Lamentations 3

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1 א I am the mighty·​·man that has seen affliction by the scepter of His wrath.

2 א He has directed me, and walked me into darkness, but not into light.

3 א Surely against me is He turned·​·back; He turns His hand against me all the day.

4 ב He wore·​·down My flesh and my skin; He has broken my bones.

5 ב He has built against me, and encircled me with gall and weariness.

6 ב He has made me sit in darkness, as those who are dead to eternity.

7 ג He has fenced·​·in behind me and I go· not ·out. He has made· my bronze chains ·heavy.

8 ג Also when I cry and cry·​·out, He blocks out my prayer.

9 ג He has fenced·​·in my ways with hewn stone, He has turned· my trails ·upside·​·down.

10 ד He was unto me as a bear setting·​·an·​·ambush, and as a lion in hiding places.

11 ד He has turned·​·aside my ways, and pulled· me ·in·​·pieces; He has made me desolate.

12 ד He has bent His bow, and set· me ·up as a target for the arrow.

13 ה He has caused the sons of His quiver to come into my kidneys.

14 ה I was laughed·​·at by all my people; and by their music* all the day.

15 ה He has satiated me with bitternesses, He has soaked me with wormwood.

16 ו And He has ground·​·down my teeth with gravel, He has strewn me with ashes.

17 ו And Thou hast cast·​·off my soul from peace; I forgot goodness.

18 ו And I said, My victory has perished, and my hope from Jehovah:

19 ז remember my affliction and my being·​·dominated, for the wormwood and the gall.

20 ז Remembering my soul remembers, and is bowed·​·down within me.

21 ז This I return to my heart, therefore I have·​·hope.

22 ח It is of the mercies of Jehovah that we are not entirely consumed, for His compassions are not all·​·consumed.

23 ח They are new in the mornings; great is Thy faithfulness.

24 ח Jehovah is my part, says my soul; therefore will I hope in Him.

25 ט Jehovah is good to those who wait for Him, to the soul that inquires after Him.

26 ט It is good that a man should both hope and be still for the salvation of Jehovah.

27 ט It is good for a mighty·​·man that he bear the yoke in his youth.

28 י He sits alone and is·​·still, because He has carried it upon him.

29 י He puts his mouth in the dust; if so be there·​·is hope.

30 י He gives his jaw to him who smites him; he is satisfied with reproach.

31 כ For the Lord will not cast·​·off for eternity:

32 כ but though He makes·​·sorrowful, yet will He have·​·compassion according·​·to the multitude of His mercies.

33 כ For He does not afflict from His heart nor make· the sons of men ·sorrowful.

34 ל To crush under His feet all the bound ones of the earth,

35 ל to turn aside the judgment of a man before the face of the Most·​·High,

36 ל to subvert man in his strife, the Lord provides* not.

37 מ Who is this that says, and it comes·​·to·​·pass, if the Lord commands not?

38 מ Does not evil and good go·​·forth out·​·of the mouth of the Most·​·High?

39 מ What does a living man murmur about, a man over his sins?

40 נ Let us search our ways and search· them ·out, and turn·​·back to Jehovah.

41 נ Let us lift·​·up our heart with our hands unto God in the heavens.

42 נ We have transgressed and have rebelled; Thou hast not pardoned.

43 ס Thou hast covered with anger, and persecuted us; Thou hast killed, Thou hast not pitied.

44 ס Thou hast covered Thyself with a cloud, that our prayer should not pass·​·through.

45 ס Thou hast set us as as scraped and rejected among the people.

46 פ All our enemies have gaped with their mouths against us.

47 פ Dread and a chasm is upon us, the vastation and the breaking.

48 פ streams of waters go·​·down my eye on·​·account·​·of the breaking of the daughter of my people.

49 ע My eye flows·​·down, and is· not ·still, without failing,

50 ע until Jehovah look·​·down and see from the heavens.

