Judges 11

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1 And Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty·​·man of valor, and he was the son of a woman that was a harlot; and Gilead begot Jephthah.

2 And the wife of Gilead gave·​·birth to sons for him; and the sons of his wife grew·​·up and they drove·​·out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father’s house, for thou art the son of another woman.

3 And Jephthah ran·​·away from before his brothers, and dwelt in the land of Tob; and worthless* men collected themselves to Jephthah, and went·​·out with him.

4 And it was after some days, and the sons of Ammon fought with Israel.

5 And it was as the sons of Ammon fought with Israel, that the elders of Gilead went to take Jephthah out of the land of Tob.

6 And they said to Jephthah, Come and be our captain, that we may fight·​·against the sons of Ammon.

7 And Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, Did you not hate me and drive· me ·out of the house of my father? And why have you come to me now when you are in adversity?

8 And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, Therefore we now return to thee, and thou mayest go with us, and fight against the sons of Ammon, and be for us a head for all those who dwell in Gilead.

9 And Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, If you bring· me ·back to fight·​·against the sons of Ammon, and Jehovah give· them ·over before me, shall I be your head?

10 And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, Let Jehovah hear between us, if we do not so according to thy word.

11 And Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people set him over them for their head and for their captain; and Jephthah spoke all his words before Jehovah in Mizpah.

12 And Jephthah sent messengers to the king of the sons of Ammon, saying, What is there to me and to thee*, that thou hast come against me to fight in my land?

13 And the king of the sons of Ammon said to the messengers of Jephthah, Because Israel took my land, when he came·​·up out of Egypt, from Arnon even·​·to Jabbok, and even·​·to Jordan; and now return it in peace.

14 And Jephthah sent messengers yet again to the king of the sons of Ammon,

15 and said to him, Thus says Jephthah: Israel took not the land of Moab, nor the land of the sons of Ammon;

16 for when they went·​·up from Egypt, and Israel walked in the wilderness even·​·to the Suph Sea*, and came to Kadesh,

17 then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land; but the king of Edom hearkened not. And he also sent to the king of Moab, and he was· not ·willing. And Israel dwelt in Kadesh.

18 And he went through the wilderness, and went·​·around the land of Edom, and the land of Moab; and came to the land of Moab from the rising of the sun, and encamped across Arnon, and came not unto the border of Moab, for Arnon was the border of Moab.

19 And Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorite, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said to him, Let us pass·​·through, we pray thee, on thy land even·​·to my place.

20 But Sihon believed not Israel* to let them pass·​·through into his border; but Sihon gathered all his people, and encamped in Jahatsah, and fought with Israel.

21 And Jehovah, the God of Israel, gave Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them; and Israel possessed all the land of the Amorite, that dwelt in this land.

22 And they possessed all the border of the Amorite, from Arnon even·​·to Jabbok, and from the wilderness even·​·to the Jordan.

23 And now Jehovah, the God of Israel, has dispossessed the Amorite from before His people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?

24 Wilt thou not possess that which Chemosh thy god makes thee to possess? And whomever Jehovah our god dispossess from before us, them will we possess.

25 And now art thou any better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? Striving, did he strive with Israel? Fighting, did he fight against them?

26 While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns*, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that are by the sides* of Arnon three hundred years; and why did you not rescue them at that time?

27 And I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me evil to fight against me. May Jehovah, the Judge, be Judge this day between the sons of Israel and the sons of Ammon.

28 And the king of the sons of Ammon hearkened not to the words of Jephthah, which he sent him.

29 And the spirit of Jehovah was upon Jephthah, and he passed·​·through Gilead and Manasseh, and passed·​·through Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed·​·through unto the sons of Ammon.

30 And Jephthah vowed a vow to Jehovah and said, If giving Thou wilt give the sons of Ammon into my hands,

31 and it shall be that the one going·​·out, that goes·​·out from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the sons of Ammon, he shall be for Jehovah, and I will offer· him ·up as a burnt·​·offering.

32 And Jephthah crossed·​·over to the sons of Ammon to fight against them; and Jehovah gave them into his hand.

33 And he smote them from Aroer, even until thou come to Minnith, twenty cities, and even·​·to Abel-cheramim, with a very great smiting. And the sons of Ammon were humbled before the sons of Israel.

34 And Jephthah came·​·into Mizpah to his house; and, behold, his daughter came·​·out to meet him with timbrels and with dances; and she only was the only·​·one; he had none other from himself, either son or daughter.

35 And it was, when he saw her, that he rent his garments, and said, Alas, my daughter! And thou hast made me stoop·​·low, stooping·​·low, and thou art among those who trouble me; for I have opened· my mouth ·wide to Jehovah, and I am· not ·able to turn·​·back.

36 And she said to him, My father, thou hast opened· thy mouth ·wide to Jehovah; do to me according·​·to that which is gone·​·out from thy mouth; forasmuch as Jehovah has done vengeance for thee from thine enemies, from the sons of Ammon.

37 And she said to her father, Let this word be done for me; Let· me ·go for two months, and I will go and go·​·down on the mountains, and I will weep for my virginity, I and my companions.

38 And he said, Go. And he sent· her ·away for two months; and she went, she and her companions, and she wept over her virginity upon the mountains.

39 And it was, at the end of two months, that she returned to her father, and he did to her according to the vow which he had vowed; and she knew no man. And it was for a statute in Israel

40 that from days to days the daughters of Israel went to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Psalms 66:13, 14

Jeremiah 42:5, 48:7, 19, 46

Ezekiel 27:17

Hebrews 11:32

Významy biblických slov

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

valor
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

harlot
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

begot
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

elders
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

Red sea
'The Red sea' signifies hell and damnation, or temptation.

kadesh
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

around
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

rising
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

messengers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

wilderness
'The wilderness of Sin,' as in Exodus 16, signifies the good from truth in a state of temptation.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Chemosh
Nebo, Kiriathaim, Misgab, Sibmah, Jaser, and Chemosh,' as in Jeremiah 48:1, signify the false principles which taint people who are principled in natural good.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

heshbon
In Isaiah 16:9, 'Jazer,' 'the vine of Sibmah,' and 'Heshbon and Elealeth,' signify the people of the external church, who explain the Word to favor...

towns
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

sides
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Three hundred
'Three hundred' signifies fullness, because the number comes from three and a hundred multiplied. Both 'three' and 'a hundred' signifies fullness. The significance of products...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Spirit of Jehovah
'The spirit of Jehovah' signifies the influx of truth and goodness.

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

manasseh
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

doors
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

smote
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

mizpah
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

timbrels
'A timbrel,' as in Psalms 81:2, has respect to what is spiritual.

dances
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Rent
'To rend the garments' signifies mourning for truth lost or destroyed, or the loss of faith.

garments
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Ammon
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

weep
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

months
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

vow
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

vowed
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

knew
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

daughters
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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