Judges 5

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1 And Deborah, and Barak the son of Abinoam, sang in that day, saying:

2 In exposing they exposed themselves in Israel,
when the people of their free·​·will offered themselves,
bless ye Jehovah!

3 Hear, ye kings;
give·​·ear, ye rulers.
I, even I will sing to Jehovah;
I will sing·​·psalms to Jehovah, the God of Israel.

4 Jehovah, when Thou wentest·​·out from Seir,
when Thou didst march from the field of Edom,
the land quaked, even the heavens dropped·​·down,
even the thick·​·clouds dropped·​·down waters.

5 The mountains streamed down from before Jehovah,
this Sinai from before Jehovah the God of Israel.

6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath,
in the days of Jael, the paths stopped,
and those who walked on trails went by crooked paths.

7 The country·​·roads in Israel stopped,
they stopped,
until I, Deborah, arose,
I arose a mother in Israel.

8 They chose new gods;
then there was a fight at the gates;
was there seen a shield or a lance
among forty thousand in Israel?

9 My heart is toward the lawgivers of Israel
who offered· themselves ·willingly among the people.
Bless ye Jehovah!

10 Ye who ride on white she·​·donkeys,
ye who sit on Middin*,
and ye who walk on the way, contemplate.

11 From the voice of the archers between the drawings of water;
there shall they commemorate the just acts of Jehovah,
the just acts of His country·​·roads in Israel,
then the people of Jehovah went·​·down to the gates.

12 Stir thyself, stir thyself, Deborah,
stir thyself, stir thyself, give·​·word to a song:
Arise, Barak, take·​·captive thy captivity, thou son of Abinoam.

13 Then shall the survivor have·​·dominion for the magnificent of the people;
Jehovah shall have·​·dominion for me among the mighty.

14 Out·​·of Ephraim whose root was in Amalek,
after thee, Benjamin among thy peoples;
out·​·of Machir came·​·down thy lawgivers,
and out·​·of Zebulun they who draw the scepter of a scribe,

15 and my princes in Issachar were with Deborah;
as was Issachar, so was Barak;
into the valley he was sent on his feet.
In the divisions of Reuben there were great statutes of heart.

16 Why didst thou sit between the packs
to hear the hissings of the droves?
For the divisions of Reuben
there were great searchings·​·out of the heart.

17 Gilead inhabited the crossing of the Jordan;
and Dan, why was· he ·afraid of ships?
Asher dwelt by the coast of the seas,
and inhabited its inlets.

18 Zebulun was a people that disdained* his soul to die*,
and Naphtali on the high places of the field.

19 The kings came, they fought;
then fought the kings of Canaan;
In Taanach by the waters of Megiddo;
they took no gain of silver.

20 They fought from the heavens,
the stars from their highways fought with Sisera.

21 The brook Kishon hurtled·​·at them;
the ancient brook, the brook Kishon.
Tread, O my soul, with strength.

22 Then were the heels of the horse pounded·​·down from the trotting,
the trotting of his stout ones.

23 Curse ye Meroz, says the angel of Jehovah;
cursing, curse her dwellers;
for they came not to the help of Jehovah,
to the help of Jehovah against the mighty.

24 Blessed above women be Jael the wife of Cheber the Kenite;
Blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

25 Water he asked, milk she gave;
she offered butter in the dish of the magnificent.

26 She put·​·forth her hand to the peg,
and her right·​·hand to what the laborer uses to pound·​·down;
and pounded·​·down upon Sisera,
beat· the peg ·into his head;
it struck and passed·​·through his temple.

27 Between her feet he stooped, he fell;
he lay·​·down; between her feet he stooped, he fell;
where he stooped, he fell devastated.

28 Through the window she gazed and exclaimed,
the mother of Sisera, through the lattice;
Wherefore does his chariot delay in coming?
Wherefore does the pace* of his chariot delay?

29 The wise of her princesses answered,
Yea, she returned her sayings to herself:

30 Have they not found,
and parted the spoil?
a virgin*, two·​·virgins for the head mighty·​·man;
a spoil of colors?
To Sisera a spoil of colored embroidery,
of colored embroideries
for the necks of the spoil?

31 So let all Thine enemies perish, O Jehovah,
but let those who love Him be as the sun going·​·out in its might.
And the land was quiet forty years.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 32:4, 35:22, 23, 24, 25

Exodus 15:1, 9

Leviticus 26:22

Numbers 32:1, 6, 39

Deuteronomy 7:9, 32:17, 33:2

Joshua 10:10, 11, 12:21, 17:11

Judges 2:12, 3:11, 31, 4:4, 17, 8:5, 6, 8, 10:4, 12:14, 15, 21:8

1 Samuel 13:19

2 Samuel 18:32, 22:1, 8, 23:4

2 Chronicles 15:5, 17:16

Psalms 19:6, 57:9, 68:9, 13, 71:15, 83:10, 92:10, 97:5, 103:2, 110:3, 146:2

Proverbs 4:18, 7:6

Song of Solomon 2:9

Isaiah 9:2, 33:8, 63:19

Jeremiah 19:4, 48:10

Daniel 12:3

Micah 1:4

Nahum 5

Matthew 13:43

Luke 1:28, 42

1 Corinthians 2:9

Revelation 12:11, 16:16

Významy biblických slov

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

sing
Every affection of the heart has a tendency to produce singing, and so it will produce anything relating to singing. The affection of the heart...

Seir
'The land of Seir' signifies in the highest sense, celestial natural good of the Lord. It has this signification because Mount Seir was the boundary...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

mountains
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

paths
'A path' denotes truths, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

walked
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

shield
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

ride
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

white
'White' relates to truths, because it originates in the light of the sun.

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

just
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gates
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

song
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

root
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Benjamin
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

lawgivers
'A lawgiver,' as in Numbers 21:18, signifies the Lord.

princes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Issachar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

sit
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

divisions
Boundaries, mentioned in Judges 5:15, (in the common version, sheepfolds), signify knowledges and scientifics in the natural man ; and the bleatings of the flocks...

reuben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

inhabited
'Inhabit' refers to good.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

ships
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

dwelt
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

seas
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

kings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

the kings of
The kings of Media and Persia' represent people who are in faith separate from charity.

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

gain
'Lucre or gain' signifies every thing false derived from evil which perverts the judgment.

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

heavens
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

strength
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

heels
'The heel' signifies natural things of the lowest order. 'The heel which the serpent should bruise,' as mentioned in Genesis 3:15, signifies the lowest natural...

horse
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

angel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Kenite
The Kenite, Kenizzite, and Kadmonite,' as in Genesis 15:19, signify falsities which are to be expelled from the kingdom of the Lord.

tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

milk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

butter
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

peg
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

struck
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

feet
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

window
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

chariot
'The wheels of chariots' signify the faculty of reasoning, and the ability to conflict from the intellect.

coming
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

wise
At its heart, wisdom is love's imperative desire to take form. That's a tricky statement, but think of it this way: If you love someone,...

Princesses
'Queens as nursing mothers,' as in Isaiah 49:23, signify goods, or people who are in goods.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

sayings
'Words,' as in Exodus 34:28, signify everything pertaining to doctrine.

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

spoil
'Spoil of gold, and silver, and cattle' signifies falsified truths.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

necks
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

love
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

quiet
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

forty
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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Activity | Ages over 18


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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