Joshua 3

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1 And Joshua got·​·up·​·early in the morning and they journeyed from Shittim, and came to the Jordan, he and all the sons of Israel, and passed·​·the·​·night there before they crossed·​·over.

2 And it was, at the end of three days, that the officers passed·​·through among the camp;

3 and they commanded the people, saying, As you are seeing the ark of the covenant of Jehovah your God, and the priests, the Levites, bearing it, then you shall journey from your place, and go after it.

4 Only it shall be far between you and it about two·​·thousand cubits by measure; come· not ·near to it, so·​·that you may know the way by which you must go; for you have not crossed·​·over by this way from yesterday and the day before*.

5 And Joshua said to the people, Sanctify yourselves, for tomorrow Jehovah will do wonders among you.

6 And Joshua said to the priests, saying, Bear the ark of the covenant, and cross·​·over before the people. And they bore the ark of the covenant, and went before the people.

7 And Jehovah said to Joshua, This day I will begin to magnify thee in the eyes of all Israel, that they may·​·know that, as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee.

8 And thou shalt command the priests bearing the ark of the covenant, saying, As you have come even·​·to the edge of the waters of the Jordan, you shall stand in the Jordan.

9 And Joshua said to the sons of Israel, Approach now, and hear the words of Jehovah your God.

10 And Joshua said, By this you shall know that a living God is among you; and dispossessing you shall dispossess from before you the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Hivite, and the Perizzite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite and the Jebusite.

11 Behold the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth crosses·​·over before you into the Jordan.

12 And now, take for yourselves twelve men out·​·of the tribes of Israel; one man, one man for each tribe.

13 And it shall be, as the soles of the feet of the priests bearing the ark of Jehovah, the Lord of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of the Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan shall be cut·​·off, the waters that come·​·down from above; and they shall stand as one heap.

14 And it was, when the people journeyed from their tents to cross·​·over the Jordan, and the priests were bearing the ark of the covenant before the people,

15 and as those bearing the ark had come even·​·to the Jordan, and the feet of the priests bearing the ark were dipped in the edge of the waters (and the Jordan fills all its banks all the days of the harvest),

16 that the waters coming·​·down from above stood; they rose·​·up in one heap, exceedingly far·​·away from Adam, the city that is by the side of Zarethan, and the waters coming·​·down upon the sea of the desert, the Salt sea, were finished, they were cut·​·off; and the people crossed·​·over in·​·front·​·of Jericho.

17 And the priests bearing the ark of the covenant of Jehovah stood firm on the dry ground in the midst of the Jordan; and all Israel crossed·​·over on dry ground, until all the nation had finished crossing·​·over the Jordan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 3: The Israelites cross the river Jordan

In this chapter, the Israelites go across the river Jordan by means of a miracle. The waters of the river get held back to create dry ground to walk on. This miracle happens a number of times in the Old Testament beginning with the crossing of the Red Sea in Exodus. And, as we will see, it means things for us too.

All the people of Israel move to the edge of the river Jordan and camp (see Arcana Caelestia 6537). Then a number of commands are given: to move only when they see the priests carrying the ark move first; to keep well away from the ark; to consecrate themselves; to choose twelve men, one from each tribe. The priests are told to carry the ark ahead of the people and to step into the waters of the river.

These detailed instructions are important for us, in the work of regeneration. At the end of verse Joshua 3:4 it says something very telling, that “you have not passed this way before.” In truth, we haven’t; the work of regeneration is new to us and takes us into things we haven’t yet experienced. Seeing the ark going ahead pictures our own need to keep the commands and truths of the Lord in our vision and goals.

Keeping well away from the ark is also important because we must not mix together our view of what we do, with the Lord’s view of what we must do – the ark contains the ten commandments and must always be seen (Arcana Caelestia 6724).

The text says, “Do not come near it, that you may know the way by which you must go.” (Joshua 3:4) The people are also told to consecrate themselves, to make themselves holy. This would have included washing, which stands for cleansing our mind and actions of anything which goes against God.

The last command the people are given is to choose twelve men, one from each tribe. This will become important in the next chapter when twelve memorial stones are taken out of the river Jordan.

The priests carrying the ark are told to step in and get wet. For us this means that our dedication to God and our highest intentions (the ‘priest’ in us) must come into touch with the flowing water of the river Jordan (the first spiritual truths, first because the Jordan is a boundary).

When the priests do this, the waters immediately stop far upstream, making dry ground for everybody to safely cross while the priests stand still (see Arcana Caelestia 1664[7]). When our dedication to God dovetails with God’s truths for our life and become united, we have the heavenly ideal and we will now go forward. (Doctrine of Life 55[3]).

In verses 9 to 13 Joshua reminds the people of what it is they are now doing. They are crossing into Canaan, “and the living God is among you and he will without fail drive out the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites and Jebusites”, who, for us, stand for the wrongs, weaknesses, delusions, tricks and deceits of our human nature such as it is before we belong to God. “Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth is crossing over before you into the Jordan.”

This chapter is our first action and resolve at the start of our regeneration or new birth. It will take us from here to there, never to go back. It is a transition from one side of our life to the other (Arcana Caelestia 7779[3]). And all Israel crossed over on dry ground. Each of us is ‘all Israel’ because there are many parts to us; we love, think, believe, value, act, do useful things, share, work and play, and all these and many others will be part of our spiritual life that lies ahead.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 901, 1444, 1585, 2788, 2913, 3858, 4255, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Doctrine of Life 60

True Christian Religion 285


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

Spiritual Experiences 2289

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Genesis 15:21, 21:14, 22:3

Exodus 14:22, 29, 15:8, 19:10

Leviticus 20:7

Numbers 13:2, 29

Deuteronomy 3:17, 5:26, 7:21, 9:3, 31:9

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1 Samuel 16:5, 17:20, 26

1 Kings 4:12

2 Kings 19:4

1 Chronicles 12:16, 29:11

2 Chronicles 1:1

Psalms 25:12, 44:3, 66:6, 77:15, 78:13, 114:3

Isaiah 48:17, 54:5

Jeremiah 10:10

Micah 2:13

Zechariah 4:14

John 10:4

Acts of the Apostles 7:45

2 Corinthians 1

1 Thessalonians 1:9

1 Peter 15

Významy biblických slov

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

seeing
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

journey
Journeying' or 'going on' denotes progressing or advancing in life, in the opposite sense, it means going back.

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

measure
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

sanctify
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

tomorrow
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

bore
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

went before
To "go before" in the Bible means either to lead or to prepare, depending on context. When it is said of the Lord or things...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

hittite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hivite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

Soles of the feet
'The soles of the feet' correspond to the sensory natural level of a person.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

journeyed
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

Tents
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

and the feet
'Hairs of the head, the beard, and the feet,' as mentioned in Isaiah 7:20, signify the following things: 'Hairs of the head' signify the outermost...

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

fills
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Adam
Adam is one of the most crucial and most controversial figures in the Bible, dividing even the faithful into camps: those who believe he literally...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

salt
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

bearing
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nation
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

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 Crossing the Jordan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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Multiple choice and fill in the blank questions to review the crossing of the river Jordan.
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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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