:21, 10:10, 14:46, 15:5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 15, 21, 22, 23, 27, 16:26, 28, 17:15, 18:2, 19:2, 3, 4, 10, 36, 20:7, 26, 22:5, 6, 33, 25:38, 26:45

Numbers 15:40, 19:7, 8, 10, 15

Deuteronomy 14:4, 21

Joshua 24:19

1 Samuel 2:2

Proverbs 30:26, 28

Isaiah 65:4, 66:17

Ezekiel 4:14

Matthew 3:4

1 Thessalonians 4:3, 7

Hebrews 9:10

1 Peter 1:15, 16

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, at different stages of the story. During the first part of the exodus, when he...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

animals
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

earth
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hoof
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

hoofs
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

camel
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

carcass
The body (Matt. 6:22), signifies the man (homo). "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree" (Deut. 21:23), signifies lest it should be...

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

scales
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

seas
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

carcasses
A carcass (Matt. 24:28) signifies the church void of the life of charity and faith.

fowls
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

eagle
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

birds
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

raven
'A raven,' as in Genesis 8:7, signifies falsities. The spiritual self only knows general truths from the Word, and forms its conscience from these, and...

Owl
'An owl' signifies the falsification of truth.

hawk
'A hawk' represents the natural self separated from the spiritual self.

Walking
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

legs
'Legs' signify the exteriors of the natural man.

feet
Our feet are the lowest parts of our bodies, and they're very useful! In the Bible, feet represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

locust
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

touches
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

garments
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Palms
'To hold palms in the hands' signifies confession from divine truths. 'Palms' signify a holy celebration which is from good, as in John 12:12, 13...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

bears
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

mouse
'Mice,' as in 1 Samuel 6:1-21, signify the falsities of the sensory human.

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. See Arcana Coelestia 1835, 10036, and Apocalypse Explained 386. 'Skin,' as in Job 19:26, means...

sack
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

falls
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

break
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

drink
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

drunk
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

oven
'An oven,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies hell, where the people live who confirm themselves in false doctrines and evils of life from earthly and...

fountain
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

pit
'A pit,' as in Genesis 41:14, signifies a state of temptation.

clean
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

eats
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

sanctify
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

fowl
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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