Judges 3

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And these are the nations which Jehovah let·​·stay to tempt Israel by them, all those that had not known all the battles of Canaan;

2 only that the generations of the sons of Israel might·​·know, to teach them war, only those who knew not before;

3 five satraps* of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Zidonians, and the Hivites that dwell in the mountain of Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon to the coming·​·in of Ḥamath.

4 And they were there to tempt Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of Jehovah, which He commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

5 And the sons of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites;

6 and they took their daughters unto them for wives, and gave their daughters unto their sons, and served their gods.

7 And the sons of Israel did evil in the eyes of Jehovah, and forgot Jehovah their God, and served the Baalim and the groves.

8 And the anger of Jehovah was·​·fierce against Israel, and He sold them into the hand of Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram-naharaim; and the sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.

9 And the sons of Israel cried unto Jehovah, and Jehovah raised·​·up a saviour to the sons of Israel, and he saved them; Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, younger than he.

10 And the spirit of Jehovah was upon him, and he judged Israel, and went·​·out to war; and Jehovah gave Cushan-rishathaim, king of Aram, into his hand; and his hand was·​·strong against Cushan-rishathaim.

11 And the land was quiet for forty years; and Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

12 And the sons of Israel did evil again in the eyes of Jehovah, and Jehovah made· Eglon, the king of Moab, ·firm against Israel, because they did evil in the eyes of Jehovah.

13 And he gathered unto him the sons of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm·​·trees*.

14 And the sons of Israel served Eglon king of Moab eighteen years.

15 And the sons of Israel cried to Jehovah, and Jehovah raised·​·up a saviour for them, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjaminite, a left-handed* man, and by his hand the sons of Israel sent a gift·​·offering to Eglon the king of Moab.

16 And Ehud made for himself a sword, and it had two mouths*, a gomed* in length; and he did·​·gird it under his robe upon his right thigh.

17 And he offered the gift to Eglon king of Moab; and Eglon was a very well fed* man.

18 And it was, when he completed offering the gift·​·offering and sent·​·away the people that bore the gift·​·offering;

19 that he himself turned·​·back from the graven images which were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret word unto thee, O king; and he said, Keep·​·silent! And all that stood by him went·​·out from him.

20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in the cool upper·​·room, which was for himself alone; and Ehud said, I have a word of God for thee, and he arose from off his throne.

21 And Ehud put·​·forth his left hand, and took the sword from upon his right thigh, and fixed it in his belly:

22 and the haft also came·​·in after the blade*; and the fat closed over the blade, so that he drew not the sword from his belly; and it went·​·out the hind·​·parts.

23 And Ehud went·​·out by the ante-chamber and closed the doors of the upper·​·room upon him and locked them.

24 And he went·​·out, and his servants came·​·in; and they saw and behold, the doors of the upper·​·room were locked, and they said, Surely he covers his feet in the cool chamber.

25 And they waited until they were·​·ashamed; and behold, no·​·one opened the doors of the upper·​·room; and they took the key and opened it; and behold their lord had fallen to the earth dead.

26 And Ehud escaped while they lingered, and he passed·​·by the graven images, and escaped unto Seirath.

27 And it was, when he was come, that he sounded a shophar* in the mountain of Ephraim, and the sons of Israel went·​·down with him from the mount and he before them.

28 And he said, Pursue after me, for Jehovah has given your enemies, the Moabites, into your hand. And they went·​·down after him and captured the fords of the Jordan to Moab, and allowed* not a man to cross·​·over.

29 And they smote of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all vigorous* and all men of valor; and there escaped not a man.

30 And Moab was humbled that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was quiet for eighty years.

31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, and he smote of the Philistines six hundred men with a cattle goad; and he also saved Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 24:10

Exodus 34:16

Leviticus 26:17

Numbers 13:29, 23:18

Deuteronomy 8:11, 14, 18

Joshua 2:7, 13:3

Judges 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

1 Samuel 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2 Samuel 4:6, 20:9, 10

1 Kings 9:20, 11:3

1 Chronicles 8:3, 5

2 Chronicles 9:24, 15:1

Nehemiah 4:14

Psalms 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Hosea 6:4

2 Corinthians 14

Významy biblických slov

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

battles
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

generations
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

knew
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

philistine
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

coming
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

commandments
In Deuteronomy 11:1, 'statutes' signify the external parts of the Word, such as rituals, and representations of the internal sense. 'Judgments' signify the internal parts...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

hittites
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hivites
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Jebusites
Girgashites and Jebusites, as in Genesis 15:21, signify falsities derived from evils.

daughters
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

gods
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

forgot
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Baalim
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

anger
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

sold
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

Aram-naharaim
Aram-Naharaim, or Syria of the [Two] Rivers, in Genesis 24:10, signifies thoughtful knowledge about what is true that results from thinking about what is good....

eight
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

younger
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

Spirit of Jehovah
'The spirit of Jehovah' signifies the influx of truth and goodness.

judged
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

forty
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

died
'The soul going forth' and 'dying,' as in Genesis 35:18, signifies the extreme of temptation, which is when the old self dies and the new...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Ammon
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

served
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

cried
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

saviour
In Isaiah 19:20, 'savior' relates to the Lord regarding the good of love, and 'great one,' regarding the truths of faith from Him.

Right hand
'The man of the right hand,' as in Psalm 80:17, signifies the Lord with respect to the Word. He is called 'the man of the...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

length
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

gird
To gird one’s self, as in John. 21:18, signifies to know and perceive truths in the light from good.

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

bore
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

sitting
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Word of God
'The Word of God,' as in Revelation 17:17, signifies the things foretold in the Word.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

throne
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

Left hand
'The left hand' in a negative sense signifies falsity which is used to produce evil.

thigh
In Revelation 19:16, 'the Lord’s thigh' signifies the Word regarding its divine good. 'The thigh and loins' signify conjugial love, and because this is the...

fat
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

belly
'Womb,' as in Genesis 49:25, signifies the conjunction of good and truth. The term 'belly' is used where truths are being discussed, and the term...

Hind
'A hind,' as mentioned in Genesis 49:21, signifies the affection of natural truth.

closed
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

ashamed
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

doors
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

lingered
'To linger,' as in Genesis 19:16, signifies resistance from the nature of evil. Lingering' signifies a state of doubt. When a state of life passes...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

images
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

horn
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

mount
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

pursue
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

moabites
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

captured
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

quiet
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

eighty
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

saved
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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