Judges 7

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And Jerubbaal—he is Gideon—and all the people who were with him got·​·up·​·early and encamped by the fount of Harod, and the camp of Midian was on the north of it from the hill of Moreh in the valley.

2 And Jehovah said to Gideon, The people who are with thee are too many for Me to give Midian into their hand, lest Israel vaunt himself over Me, saying, My own hand has saved me.

3 And now, I pray thee, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whoever is fearful and frightened, let him turn·​·back and turn about from Mount Gilead; and twenty and two thousand of the people turned·​·back; and ten thousand were·​·left.

4 And Jehovah said to Gideon, The people are yet too many; bring· them ·down to the waters, and I will examine them for thee there; and it shall be that of whom I say to thee, This one shall go with thee, he shall go with thee; and all of whom I shall say to thee, This one shall not go with thee, he shall not go.

5 And he brought· the people ·down to the water, and Jehovah said to Gideon, Everyone who laps·​·up from the water with his tongue as the dog laps, him thou shalt place by·​·himself, and everyone who stoops·​·down on his knees to drink.

6 And the number of those who lapped, with their hand to their mouth, was three hundred men; but all the remainder of the people stooped·​·down on their knees to drink water.

7 And Jehovah said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men who lapped will I save you, and will give Midian into thy hand; and let all the people go every man to his place.

8 And the people took victuals in their hand and their shophars*; and he sent· every man of Israel ·away, a man to his tent; but he held·​·firmly the three hundred men; and the camp of Midian was beneath him in the valley.

9 And it was, in that night, that Jehovah said unto him, Arise, go·​·down into the camp, for I have given it into thy hand.

10 But if thou fear to go·​·down, go·​·down, thou and Purah thy lad, to the camp;

11 and thou shalt hear what they speak, and afterwards shall thy hands be made·​·firm, and thou shalt go·​·down into the camp. And he and Purah, his lad, went·​·down to the edge of those girded·​·to·​·the·​·fifth* who were in the camp.

12 And Midian and Amalek and all the sons of the east lay along in the valley as the locust for multitude, and their camels without number, as the sand by the lip of the sea for multitude.

13 And Gideon came, and, behold, a man recounted a dream to his companion and said, Behold I dreamed a dream, and, behold, a roasted barley bread turned·​·over and over into the camp of Midian and came unto a tent and smote it and it fell, and it overturned it upward, and the tent fell.

14 And his companion answered and said, This is nothing else than the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel; into his hand has God given Midian and all the camp.

15 And it was, as Gideon heard the recounting of the dream and its interpretation* of it, that he bowed·​·down and returned to the camp of Israel and said, Arise, for Jehovah has given into your hand the camp of Midian.

16 And he divided* the three hundred men into three companies, and he gave shophars into the hand of all of them, and empty pitchers, and torches in the midst of the pitchers;

17 and he said to them, From me you shall see, and thus you shall do. And behold, I shall come into the end of the camp, and it shall be, as I do, thus shall you do.

18 And I shall sound with a shophar, I and all that are with me, then also you shall sound with the shophar, around all the camp, and you shall say, For Jehovah and for Gideon!

19 And Gideon came, and a hundred men who were with him, to the edge of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch. Surely raising they had just raised the guards. And they sounded the shophars and shattered the pitchers that were in their hands.

20 And the three companies blew the shophars and broke the pitchers and held· their torches ·firmly with their left hand and the shophars with their right hand to sound, and they called out, The sword for Jehovah and for Gideon!

21 And they stood every man in his place all around the camp, and all the camp ran, and they shouted and fled.

22 And the three hundred sounded the shophars, and Jehovah set the sword of each·​·man against his companion, and against all the camp, and the camp fled even·​·to Beth-shittah, toward Zererath, even·​·to the border* of Abel-meholah by Tabbath.

23 And the men of Israel were summoned from Naphtali and from Asher and from all Manasseh, and they pursued after Midian.

24 And Gideon sent messengers into all Mount Ephraim, saying, Come·​·down to meet Midian, and capture before them the waters, even·​·to Beth-barah and the Jordan. And every man of Ephraim was summoned, and they captured the waters even·​·to Beth-barah and the Jordan.

25 And they captured two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and they killed Oreb on the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb in the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and of Zeeb to Gideon from across the Jordan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 24:26, 46:2

Leviticus 26:7

Deuteronomy 8:17, 20:8

Joshua 3:16, 6:16, 11:4

Judges 3:27, 28, 4:14, 6:5, 32, 33, 8:3, 10

1 Samuel 1:28, 11:11, 13:5, 14:6, 12, 20, 21, 22, 23:4, 29:1

2 Samuel 23:25

1 Kings 4:12, 20:20, 27

2 Kings 7:6, 7

2 Chronicles 20:15, 17, 23

Psalms 33:16, 83:10, 12

Proverbs 16:2

Isaiah 9:3, 10:13, 26

Zechariah 14:13

Acts of the Apostles 18:9

1 Corinthians 1:29

Významy biblických slov

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Moreh
'Moreh' signifies the earliest moment of the Lord's perception.

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

saved
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

proclaim
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Mount Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

tongue
In Psalms 5:9, 'the throat an open sepulcher,' relates to evil, 'the tongue speaking smooth things,' to falsity.

dog
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

knees
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

drink
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

save
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

horn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

beneath
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

night
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

sons of the
The sons of the Javanites,' as in Joel 3:6, signify worship in externals, separate from the internal.

sons of the east
'Sons of the east' generally signify people of the Lord’s spiritual kingdom.

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

locust
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

camels
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

without number
In Joel 1:6, 'strong' relates to the power of evil, and 'without number,' of the power of falsity.

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

barley
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

bread
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

a tent
'To pitch a tent,' as in Genesis 12:8, denotes conjunction.

tent
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

overturned
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

dream
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

bowed
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

just
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Left hand
'The left hand' in a negative sense signifies falsity which is used to produce evil.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Right hand
'The man of the right hand,' as in Psalm 80:17, signifies the Lord with respect to the Word. He is called 'the man of the...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

shouted
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Three hundred
'Three hundred' signifies fullness, because the number comes from three and a hundred multiplied. Both 'three' and 'a hundred' signifies fullness. The significance of products...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

fled
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

lip
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

manasseh
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

messengers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

mount
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

capture
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

captured
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

princes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

midian
'Simran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Jishbak, and Shuah,' as in Genesis 25:2, represent the general divisions of the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, in the heavens and in...

killed
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

rock
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

heads
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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