51 ע My eye acts on my soul more than all the daughters of my city.

52 צ My enemies without·​·cause hunting did hunt me as a bird,

53 צ They have cut·​·away my life in the pit, and cast·​·down a stone on me.

54 צ Waters flowed·​·over on my head; then I said, I am severed.

55 ק I called·​·upon Thy name, O Jehovah, out·​·of the lower pit.

56 ק Thou hast heard my voice; hide not Thine ear to my respiration, to my outcry.

57 ק Thou camest·​·near in the day that I called·​·upon Thee; Thou didst say, Fear not.

58 ר O Lord, Thou hast pleaded the pleas of my soul; Thou hast redeemed my life.

59 ר O Jehovah, Thou hast seen my wrong; judge Thou my cause*.

60 ר Thou hast seen all their vengeance and all their thoughts against me.

61 ש Thou hast heard their reproach, O Jehovah, and all their thoughts against me;

62 ש the lips of those that rose·​·up, and their meditation against me all the day.

63 ש Look·​·on their sitting and their rising·​·up; I am their music*.

64 ת Return to them a recompense, O Jehovah, according·​·to the deed of their hands.

65 ת Give to them sorrow of heart, Thine oath unto them.

66 ת Persecute and blot· them ·out in anger from under the heavens of Jehovah.

  
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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 121


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3869, 8941, 9024, 9163

Apocalypse Revealed 306, 410, 485, 573, 721


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 365, 419, 519, 727, 781

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 59

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Významy biblických slov

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

affliction
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

walked
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

darkness
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" represents a state where truth is lacking. Here's a cogent passage...

light
In the Word, “light” in the highest sense represents Divine Truth: knowledge, ideas, understanding that come to us from the Lord. In lesser degrees...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

turns
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. See Arcana Coelestia 1835, 10036, and Apocalypse Explained 386. 'Skin,' as in Job 19:26, means...

broken
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

bones
Bones are strong and supportive, providing a framework for our bodies and making motion and action possible. They are also the least "alive" part of...

built
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

gall
Gall signifies the same thing as wormwood, that is, infernal falsity.

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

eternity
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

bronze
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

cry
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

bear
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

lion
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

bow
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

arrow
In the Word, arrows stand for truths which defend person from falsity. In Arcana Coelestia 2709, it says this when discussing Genesis 21:20: "And he...

quiver
'A quiver,' as in Isaiah 49:2, signifies the Word. 'A quiver' signifies the doctrinal matters of good and truth.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

kidneys
'Kidneys,' as in Exodus 29:13, signify interior truths, or truths exploring, purifying, and correcting.

wormwood
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

teeth
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

ashes
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

remembering
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

remembers
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

return
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

mercies
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

mornings
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

faithfulness
In the modern world, we’re used to thinking of “faith” as primarily an emotional state. When Swedenborg talks about “faith” – which his books do...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

youth
'Tender of age' denotes the state of truths newly received not yet genuine.

sits
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

dust
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

satisfied
'What satisfies' is what nourishes the soul.

reproach
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

lift
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

rebelled
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

anger
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

killed
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

cloud
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

mouths
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

look
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

daughters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

hunting
'To hunt' signifies in general 'persuading,' and in particular, 'to captivate and ensnare people's minds,' by flattering them in the pursuit of the things of...

hunt
'To hunt' signifies in general 'persuading,' and in particular, 'to captivate and ensnare people's minds,' by flattering them in the pursuit of the things of...

bird
"Birds" mean rational concepts in the external man and intellectual concepts in the internal man.

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

pit
'A pit,' as in Genesis 41:14, signifies a state of temptation.

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

heard
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

redeemed
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

thoughts
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

lips
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sitting
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

rising
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

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It is Damaging to Take the Bible Literally

When you read the Bible literally, God seems angry, the text condones violence, and it doesn't match up with science. But when you understand the language as divine allegory, things start to make sense.


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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